# How to Complete The Square

How to Complete The Square: A Step-by-Step Guide

Completing the square is a method used in algebra to solve quadratic equations. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to do it:

• Begin with a quadratic equation in the form: ��2+��+�=0ax2+bx+c=0.

**2. Move the Constant to the Other Side:

• If �c is positive, subtract �c from both sides of the equation. If �c is negative, add ∣�∣∣c∣ (the absolute value of �c) to both sides.
• You should now have an equation of the form: ��2+��=−�ax2+bx=−c.

**3. Divide by the Coefficient of �2x2:

• Divide both sides of the equation by �a to make the coefficient of �2x2 equal to 1.
• The equation is now in the form: �2+���=−��x2+abx=−ac​.

**4. Take Half of the Coefficient of �x and Square It:

• The term �2�2ab​ is half of the coefficient of �x. Square this value to get (�2�)2(2ab​)2.

**5. Add and Subtract (�2�)2(2ab​)2 to Both Sides:

• Add (�2�)2(2ab​)2 to both sides to complete the square on the left-hand side.
• The equation becomes: �2+���+(�2�)2=−��+(�2�)2x2+abx+(2ab​)2=−ac​+(2ab​)2.

**6. Factor the Left-Hand Side:

• The left-hand side can be factored into (�+�2�)2(x+2ab​)2.
• The equation now looks like: (�+�2�)2=−��+(�2�)2(x+2ab​)2=−ac​+(2ab​)2.

**7. Simplify the Right-Hand Side:

• Simplify the right-hand side by performing the operations. This will give you a constant on the right.

**8. Take the Square Root of Both Sides:

• Take the square root of both sides. Remember to consider both the positive and negative square roots.
• You’ll get two possible values for �x: �=−�2�±−��+(�2�)2x=−2ab​±−ac​+(2ab​)2​.

**9. Simplify Further if Needed:

• If possible, simplify the expression further.