Christian Biblical Reflections.26

      (The Book of Jeremiah the Prophet & his Lamentations is now completed as promised, a year longer than I hoped. Health issues has been the primary cause of the delay; I am thankful to the Great Physician in extending my time here below, giving me the time to complete many projects lingering for some 5 years. I have been able to edit the collection of many Public Domain books, especially the multi-volume sets, including Biblical & Theological Journals. I have been able to edit & upload the 300 volumes of the Loeb Classical Library of the Greek-Latin-English volumes as a complete set to Internet Archives. In the Christian Biblical Reflections on Jeremiah I have been compelled to again alter my style of writing. Some have expressed confusion in discerning when I am writing or speaking my Reflections specifically. I now adopt braces {} to isolate my Reflections from others where it can be confused. The double {{}} are still used for the Selections in the work. The use of italics & colored fonts are not reproduced in Notepad in which I usually initially write. WordPad allows for the italics & colored fonts; then I move the finished writing to Word & PDF. I do not know how much time I have left down here (I just turned 67), but my hope to the Lord is to finish Chapter 5, Daniel & the 12 Minor Prophets in the next 6 months; this completes volume 2. If it is permitted to me, volume 3, the New Testament, should take another 6 months. mjmselim. Oct. 2019.)

      Christian Biblical Reflections: Chapter 4: Isaiah – Jeremiah & Lamentations (Ezekiel not yet ready.): Isaiah: pages 1-113; Jeremiah & Lamentations: pages 114-232.

Here are the links to the Isaiah submissions or posts:
https://mjmselim.blog/2019/07/17/christian-biblical-reflections-25/
https://mjmselim.blog/2019/07/16/christian-biblical-reflections-24/
https://mjmselim.blog/2019/07/15/christian-biblical-reflections-23/
https://mjmselim.blog/2019/07/14/christian-biblical-reflections-22/
Here is the link to volume 1(pages 1-562):
https://mjmselim.files.wordpress.com/2018/08/cbr-1-3-aug122018-christbibreflect-mjmselim-orgnl-08112018-24.pdf 

(Here is CBR submission or part 26, pages 114-171. Jeremiah & Lamentations.)

Part IV: ISAIAH, JEREMIAH & LAMENTATIONS, & EZEKIEL.
Part IV: ISAIAH – EZEKIEL: Prophetical Books: Three: Major-Greater-Longer Prophets.

Book of the Prophet JEREMIAH & LAMENTATIONS: (Chapters 1-52 & 1-5)

The Words of Jeremiah benHilkiah, of the Priests in Anathoth (some 3 miles N-E of Jerusalem) in the Land of Benjamin: Jehovah’s Word came to him in the Days of Josiah benAmon, Judah’s King, in the 13th Year of his Reign; and in the Days of Jehoiakim benJosiah, Judah’s King, unto the 11th Year of Zedekiah benJosiah, Judah’s King, unto the Captivity & Exile of Jerusalem in the 5th Month. (From about B.C. 520-490 (others add 100 years, 620-590). Josiah ruled for 31 yrs; Jehoahaz ruled 3 mnths; Jehoiakim ruled 11 yrs; Jehoiachin ruled 3 mnths; & Zedekiah ruled 11 yrs. The regal years equals: 31+11+11+1/2= 53 & 1/2 yrs subtract 13 yrs of Josiah’s rule we get 40 yrs of Jeremiah’s prophetic ministry to the Throne. In Isaiah we learnt that Hezekiah died at age 54 about B.C. 590, that Manasseh ruled for 55 yrs & Amon ruled 2 years; Manasseh took the Throne at age 12 after King Hezekiah died; therefore we have some 70 yrs between the end of Isaiah’s ministry to the Throne & the commencement of Jeremiah’s ministry to the Throne. In 2nd Kings 21-24 & 2nd Chronicles 33-35 we have the regal history behind the prophetic ministry of Jeremiah. In Isaiah the best King was Hezekiah; in Jeremiah it was Josiah. The nature of the Kings reflect the character of the people & the kingdom.)
The Lord’s Word came to Jeremiah: `Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee, and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee; I have appointed thee a Prophet unto the Nations (Gentiles)`. Jeremiah complains that he is a mere inarticulate youth; but the Lord replied: `Say not, I am a child; for to whomsoever I shall send thee thou shalt go, and whatsoever I shall command thee thou shalt speak. Be not afraid because of them; for I am with thee to deliver thee, saith Jehovah.` The Lord then touched his mouth, saying: `Behold, I have put My Words in thy mouth: see, I have this day set thee over the Nations (Gentiles) and over the Kingdoms, to pluck up and to break down and to destroy and to overthrow, to build and to plant.`
(If we compare Jeremiah to Isaiah we see some interesting contrasts; the conditions under which both ministered were clearly different; yet there are striking similarities to each. In Scripture we have encountered God’s calling & choosing youths: Joseph, Samuel, David, Solomon, Joash, Azariah-Uzziah, & Josiah. Isaiah predicted Judah’s doom by Babylon; under Josiah’s father Amon & his grandfather Manasseh that doom was again & again confirmed. In King Josiah’s reign, in his 8th year at age 16, the King started to purge Judah & Jerusalem of idolatry; in the 13th year at age 21, Jeremiah was called by God; 5 years later, in the King’s 18th year @ age 26, King Josiah’s Great Revival & Reform by the High Priest Hilkiah & the Scribe Shaphan was started in the Repair of the Lord’s House & Temple. It was at that time the Book of the Law (Deuteronomy) was found in the Lord’s House. “At that time King Josiah sent to inquire concerning the Words of the Book, to the Huldah the Prophetess, the wife of Shallum benTikvah, benHarhas, Keeper of the Wardrobe (now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the second quarter); and they communed with her. And she said unto them, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel: “Tell ye the man that sent you unto Me, Thus saith Jehovah, Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, and upon the inhabitants thereof, even all the Words of the Book which the King of Judah hath read. Because they have forsaken Me, and have burned incense unto other `gods`, that they might provoke Me to anger with all the work of their hands, therefore My Wrath shall be kindled against this place, and it shall not be quenched. But unto the King of Judah, who sent you to inquire of Jehovah, thus shall ye say to him, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel: As touching the Words which thou hast heard, because thy heart was tender, and thou didst humble thyself before Jehovah, when thou heardest what I spake against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and hast rent thy clothes, and wept before Me; I also have heard thee, saith Jehovah. Therefore, behold, I will gather thee to thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered to thy grave in peace, neither shall thine eyes see all the evil which I will bring upon this place.”” They brought the King word again; the King gathered all the Elders of Judah & of Jerusalem. The King went up to the Lord’s House, with the men of Judah, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the priests, the prophets, and the people, both small and great: he read in their ears all the Words of the Book of the Covenant which was found in the Lord’s House. The King stood by the pillar, and made a Covenant before the Lord, to walk after Him, to keep His Commandments, His Testimonies, and His Statutes, with all heart & soul, to confirm the Words of this Covenant that were written in this Book: and all the people stood to the Covenant. The King commanded Hilkiah the High Priest, and the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the threshold, to bring forth out of the Lord’s Temple the vessels that were made for Baal, for the Asherah, and for all the host of heaven, and he burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron, and carried the ashes of them to Beth-el. And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven. And he brought out the Asherah from the Lord’s House, out of Jerusalem, to the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, beat it to dust, and cast the dust thereof upon the graves of the common people. He brake down the houses of the sodomites, that were in the Lord’s House, where the women wove hangings for the Asherah. He brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah, and defiled the High Places where the Priests had burned incense, from Geba to Beer-sheba; he brake down the High Places of the Gates that were at the entrance of the Gate of Joshua the Governor of the City, which were on a man’s left hand at the Gate of the City. Nevertheless the priests of the High Places came not up to the Altar of Jehovah in Jerusalem, but they did eat unleavened bread among their brethren. He desecrated Topheth, which is in the Valley of Beni-Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech. He took away the [statue ] Horses that the kings of Judah had given to the Sun, at the entrance of the Lord’s House, by the Chamber of Nathan-melech the Chamberlain, which was in the precincts; and he burned the Chariots of the Sun with fire. The Altars that were on the roof of the upper Chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, the Altars which Manasseh had made in the two Courts of the Lord’s House, he broke down, beat [them] down from thence, and cast the dust of them into the Brook Kidron. The High Places that were before Jerusalem, which were on the right hand of the Mount of Corruption, which King Solomon of Israel had built for Ashtoreth the Abomination of the Sidonians, and for Chemosh the Abomination of Moab, and for Milcom the Abomination of Beni-Ammon, did the King desecrate. He broke in pieces the Pillars, and cut down the Asherim, and filled their places with the bones of men. Moreover the Altar that was at Beth-el, the High Place which Jeroboam benNebat, who made Israel to sin, had made, even that Altar & High Place he broke down; he burned the High Place and beat it to dust, and burned the Asherah. And as Josiah turned himself, he spied the Sepulchres that were there in the mount; and he sent, and took the bones out of the Sepulchres, and burned them upon the Altar, and desecrated it, according to the Lord’s Word which the Man of God proclaimed concerning these things. Then he said, What Monument is that which I see? And the men of the city told him, It is the Sepulchre of the Man of God, who came from Judah, and proclaimed these things that thou hast done against the Altar of Beth-el. And he said, Let him be; let no man move his bones. So they let his bones alone, with the bones of the Prophet that came out of Samaria. And all the houses also of the High Places that were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to provoke to anger, Josiah took away, and did to them according to all the acts that he had done in Beth-el. And he slew all the Priests of the High Places that were there, upon the altars, and burned men’s bones upon them; and he returned to Jerusalem. The King commanded all the people, saying, Keep the Passover to the Lord your God, as it is written in this Book of the Covenant. Surely there was not kept such a Passover from the days of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah; but in the 18th year of King Josiah was this passover kept to the Lord in Jerusalem. Moreover them that had familiar spirits, the wizards, the teraphim, the idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah & in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might confirm the Words of the Law which were written in the Book that the Priest Hilkiah found in the Lord’s House. Like to him was there no King before him, that turned to the Lord with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the Law of Moses; neither after him arose there any like him.”)
The Lord’s Word came to Jeremiah: What do yu see? I see an Almond-tree Rod. Yu’ve seen well: I’ll make sure My Word is fulfilled. The Lord’s Word came to Jeremiah: 2nd time: What do yu see? A Boiling Caldron facing North. “Out of the North evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land. For, lo, I will call all the families of the kingdoms of the north, saith Jehovah; and they shall come, and they shall set every one his throne at the entrance of the Gates of Jerusalem, and against all the Walls thereof round about, and against all the Cities of Judah. And I will utter My Judgments against them touching all their wickedness, in that they have forsaken Me, and have burned incense unto other `gods`, and worshipped the works of their own hands. Thou therefore gird up thy loins, and arise, and speak unto them all that I command thee: be not dismayed at them, lest I dismay thee before them. For, behold, I have made thee this day a Fortified City, and an Iron Pillar, and Brazen Walls, against the whole Land, against the kings of Judah, against the princes thereof, against the priests thereof, and against the people of the land. And they shall fight against thee; but they shall not prevail against thee: for I am with thee, saith Jehovah, to deliver thee.”
The Lord’s Word came to Jeremiah: (2:1-3:5): The Lord says to Jerusalem: I remember yur young kindness, yur first love for me in the wilderness. Israel was His holiness, His first harvest: his devourers are guilty & evil comes to them. To the House of Jacob & Israel: What unrighteousness in Me has caused your rejection & vanity? No one remembers the Exodus from Egypt, the barren wilderness journey; or when I brought you to fertile Canaan, where you defiled My Land & made it an abomination. My Priests & Scribes were ignorant of Me; the rulers transgressed, and the prophets of Baal were useless. I will quarrel with with you & your children; from Kittim Islands in the North-West to Kedar in the North-East (or South-East) has this been seen & heard?: a nation changing their `gods` (idols)? My People exchange their Glory for nothing! Let the heavens be astonished & terrified: My People have two evils: they forsake Me to make broken cisterns for water! Israel is prey for the young lions; his land is destroyed & empty. The children of Memphis & Tahpanhes (in Egypt) has broken the crown of yur head; because yu’ve forsaken the Lord yur Guide. Why go south to drink the Egyptian waters of Shihor Brook, or go north to the Assyrian waters of the Euphrates River? Yur own evil ways & deeds will punish yu for forsaking the Lord; though long ago I freed yu from slavery, yu have been a harlot everywhere; though I planted yu the best vine & seed, yu’ve become a strange degenerate vine; no soap can wash away yur iniquity. Why deny yur defilement with the Baalim as a swift & wild Arabian camel? as a wild desert donkey, stubborn & yearning. Put on yur sandals, satisfy yur thirst; instead yu say it’s useless, I will seek the strangers that I love. The House of Israel is a shamed thief: people, kings, princes, priests, & prophets; saying: stock, yu are my Father; stone, yu are my Mother; but they have rejected Me; yet in trouble they beg Me saying: save us. But where are the many `gods` (idols) yu made; why do yu fight with Me, let them save yu, yu transgressors; I struck yur children, but they were not corrected; your own sword like a lion devoured the prophets. O generation, see the Lord’s Word: Am I a wilderness to Israel? a land of darkness? Why do My people say: we’re free, nevermore to come to Yu. Virgins & brides do not forget their ornaments & attire; but My People always forget Me. Why do dress up for love as an example to wicked women; yur skirts have the blood of poor innocent souls in open daylight; yet yu say: I’m innocent, He’ll not be mad. But I will judge yu for denying yur sin. Why do yu try so hard to appear good? yu’ll be ashamed of Egypt & Assyria; led away as captives by those whom the Lord as rejected. It’s said that a divorced & remarried woman that if then she returns to first husband is a very polluted land; Israel yu’re a harlot with many lovers, yet the Lord says to return to Him: yu are a well-known harlot as the famous Arabian desert whore polluting the land; the rain are withheld from the shameless harlot. Why not return to Me and say: My Father, the Guide of my virgin youth; He’ll not stay angry. But yu are a boastful harlot. The prophetic note & pattern is now established for the Book of Jeremiah: Israel’s unrepentant harlotry in idolatry & depravity.

As we have been noticing to the reader the Divine Communication in various colors (red, blue, & purple) for the direct & indirect words, so here is a general summary for those red letters in Jeremiah: Chapters & Verses: 1: many verses. 2-3: full chapters, except for a few verses. 4-6: most of chapters. 7: full chapter. 8: most of chapter. 9: all chapter less 3 verses. 10: 5 verses. 11-15: most of chapters. 16: whole chapter less 3 verses. 17-18: half chapters. 19: whole chapter less 2 verses. 20: 3 verses. 21-23: most of chapters less few verses. 24-25: half of chapters. 26: few verses. 27: chapter less 51/2 verses. 28: 3 verses. 29: chapter less 4 verses. 30-31: whole chapters less few verses. 32: half of chapter. 33: whole chapter less 3 verses. 34: most of chapter. 35: half of chapter. 36: 6 verses. 37: 4 1/2 verses. 38: 4 verses. 39: 3 verses. 42: 8 1/2 verses. 43: half of chapter. 44: most of chapter. 45: 2 of 5 verses in chapter. 46: whole chapter less 3 verses. 47: whole chapter less 1 verse. 48-50: whole chapters less few verses. 51: most of chapter.

The Lord gives to Jeremiah a new vision during the days of King Josiah: Harlot Sisters Israel & Judah: The Lord desires Israel to confess their adultery, idolatry, & depravity, and to return to Him to be forgiven & blessed; but she refused; and her treacherous sister Judah followed her example; if after the Lord divorced Israel (by Captivity & Exile), still Judah persisted in her immorality & vileness without shame or fear; but pretended to be a faithful wife. The Lord decides & declares that immoral Israel is only half as bad as treacherous Judah; so He tells Jeremiah to invite Israel to return in repentance to the Lord Who is merciful and no longer angry with her as with Judah. If Israel returns repentant then the Lord will return them from exile to Zion: “and I will give you shepherds according to My Heart, who shall feed you with knowledge and understanding. And it shall come to pass, when ye are multiplied and increased in the land, in those days, saith Jehovah, they shall say no more, The Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah; neither shall it come to mind; neither shall they remember it; neither shall they miss it; neither shall it be made any more. At that time they shall call Jerusalem the Throne of Jehovah; and all the Nations (Gentiles) shall be gathered unto it, to the Name of Jehovah, to Jerusalem: neither shall they walk any more after the stubbornness of their evil heart. In those days the House of Judah shall walk with the House of Israel, and they shall come together out of the land of the north to the Land that I gave for an inheritance unto your fathers. But I said, How I will put thee among the children, and give thee a pleasant land, a goodly heritage of the hosts of the nations (Gentiles)! and I said, Ye shall call me My Father, and shall not turn away from following Me. Surely as a wife treacherously departeth from her husband, so have ye dealt treacherously with Me, O House of Israel, saith Jehovah. A voice is heard upon the bare heights, the weeping [and] the supplications of the children of Israel; because they have perverted their way, they have forgotten Jehovah their God. Return, ye backsliding children, I will heal your backslidings.” Behold, we are come unto Thee; for Thou art Jehovah our God. In the Lord God is Israel’s Salvation. The return to the Lord will be a restoration to the land with the Lord as King, and the Gentiles will in Him be blessed & glory: If the Jews of Jerusalem & Judah become a good soil, with hearts for the Lord; but if not, the Lord’s Fire will consume them. Let this news be made known that: let everyone go & hide from the northern invader, the destroying lion; and cry aloud at the Lord’s Fury that will break the heart of all: kings, princes, priests, & prophets. Jeremiah tells the Lord that He has deceived the Jews with peace, though He determines to destroy; it will be as a hot desert wind to afflict them in judgment. The invader will come destructive speed; if they would just cleanse themselves He would save them from doom. News in Dan & Ephraim to the Gentiles to come against the Jews, as field workers they come because of wickedness. I am in great anxiety at the coming war; total destruction & devastation of the land & the people; how long will it take before war news end. The Jews are children that are foolish, ignorant, & spoiled: stupid to do good, wise to do evil. Vision of Judgment on the Model of Creation Week of Genesis Chapters 1 & 2 : “I beheld the earth, and, lo, it was waste and void; and the heavens, and they had no light. I beheld the mountains, and, lo, they trembled, and all the hills moved to and fro. I beheld, and, lo, there was no man, and all the birds of the heavens were fled. I beheld, and, lo, the fruitful field was a wilderness, and all the cities thereof were broken down at the presence of Jehovah, [and] before His Fierce Anger. For thus saith Jehovah, The whole land shall be a desolation; yet will I not make a full end. For this shall the earth mourn, and the heavens above be black; because I have spoken it, I have purposed it, and I have not repented, neither will I turn back from it. Every city fleeth for the noise of the horsemen and bowmen; they go into the thickets, and climb up upon the rocks: every city is forsaken, and not a man dwelleth therein. And thou, when thou art made desolate, what wilt thou do? Though thou clothest thyself with scarlet, though thou deckest thee with ornaments of gold, though thou enlargest thine eyes with paint, in vain dost thou make thyself fair; [thy] lovers despise thee, they seek thy life. For I have heard a voice as of a woman in travail, the anguish as of her that bringeth forth her first child, the voice of the Daughter of Zion, that gaspeth for breath, that spreadeth her hands, [saying], Woe is me now! for my soul fainteth before the murderers.”
The prophecy continues: “Run ye to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, and know, and seek in the broad places thereof, if ye can find a man, if there be any that doeth justly, that seeketh truth; and I will pardon her. And though they say, As Jehovah liveth; surely they swear falsely.” Jeremiah prays concerning their unrepentant stubbornness & apostasy. He goes to the common people, but they are unchanged; he goes the nobles thinking they know the Lord’s Way, but they are worse. Therefore wild animals assault them. The Lord cannot pardon them in their apostasy of idolatry, adultery, & harlotry; they line up at the whore’s tent, like wild lusting adulteress horses. The Lord must avenge Himself of such a nation; go destroy her, but not completely, they are not the Lord’s. Both Houses of Israel & Judah are treacherous against the Lord; they deny the Lord & His Judgment; the prophets are empty; their speech shall devour them. The Lord will bring the invader, a nation distant, terrible, ancient & strange, against the House of Israel; and they will kill & destroy indiscriminately; yet I will not make a full end of you. Then you will say: Why is He doing this to us? Tell them: because of your adultery & idolatry. Declare to the House of Jacob & Judah: foolish & stupid people, blind & deaf; will you not fear Me the Creator & Manager of all things; will you continue in your rebellion, unrepentant, heartless, godless, sinful, wicked, murders; liars & deceivers, rich & powerful, greedy & fat; pros at wickedness, oppressors of the poor in justice. The Lord’s soul will be avenged on such a depraved nation, full of lying prophets, and avarice priests, and people who love it that way.
The prophecy continues & concludes: Benjaminites run from Jerusalem, blow trumpets in Tekoa (about 6 miles S of Bethlehem); raise signals in Beth-haccherim (about 5 miles W of Jerusalem); doom comes from the north to destroy delicate Zion. Her city will be pasteurs for shepherds with flocks; make war against her day & night; destroy the city which is a well of wickedness & violence. Learn Jerusalem not to alienate the Lord’s Soul, that desolation be avoided; the remnant of Israel will be gleaned as vine. Their uncircumcised ears cannot hear; the Lord’s Word is a reproach & despised; so I am fed up, I’ll destroy everything; they all covet & deceive, including the prophet & priest: healing with words of false peace; shameless & despicable; they are damned. Seek the old ways & paths of goodness & rest; you refuse the watchmen’s warnings, so the evil that the Lord brings will match their thoughts & deeds in rejection of the Lord’s Word & Law. Why do you worship Me with such rare & costly gifts, that I despise? The Lord will cause all of you to fall & perish; even by the northern warring conquering invaders; like a pregnant woman be troubled in travail in your dilemma & doom. Jeremiah is a Tester & Fortress of Israel the corrupt rebellious people; unrefinable refuse rejected by the Lord.

The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah (chapter 7): “Stand in the gate of Jehovah’s House, and proclaim there this Word, and say, Hear the Word of Jehovah, all ye of Judah, that enter in at these gates to worship Jehovah. Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, Amend your ways and your doings, and I will cause you to dwell in this Place. Trust ye not in lying words, saying, The Temple of Jehovah, the Temple of Jehovah, the Temple of Jehovah, are these. For if ye thoroughly amend your ways and your doings; if ye thoroughly execute justice between a man and his neighbor; if ye oppress not the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this Place, neither walk after other `gods` to your own hurt: then will I cause you to dwell in this Place, in the land that I gave to your fathers, from of old even for evermore. Behold, ye trust in lying words, that cannot profit. Will ye steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense unto Baal, and walk after other `gods` that ye have not known, and come and stand before Me in this House, which is called by My Name, and say, We are delivered; that ye may do all these abominations? Is this House, which is called by My Name, become a Den of Robbers in your eyes? Behold, I, even I, have seen it, saith Jehovah. But go ye now unto My Place which was in Shiloh, where I caused My Name to dwell at the first, and see what I did to it for the wickedness of My people Israel. And now, because ye have done all these works, saith Jehovah, and I spake unto you, rising up early and speaking, but ye heard not; and I called you, but ye answered not: therefore will I do unto the House which is called by My Name, wherein ye trust, and unto the place which I gave to you and to your fathers, as I did to Shiloh. And I will cast you out of My Sight, as I have cast out all your brethren, even the whole Seed of Ephraim. Therefore pray not thou for this People, neither lift up cry nor prayer for them, neither make intercession to Me; for I will not hear thee. Seest thou not what they do in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem? The children gather wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead the dough, to make cakes to the Queen of Heaven, and to pour out drink-offerings unto other `gods`, that they may provoke Me to anger. Do they provoke Me to anger? saith Jehovah; [do they] not [provoke] themselves, to the confusion of their own faces? Therefore thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Behold, Mine Anger and My Wrath shall be poured out upon this Place, upon man, and upon beast, and upon the trees of the field, and upon the fruit of the ground; and it shall burn, and shall not be quenched. Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: Add your burnt-offerings unto your sacrifices, and eat ye flesh. For I spake not unto your fathers, nor commanded them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt-offerings or sacrifices: but this thing I commanded them, saying, Hearken unto My Voice, and I will be your God, and ye shall be My People; and walk ye in all the Way that I command you, that it may be well with you. But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in [their own] counsels [and] in the stubbornness of their evil heart, and went backward, and not forward. Since the day that your fathers came forth out of the land of Egypt unto this day, I have sent unto you all My Servants the Prophets, daily rising up early and sending them: yet they hearkened not unto Me, nor inclined their ear, but made their neck stiff: they did worse than their fathers. And thou shalt speak all these words unto them; but they will not hearken to thee: thou shalt also call unto them; but they will not answer thee. And thou shalt say unto them, This is the nation that hath not hearkened to the Voice of Jehovah their God, nor received instruction: truth is perished, and is cut off from their mouth.” Cut yur hair Jerusalem, and lament that the Lord has rejected & doomed yu; because yu have polluted His House, and erected the High Places of Topheth in the Valley of Ben Hinnom (couple miles south of Jerusalem where disgusting sacrifices were offered & burnt in fire their children to Moloch); but it soon will be the Valley of Slaughter where their slaughtered dead will have no place to be buried, but will be feasts to the birds & beasts; Jerusalem wasted & quiet. The prophecy continues: The Jerusalem’s Jews will be slaughtered, their bones will be left in the open as dung; the tiny remnant will seek death; men fall & get up, they learn from it; the Lord’s people never learn from judgment, they always persist in evil; He listened but found no honest or good person; they are more stupid than animals. They boast in wisdom of the Lord’s Law by lying scribes; they have no peace, but are shameless in abominations; they are damned to doom; a barren land. They run & hide from the Lord’s calamity because of their sins; they are hopeless. The invader comes through Dan to conquer; they cry for comfort from their King, but the Lord rejects them to the snakes: “The harvest is past, the summer is ended, and we are not saved.” Is there no help or healing from Gilead of Reuben & Gad across the Jordan River; no medical doctor to visit. The Lord as Messiah in Jeremiah continues: “‘Oh that My Head were waters, and Mine Eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of the Daughter of My People! Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging-place of wayfaring men; that I might leave My People, and go from them! for they are all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous men. And they bend their tongue, [as it were] their bow, for falsehood; and they are grown strong in the land, but not for truth: for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not Me`, saith Jehovah.” Neighbors & kin are treacherous to each other, evil liars, decievers; the Lord will refine them; they are hypocrites & thugs. The Lord will visit them with judgment; the land will grieve for them; Jerusalem & Judah devastated. Let the scholar & prophet explain why this judgment: ” And Jehovah saith, `Because they have forsaken My Law which I set before them, and have not obeyed My Voice, neither walked therein, but have walked after the stubbornness of their own heart, and after the Baalim, which their fathers taught them`; therefore thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, `Behold, I will feed them, even this people, with wormwood, and give them water of gall to drink. I will scatter them also among the Nations (Gentiles), whom neither they nor their fathers have known; and I will send the sword after them, till I have consumed them.`” Let the women mourn & cry in Zion for the total ruin; the Lord tells them to teach a lamentation for the slaughter. ” Thus saith Jehovah, `Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might, let not the rich man glory in his riches; but let him that glorieth glory in this, that he hath understanding, and knoweth Me, that I am Jehovah who exerciseth lovingkindness, justice, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these things I delight`, saith Jehovah.`” The Lord will soon punish the uncircumcised Gentiles (Egypt, Edom, Ammonites, Moabites) & the Jews (Judah) of uncircumcised hearts.
The Lord continues to the House of Israel (chapter 10): “` Learn not the way of the Nations (Gentiles), and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the Nations (Gentiles) are dismayed at them. For the customs of the peoples are vanity; for one cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman with the axe. They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not. They are like a palm-tree, of turned work, and speak not: they must needs be borne, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither is it in them to do good.`” Then Jeremiah in spirit prays & says: “`There is none like unto Thee, O Jehovah; Thou art Great, and Thy Name is Great in Might. Who should not fear Thee, O King of the Nations (Gentiles)? for to Thee doth it appertain; forasmuch as among all the wise men of the Nations (Gentiles), and in all their royal estate, there is none like unto thee.` But they are together brutish and foolish: the instruction of idols! it is but a stock. There is silver beaten into plates, which is brought from Tarshish, and gold from Uphaz, the work of the artificer and of the hands of the goldsmith; blue and purple for their clothing; they are all the work of skilful men. But Jehovah is the True God; He is the Living God, and an Everlasting King: at His Wrath the earth trembleth, and the Nations (Gentiles) are not able to abide His Indignation.`” The Lord to Jeremiah: “Thus shall ye (Messiah, Jeremiah, & the Jews) say unto them, `The `gods` that have not made the heavens and the earth, these shall perish from the earth, and from under the heavens.` `He hath made the earth by His Power, He hath established the world by His Wisdom, and by His Understanding hath He stretched out the heavens: when He uttereth His Voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens, and He causeth the vapors to ascend from the ends of the earth; He maketh lightnings for the rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of His Treasuries.` `Every man is become brutish [and is] without knowledge; every goldsmith is put to shame by his graven image; for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them. They are vanity, a work of delusion: in the time of their visitation they shall perish. The Portion of Jacob is not like these; for He is the Former of all things; and Israel is the Tribe of His Inheritance: Jehovah of Hosts is His Name.` `Gather up thy wares out of the land, O thou that abidest in the siege`. For thus saith Jehovah, `Behold, I will sling out the inhabitants of the land at this time, and will distress them, that they may feel [it].`” The Messianic Spirit in Jeremiah responds: “` Woe is Me because of My hurt! My Wound is grievous: but I said, Truly this is [My] Grief, and I must bear it. My Tent is destroyed, and all My Cords are broken: My Children are gone forth from Me, and they are not: there is none to spread My Tent any more, and to set up My Curtains. For the shepherds are become brutish, and have not inquired of Jehovah: therefore they have not prospered, and all their flocks are scattered. The voice of tidings, behold, it cometh, and a great commotion out of the north country, to make the cities of Judah a desolation, a dwelling-place of jackals. `O Jehovah, I know that the way of man is not in himself: it is not in man that walketh to direct his steps. O Jehovah, correct Me, but in measure: not in Thine Anger, lest thou bring Me to nothing. Pour out Thy Wrath upon the Nations (Gentiles) that know Thee not, and upon the families that call not on Thy Name: for they have devoured Jacob, yea, they have devoured him and consumed him, and have laid waste his habitation.`”
The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah: Let the Jews listen up: “`Cursed be the man that heareth not the Words of this Covenant, which I commanded your fathers in the day that I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the Iron Furnace, saying, Obey My Voice, and do them, according to all which I command you: so shall ye be My People, and I will be your God; that I may establish the Oath which I sware unto your Fathers, to give them a Land flowing with milk and honey, as at this day.`” Jeremiah responds: ‘Amen, Lord’; the Lord tells him to proclaim to the Jews: ‘comply with the words of the Covenant; obey My Voice as I commanded in the Exodus from Egypt, but they obeyed not, but have always been stubborn in heart; so I have punished according to the Words of the Covenant.’ The Lord tells Jeremiah: the Jews have a conspiracy: they’ve returned to their forefather’s iniquities, refusing to obey, idolaters, covenant breakers; the Lord will bring inescapable tragedy; they’ll cry to their idols to no avail. The Jew’s idols & idol altars number as Judah’s cities & Jerusalem’s streets. Pray not or cry not for these Jews, because I will not hear hear their prayer in their trouble. Why is my Beloved in My House, since she is always lewd & rejoices in evil. The Lord called your name: Green Olive-Tree, healthy & fruitful, but with a loud noise & fire He burns your broken branches. The Lord planted, but now pronounce evil against the evil House of Israel & of Judah in offering incense to Baal. The Lord reveals to Jeremiah to know & see their deeds. Jeremiah cries: “I was like a gentle lamb that is led to the slaughter; and I knew not that they had devised devices against me, [saying],Let us destroy the tree with the fruit thereof, and let us cut him off from the land of the living, that his name may be no more remembered. But, O Jehovah of Hosts, Who judgest righteously, Who triest the heart and the mind, I shall see Thy Vengeance on them; for unto Thee have I revealed my cause. Therefore thus saith Jehovah concerning the men of Anathoth, that seek thy life, saying, Thou shalt not prophesy in the name of Jehovah, that thou die not by our hand; therefore thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, Behold, I will punish them: the young men shall die by the sword; their sons and their daughters shall die by famine; and there shall be no remnant unto them: for I will bring evil upon the men of Anathoth, even the year of their visitation.” Jeremiah prays: Lord, Yu are righteous, I contend & reason with Yu: why do the wicked prosper, & the treacherous at ease? Yu planted them, they took root,they grow, & yield fruit: Yu are near in their mouth, but far from their heart. “But thou, O Jehovah, knowest me; thou seest me, and triest my heart toward thee: pull them out like sheep for the slaughter, and prepare them for the day of slaughter. How long shall the land mourn, and the herbs of the whole country wither? for the wickedness of them that dwell therein, the beasts are consumed, and the birds; because they said, He shall not see our latter end. “If thou hast run with the footmen, and they have wearied thee, then how canst thou contend with horses? and though in a land of peace thou art secure, yet how wilt thou do in the pride of the Jordan? For even thy brethren, and the house of thy father, even they have dealt treacherously with thee; even they have cried aloud after thee: believe them not, though they speak fair words unto thee. I have forsaken My House; I have cast off My Heritage; I have given the dearly Beloved of My Soul into the hand of her enemies. My Heritage is become unto Me as a lion in the forest: she hath uttered her voice against Me; therefore I have hated her. Is My Heritage unto me as a speckled bird of prey? are the birds of prey against her round about? go ye, assemble all the beasts of the field, bring them to devour. Many shepherds have destroyed My Vineyard, they have trodden My Portion under foot, they have made My pleasant Portion a desolate wilderness. They have made it a desolation; it mourneth unto me, being desolate; the whole land is made desolate, because no man layeth it to heart. Destroyers are come upon all the bare heights in the wilderness; for the Sword of Jehovah devoureth from the one end of the land even to the other end of the land: no flesh hath peace. They have sown wheat, and have reaped thorns; they have put themselves to pain, and profit nothing: and ye shall be ashamed of your fruits, because of the fierce anger of Jehovah. Thus saith Jehovah against all Mine evil neighbors, that touch the Inheritance which I have caused My people Israel to inherit: behold, I will pluck them up from off their land, and will pluck up the House of Judah from among them. And it shall come to pass, after that I have plucked them up, I will return and have compassion on them; and I will bring them again, every man to his heritage, and every man to his land. And it shall come to pass, if they will diligently learn the ways of My People, to swear by My Name, As Jehovah liveth; even as they taught My People to swear by Baal; then shall they be built up in the midst of My People. But if they will not hear, then will I pluck up that nation, plucking up and destroying it, saith Jehovah.”

The Lord tells Jeremiah to buy a linen girdle not soaked in water to gird his waist (chapter 13); & he does so. The Word of the Lord came to Jeremiah the 2nd time, saying: Take the newly bought girdle that is around yur waist; go to the Euphrates River (some 500 miles away), and hide it there in a cleft of the rock; and he did so. After many days the Lord tells him to return to the the Euphrates River and retrieve the girdle from where yu hid it. So he went and dugout the girdle; but it was deformed & useless. “Then the Word of Jehovah came unto me, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, After this manner will I mar the pride of Judah, and the great pride of Jerusalem. This evil people, that refuse to hear My Words, that walk in the stubbornness of their heart, and are gone after other `gods` to serve them, and to worship them, shall even be as this girdle, which is profitable for nothing. For as the girdle cleaveth to the loins of a man, so have I caused to cleave unto Me the whole House of Israel and the whole House of Judah, saith Jehovah; that they may be unto Me for a People, and for a Name, and for a Praise, and for a Glory: but they would not hear.” Tell them the Lord says every bottle shall be filled with wine; and they’ll reply, we know it. Tell them the Lord says: “Behold, I will fill all the inhabitants of this land, even the kings that sit upon David’s Throne, and the priests, and the prophets, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, with drunkenness. And I will dash them one against another, even the fathers and the sons together, saith Jehovah: I will not pity, nor spare, nor have compassion, that I should not destroy them.” Listen without pride to the Lord’s message: Give Him glory before He cause darkness, before you stumble on the dark mountains, before He turn the light to the shadow of death & gross darkness. But if you listen not, I will weep in secret for that pride; I will greatly cry with tears, because the Lord’s flock is captured. Say to the King & the Queen-Mother: humble yourselves, sit down, your head-dress is removed, the crown of glory. The cities of the south are shut not to be opened; all Judah is exiled; look to the north: where are yur beautiful flock? What will yu say when He sets as yur head those yu made yur friends, as the sorrows of a pregnant woman. “And if thou say in thy heart, Wherefore are these things come upon me? for the greatness of thine iniquity are thy skirts uncovered, and thy heels suffer violence. Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots? then may ye also do good, that are accustomed to do evil. Therefore will I scatter them, as the stubble that passeth away, by the wind of the wilderness. This is thy lot, the portion measured unto thee from Me, saith Jehovah; because thou hast forgotten Me, and trusted in falsehood. Therefore will I also uncover thy skirts upon thy face, and thy shame shall appear. I have seen thine abominations, even thine adulteries, and thy neighings, the lewdness of thy whoredom, on the hills in the field. Woe unto thee, O Jerusalem! thou wilt not be made clean; how long shall it yet be?”
“The Word of Jehovah that came to Jeremiah concerning the Drought: Judah mourneth, and the gates thereof languish, they sit in black upon the ground; and the cry of Jerusalem is gone up. And their nobles send their little ones to the waters: they come to the cisterns, and find no water; they return with their vessels empty; they are put to shame and confounded, and cover their heads. Because of the ground which is cracked, for that no rain hath been in the land, the plowmen are put to shame, they cover their heads. Yea, the hind also in the field calveth, and forsaketh [her young], because there is no grass. And the wild asses stand on the bare heights, they pant for air like jackals; their eyes fail, because there is no herbage. Though our iniquities testify against us, work thou for Thy Name’s sake, O Jehovah; for our backslidings are many; we have sinned against Thee. O Thou Hope of Israel, the Saviour thereof in the time of trouble, why shouldest Thou be as a Sojourner in the land, and as a Wayfaring Man that turneth aside to tarry for a night? Why shouldest Thou be as a Man affrighted, as a Mighty Man that cannot save? yet Thou, O Jehovah, art in the midst of us, and we are called by Thy Name; leave us not. Thus saith Jehovah unto this People, Even so have they loved to wander; they have not refrained their feet: therefore Jehovah doth not accept them; now will He remember their iniquity, and visit their sins. And Jehovah said unto me, Pray not for this People for [their] good. When they fast, I will not hear their cry; and when they offer burnt-offering and meal-offering, I will not accept them; but I will consume them by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence. Then said I, Ah, Lord Jehovah! behold, the prophets say unto them, Ye shall not see the sword, neither shall ye have famine; but I will give you assured peace in this place. Then Jehovah said unto me, The prophets prophesy lies in My Name; I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spake I unto them: they prophesy unto you a lying vision, and divination, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of their own heart. Therefore thus saith Jehovah concerning the prophets that prophesy in My Name, and I sent them not, yet they say, Sword and famine shall not be in this Land: By sword and famine shall those prophets be consumed. And the people to whom they prophesy shall be cast out in the streets of Jerusalem because of the famine and the sword; and they shall have none to bury them –them, their wives, nor their sons, nor their daughters: for I will pour their wickedness upon them. And thou shalt say this word unto them, Let mine eyes run down with tears night and day, and let them not cease; for the Virgin Daughter of My People is broken with a great breach, with a very grievous wound. If I go forth into the field, then, behold, the slain with the sword! and if I enter into the city, then, behold, they that are sick with famine! for both the prophet and the priest go about in the land, and have no knowledge. Hast Thou utterly rejected Judah? hath Thy soul loathed Zion? why hast Thou smitten us, and there is no healing for us? We looked for peace, but no good came; and for a time of healing, and, behold, dismay! We acknowledge, O Jehovah, our wickedness, and the iniquity of our fathers; for we have sinned against Thee. Do not abhor [us], for Thy Name’s sake; do not disgrace the Throne of Thy Glory: remember, break not Thy Covenant with us. Are there any among the vanities of the nations (Gentiles) that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? art not Thou He, O Jehovah our God? therefore we will wait for Thee; for Thou hast made all these things.”
“Then said Jehovah unto me, Though Moses and Samuel stood before Me, yet My Mind would not be toward this people: cast them out of My Sight, and let them go forth. And it shall come to pass, when they say unto thee, Whither shall we go forth? then thou shalt tell them, Thus saith Jehovah: Such as are for death, to death; and such as are for the sword, to the sword; and such as are for the famine, to the famine; and such as are for captivity, to captivity. And I will appoint over them four kinds, saith Jehovah: the sword to slay, and the dogs to tear, and the birds of the heavens, and the beasts of the earth, to devour and to destroy. And I will cause them to be tossed to and fro among all the kingdoms of the earth, because of Manasseh, the son of Hezekiah, king of Judah, for that which he did in Jerusalem. For who will have pity upon thee, O Jerusalem? or who will bemoan thee? or who will turn aside to ask of thy welfare? Thou hast rejected Me, saith Jehovah, thou art gone backward: therefore have I stretched out My Hand against thee, and destroyed thee; I am weary with repenting. And I have winnowed them with a fan in the gates of the land; I have bereaved [them] of children, I have destroyed My People; they returned not from their ways. Their widows are increased to Me above the sand of the seas; I have brought upon them against the mother of the young men a destroyer at noonday: I have caused anguish and terrors to fall upon her suddenly. She that hath borne seven languisheth; she hath given up the ghost; her sun is gone down while it was yet day; she hath been put to shame and confounded: and the residue of them will I deliver to the sword before their enemies, saith Jehovah. Woe is me, my mother, that thou hast borne me a man of strife and a man of contention to the whole earth! I have not lent, neither have men lent to me; [yet] every one of them doth curse me. Jehovah said, Verily I will strengthen thee for good; verily I will cause the enemy to make supplication unto thee in the time of evil and in the time of affliction. Can one break iron, even iron from the north, and brass? Thy substance and thy treasures will I give for a spoil without price, and that for all thy sins, even in all thy borders. And I will make [them] to pass with thine enemies into a land which thou knowest not; for a fire is kindled in Mine Anger, which shall burn upon you. O Jehovah, Thou knowest; remember me, and visit me, and avenge me of my persecutors; take me not away in Thy longsuffering: know that for Thy sake I have suffered reproach. Thy Words were found, and I did eat them; and Thy Words were unto me a joy and the rejoicing of my heart: for I am called by Thy Name, O Jehovah, God of Hosts. I sat not in the assembly of them that make merry, nor rejoiced; I sat alone because of Thy Hand; for Thou hast filled me with indignation. Why is my pain perpetual, and my wound incurable, which refuseth to be healed? wilt Thou indeed be unto me as a deceitful [brook], as waters that fail? Therefore thus saith Jehovah, If thou return, then will I bring thee again, that thou mayest stand before Me; and if thou take forth the precious from the vile, thou shalt be as My Mouth: they shall return unto thee, but thou shalt not return unto them. And I will make thee unto this people a fortified brazen wall; and they shall fight against thee, but they shall not prevail against thee; for I am with thee to save thee and to deliver thee, saith Jehovah. And I will deliver thee out of the hand of the wicked, and I will redeem thee out of the hand of the terrible.”
“The word of Jehovah came also unto me, saying, Thou shalt not take thee a wife, neither shalt thou have sons or daughters, in this Place. For thus saith Jehovah concerning the sons and concerning the daughters that are born in this place, and concerning their mothers that bare them, and concerning their fathers that begat them in this land: They shall die grievous deaths: they shall not be lamented, neither shall they be buried; they shall be as dung upon the face of the ground; and they shall be consumed by the sword, and by famine; and their dead bodies shall be food for the birds of the heavens, and for the beasts of the earth. For thus saith Jehovah, Enter not into the house of mourning, neither go to lament, neither bemoan them; for I have taken away My Peace from this People, saith Jehovah, even lovingkindness and tender mercies. Both great and small shall die in this Land; they shall not be buried, neither shall men lament for them, nor cut themselves, nor make themselves bald for them; neither shall men break [bread] for them in mourning, to comfort them for the dead; neither shall men give them the cup of consolation to drink for their father or for their mother. And thou shalt not go into the house of feasting to sit with them, to eat and to drink. For thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will cause to cease out of this Place, before your eyes and in your days, the voice of mirth and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride. And it shall come to pass, when thou shalt show this People all these Words, and they shall say unto thee, Wherefore hath Jehovah pronounced all this great evil against us? or what is our iniquity? or what is our sin that we have committed against Jehovah our God? Then shalt thou say unto them, Because your fathers have forsaken Me, saith Jehovah, and have walked after other `gods`, and have served them, and have worshipped them, and have forsaken Me, and have not kept My Law; and ye have done evil more than your fathers; for, behold, ye walk every one after the stubbornness of his evil heart, so that ye hearken not unto Me: therefore will I cast you forth out of this Land into the land that ye have not known, neither ye nor your fathers; and there shall ye serve other `gods` day and night; for I will show you no favor. Therefore, behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that it shall no more be said, As Jehovah liveth, that brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt; but, As Jehovah liveth, that brought up the children of Israel from the land of the north, and from all the countries whither he had driven them. And I will bring them again into their Land that I gave unto their fathers. Behold, I will send for many fishers, saith Jehovah, and they shall fish them up; and afterward I will send for many hunters, and they shall hunt them from every mountain, and from every hill, and out of the clefts of the rocks. For Mine Eyes are upon all their ways; they are not hid from My Face, neither is their iniquity concealed from Mine Eyes. And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double, because they have polluted My Land with the carcasses of their detestable things, and have filled Mine Inheritance with their abominations. O Jehovah, my Strength, and my Stronghold, and my Refuge in the day of affliction, unto Thee shall the nations (Gentiles) come from the ends of the earth, and shall say, Our fathers have inherited nought but lies, [even] vanity and things wherein there is no profit. Shall a man make unto himself `gods`, which yet are no `gods`? Therefore, behold, I will cause them to know, this once will I cause them to know My Hand and My Might; and they shall know that My Name is Jehovah.”
“The sin of Judah is written with a pen of iron, [and] with the point of a diamond: it is graven upon the tablet of their heart, and upon the horns of your altars; whilst their children remember their Altars and their Asherim by the green trees upon the high hills. O My Mountain in the field, I will give thy substance and all thy treasures for a spoil, [and] thy high places, because of sin, throughout all thy borders. And thou, even of thyself, shalt discontinue from thy Heritage that I gave thee; and I will cause thee to serve thine enemies in the land which thou knowest not: for ye have kindled a fire in Mine Anger which shall burn for ever. Thus saith Jehovah: Cursed is the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from Jehovah. For he shall be like the heath in the desert, and shall not see when good cometh, but shall inhabit the parched places in the wilderness, a salt land and not inhabited. Blessed is the man that trusteth in Jehovah, and whose trust Jehovah is. For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, that spreadeth out its roots by the river, and shall not fear when heat cometh, but its leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit. The heart is deceitful above all things, and it is exceedingly corrupt: who can know it? I, Jehovah, search the mind, I try the heart, even to give every man according to his ways, according to the fruit of his doings. As the partridge that sitteth on [eggs] which she hath not laid, so is he that getteth riches, and not by right; in the midst of his days they shall leave him, and at his end he shall be a fool. A Glorious Throne, [set] on high from the beginning, is the place of our Sanctuary. Jehovah, the Hope of Israel, all that forsake Thee shall be put to shame. They that depart from me (?) shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken Jehovah, the Fountain of Living Waters. Heal me, O Jehovah, and I shall be healed; save me, and I shall be saved: for Thou art my Praise. Behold, they say unto me, Where is the Word of Jehovah? let it come now. As for me, I have not hastened from being a Shepherd after Thee; neither have I desired the Woeful Day; thou knowest: that which came out of my lips was before Thy Face. Be not a Terror unto me: Thou art my Refuge in the day of evil. Let them be put to shame that persecute me, but let not me be put to shame; let them be dismayed, but let not me be dismayed; bring upon them the day of evil, and destroy them with double destruction. Thus said Jehovah unto me: Go, and stand in the gate of the children of the people, whereby the kings of Judah come in, and by which they go out, and in all the gates of Jerusalem; and say unto them, Hear ye the Word of Jehovah, ye kings of Judah, and all Judah, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, that enter in by these gates: Thus saith Jehovah, Take heed to yourselves, and bear no burden on the sabbath day, nor bring it in by the gates of Jerusalem; neither carry forth a burden out of your houses on the sabbath day, neither do ye any work: but hallow ye the sabbath day, as I commanded your fathers. But they hearkened not, neither inclined their ear, but made their neck stiff, that they might not hear, and might not receive instruction. And it shall come to pass, if ye diligently hearken unto Me, saith Jehovah, to bring in no burden through the gates of this city on the sabbath day, but to hallow the sabbath day, to do no work therein; then shall there enter in by the gates of this city kings and princes sitting upon the Throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, they, and their princes, the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and this City shall remain for ever. And they shall come from the cities of Judah, and from the places round about Jerusalem, and from the land of Benjamin, and from the lowland, and from the hill-country, and from the South, bringing burnt-offerings, and sacrifices, and meal-offerings, and frankincense, and bringing [sacrifices of] thanksgiving, unto the House of Jehovah. But if ye will not hearken unto Me to hallow the sabbath day, and not to bear a burden and enter in at the gates of Jerusalem on the sabbath day; then will I kindle a fire in the gates thereof, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, and it shall not be quenched.”

The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah (chapter 18): Go to the potter’s house to hear My Words: he went and the potter was at work on the wheels; the vessel he was working was marred in his hands; he remade the vessel as he pleased. The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah: “O House of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter? saith Jehovah. Behold, as the clay in the potter’s hand, so are ye in My Hand, O House of Israel. At what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up and to break down and to destroy it; if that nation, concerning which I have spoken, turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them. And at what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to build and to plant it; if they do that which is evil in My Sight, that they obey not My voice, then I will repent of the good, wherewith I said I would benefit them. Now therefore, speak to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith Jehovah: Behold, I frame evil against you, and devise a device against you: return ye now every one from his evil way, and amend your ways and your doings. But they say, It is in vain; for we will walk after our own devices, and we will do every one after the stubbornness of his evil heart. Therefore thus saith Jehovah: Ask ye now among the nations (Gentiles), who hath heard such things; the Virgin of Israel hath done a very horrible thing. Shall the snow of Lebanon fail from the rock of the field? [or] shall the cold waters that flow down from afar be dried up? For My People have forgotten Me, they have burned incense to false [`gods`]; and they have been made to stumble in their ways, in the ancient paths, to walk in bypaths, in a way not cast up; to make their Land an astonishment, and a perpetual hissing; every one that passeth thereby shall be astonished, and shake his head. I will scatter them as with an east wind before the enemy; I will show them the Back, and not the Face, in the day of their calamity. Then said they, Come, and let us devise devices against Jeremiah; for the law shall not perish from the priest, nor counsel from the wise, nor the word from the prophet. Come, and let us smite him with the tongue, and let us not give heed to any of his Words. Give heed to me, O Jehovah, and hearken to the voice of them that contend with me. Shall evil be recompensed for good? for they have digged a pit for my soul. Remember how I stood before Thee to speak good for them, to turn away Thy Wrath from them. Therefore deliver up their children to the famine, and give them over to the power of the sword; and let their wives become childless, and widows; and let their men be slain of death, [and] their young men smitten of the sword in battle. Let a cry be heard from their houses, when thou shalt bring a troop suddenly upon them; for they have digged a pit to take me, and hid snares for my feet. Yet, Jehovah, Thou knowest all their counsel against me to slay me; forgive not their iniquity, neither blot out their sin from thy sight; but let them be overthrown before thee; deal Thou with them in the time of Thine Anger.
The Lord tells Jeremiah to buy a potter’s earthen bottle; take some of the elders of the priests, and go to the Valley of the Son of Hinnom (BenHinnom), near the entrance to the Gate Harsith, and proclaim My Words, saying, “Hear ye the Word of Jehovah, O kings of Judah, and inhabitants of Jerusalem: thus saith Jehovah of Hosts,the God of Israel, Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, which whosoever heareth, his ears shall tingle. Because they have forsaken Me, and have estranged this Place, and have burned incense in it unto other `gods`, that they knew not, they and their fathers and the kings of Judah; and have filled this place with the blood of innocents, and have built the High Places of Baal, to burn their sons in the fire for burnt-offerings unto Baal; which I commanded not, nor spake it, neither came it into My Mind: therefore, behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that this place shall no more be called Topheth, nor the Valley of the Son of Hinnom (BenHinnom), but the Valley of Slaughter. And I will make void the counsel of Judah and Jerusalem in this Place; and I will cause them to fall by the sword before their enemies, and by the hand of them that seek their life: and their dead bodies will I give to be food for the birds of the heavens, and for the beasts of the earth. And I will make this City an astonishment, and a hissing; every one that passeth thereby shall be astonished and hiss because of all the plagues thereof. And I will cause them to eat the flesh of their sons and the flesh of their daughters; and they shall eat every one the flesh of his friend, in the siege and in the distress, wherewith their enemies, and they that seek their life, shall distress them. Then shalt thou break the bottle in the sight of the men that go with thee, and shalt say unto them, Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts: Even so will I break this People and this City, as one breaketh a potter’s vessel, that cannot be made whole again; and they shall bury in Topheth, till there be no place to bury. Thus will I do unto this Place, saith Jehovah, and to the Inhabitants thereof, even making this City as Topheth: and the Houses of Jerusalem, and the Houses of the kings of Judah, which are defiled, shall be as the place of Topheth, even all the Houses upon whose roofs they have burned incense unto all the host of heaven, and have poured out drink-offerings unto other `gods`. Then came Jeremiah from Topheth, whither Jehovah had sent him to prophesy; and he stood in the court of Jehovah’s House, and said to all the people: Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, Behold, I will bring upon this city and upon all its towns all the evil that I have pronounced against it; because they have made their neck stiff, that they may not hear My Words.”
Pashhur benImmer the Priest, Chief Officer in the Lord’s House, heard Jeremiah prophesying; he struck the Prophet Jeremiah, and put him in the stocks near the upper gate of Benjamin in the Lord’s House. The next day Passhur took Jeremiah out of the stocks: Jeremiah to him, “Jehovah hath not called thy name Pashhur, but Magor-missabib. For thus saith Jehovah, Behold, I will make thee a terror to thyself, and to all thy friends; and they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, and thine eyes shall behold it; and I will give all Judah into the hand of the King of Babylon, and he shall carry them captive to Babylon, and shall slay them with the sword. Moreover I will give all the riches of this City, and all the gains thereof, and all the precious things thereof, yea, all the treasures of the kings of Judah will I give into the hand of their enemies; and they shall make them a prey, and take them, and carry them to Babylon. And thou, Pashhur, and all that dwell in thy house shall go into Captivity; and thou shalt come to Babylon, and there thou shalt die, and there shalt thou be buried, thou, and all thy friends, to whom thou hast prophesied falsely. O Jehovah, Thou hast persuaded me, and I was persuaded; thou art stronger than I, and hast prevailed: I am become a laughing-stock all the day, every one mocketh me. For as often as I speak, I cry out; I cry, Violence and destruction! because the Word of Jehovah is made a reproach unto me, and a derision, all the day. And if I say, I will not make mention of Him, nor speak any more in His Name, then there is in my heart as it were a burning fire shut up in my bones, and I am weary with forbearing, and I cannot [contain]. For I have heard the defaming of many, terror on every side. Denounce, and we will denounce him, [say] all my familiar friends, they that watch for my fall; peradventure he will be persuaded, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him. But Jehovah is with me as a Mighty One [and] a Terrible: therefore my persecutors shall stumble, and they shall not prevail; they shall be utterly put to shame, because they have not dealt wisely, even with an everlasting dishonor which shall never be forgotten. But, O Jehovah of Hosts, that triest the righteous, that seest the heart and the mind, let me see thy vengeance on them; for unto thee have I revealed my cause. Sing unto Jehovah, praise ye Jehovah; for He hath delivered the soul of the needy from the hand of evil-doers. Cursed be the day wherein I was born: let not the day wherein my mother bare me be blessed. Cursed be the man who brought tidings to my father, saying, A man-child is born unto thee; making him very glad. And let that man be as the cities which Jehovah overthrew, and repented not: and let him hear a cry in the morning, and shouting at noontime; because he slew me not from the womb; and so my mother would have been my grave, and her womb always great. Wherefore came I forth out of the womb to see labor and sorrow, that my days should be consumed with shame?”
The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah when King Zedekiah sent to him Passhur benMalchijah, & Zephaniah benMaaseiah, the Priest saying: Inquire, please from the Lord for us; for the Nebuchadrezzar King of Babylon wars against us: perhaps the Lord will deal with us in all His wondrous works, to turn him away from us. Jeremiah said to them: Tell Zedekiah: ” Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, Behold, I will turn back the weapons of war that are in your hands, wherewith ye fight against the King of Babylon, and against the Chaldeans that besiege you, without the walls; and I will gather them into the midst of this City. And I Myself will fight against you with an Outstretched Hand and with a Strong Arm, even in anger, and in wrath, and in great indignation. And I will smite the inhabitants of this City, both man and beast: they shall die of a great pestilence. And afterward, saith Jehovah, I will deliver Zedekiah King of Judah, and his servants, and the people, even such as are left in this City from the pestilence, from the sword, and from the famine, into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar King of Babylon, and into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of those that seek their life: and he shall smite them with the edge of the sword; he shall not spare them, neither have pity, nor have mercy. And unto this people thou shalt say, Thus saith Jehovah: Behold, I set before you the way of life and the way of death. He that abideth in this City shall die by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence; but he that goeth out, and passeth over to the Chaldeans that besiege you, he shall live, and his life shall be unto him for a prey. For I have set My Face upon this City for evil, and not for good, saith Jehovah: it shall be given into the hand of the King of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire. And touching the House of the King of Judah, hear ye the Word of Jehovah: O House of David, thus saith Jehovah, Execute justice in the morning, and deliver him that is robbed out of the hand of the oppressor, lest My Wrath go forth like fire, and burn so that none can quench it, because of the evil of your doings. Behold, I am against thee, O inhabitant of the valley, [and] of the rock of the plain, saith Jehovah; you that say, Who shall come down against us? or who shall enter into our habitations? And I will punish you according to the fruit of your doings, saith Jehovah; and I will kindle a fire in her forest, and it shall devour all that is round about her.”

The Lord to Jeremiah (chapter 22): Go to the House of the King of Judah: speak these Words: say, Hear the Word of Jehovah, O King of Judah, that sittest upon the Throne of David, thou, and thy servants, and thy people that enter in by these gates. Thus saith Jehovah: Execute ye justice and righteousness, and deliver him that is robbed out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence, to the sojourner, the fatherless, nor the widow; neither shed innocent blood in this Place. For if ye do this thing indeed, then shall there enter in by the gates of this House kings sitting upon the Throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, he, and his servants, and his people. But if ye will not hear these Words, I swear by Myself, saith Jehovah, that this House shall become a desolation. For thus saith Jehovah concerning the House of the King of Judah: Thou art Gilead unto Me, [and] the Head of Lebanon; [yet] surely I will make thee a wilderness, [and] cities which are not inhabited. And I will prepare destroyers against thee, every one with his weapons; and they shall cut down thy choice cedars, and cast them into the fire. And many nations shall pass by this city, and they shall say every man to his neighbor, Wherefore hath Jehovah done thus unto this great city? Then they shall answer, Because they forsook the Covenant of Jehovah their God, and worshipped other `gods`, and served them. Weep ye not for the dead, neither bemoan him; but weep sore for him that goeth away; for he shall return no more, nor see his native country. For thus saith Jehovah touching Shallum the son of Josiah, King of Judah, who reigned instead of Josiah his father, [and] who went forth out of this place: He shall not return thither any more. But in the place whither they have led him captive, there shall he die, and he shall see this land no more. Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by injustice; that useth his neighbor’s service without wages, and giveth him not his hire; that saith, I will build me a wide house and spacious chambers, and cutteth him out windows; and it is ceiled with cedar, and painted with vermilion. Shalt thou reign, because thou strivest to excel in cedar? Did not thy father [Josiah] eat and drink, and do justice and righteousness? then it was well with him. He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well. Was not this to know Me? saith Jehovah. But thine eyes and thy heart are not but for thy covetousness, and for shedding innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence, to do it. Therefore thus saith Jehovah concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, King of Judah: they shall not lament for him, [saying], Ah my brother! or, Ah sister! They shall not lament for him, [saying] Ah lord! or, Ah his glory! He shall be buried with the burial of an ass, drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem. Go up to Lebanon, and cry; and lift up thy voice in Bashan, and cry from Abarim; for all thy lovers are destroyed. I spake unto thee in thy prosperity; but thou saidst, I will not hear. This hath been thy manner from thy youth, that thou obeyedst not My Voice. The wind shall feed all thy shepherds, and thy lovers shall go into Captivity: surely then shalt thou be ashamed and confounded for all thy wickedness. O inhabitant of Lebanon, that makest thy nest in the cedars, how greatly to be pitied shalt thou be when pangs come upon thee, the pain as of a woman in travail! As I live, saith Jehovah, though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were the Signet upon My Right Hand, yet would I pluck thee thence; and I will give thee into the hand of them that seek thy life, and into the hand of them of whom thou art afraid, even into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar King of Babylon, and into the hand of the Chaldeans. And I will cast thee out, and thy mother that bare thee, into another country, where ye were not born; and there shall ye die. But to the Land whereunto their soul longeth to return, thither shall they not return. Is this man Coniah a despised broken vessel? is he a vessel wherein none delighteth? wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, and are cast into the land which they know not? O earth, earth, earth, hear the Word of Jehovah. Thus saith Jehovah, Write ye this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days; for no more shall a man of his seed prosper, sitting upon the Throne of David, and ruling in Judah.”
The Prophecy continues: “Woe unto the shepherds that destroy and scatter the Sheep of My Pasture! saith Jehovah. Therefore thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, against the shepherds that feed [not] My People: Ye have scattered My Flock, and driven them away, and have not visited them; behold, I will visit upon you the evil of your doings, saith Jehovah. And I will gather the Remnant of My Flock out of all the countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them again to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and multiply. And I will set up shepherds over them, who shall feed them; and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall any be lacking, saith Jehovah. Behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will raise unto David a Righteous Branch, and He shall reign as King and deal wisely, and shall execute justice and righteousness in the land. In His days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely; and this is His Name whereby He shall be called: Jehovah our Righteousness. Therefore, behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that they shall no more say, As Jehovah liveth, who brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt; but, As Jehovah liveth, Who brought up and Who led the seed of the House of Israel out of the north country, and from all the countries whither I had driven them. And they shall dwell in their own Land. Concerning the prophets: My heart within me is broken, all my bones shake; I am like a drunken man, and like a man whom wine hath overcome, because of Jehovah, and because of His Holy Words. For the Land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the Land mourneth; the pastures of the wilderness are dried up. And their course is evil, and their might is not right; for both prophet and priest are profane; yea, in My House have I found their wickedness, saith Jehovah. Wherefore their way shall be unto them as slippery places in the darkness: they shall be driven on, and fall therein; for I will bring evil upon them, even the year of their visitation, saith Jehovah. And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria; they prophesied by Baal, and caused My People Israel to err. In the prophets of Jerusalem also I have seen a horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies; and they strengthen the hands of evil-doers, so that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them become unto Me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah. Therefore thus saith Jehovah of Hosts concerning the prophets: Behold, I will feed them with wormwood, and make them drink the water of gall; for from the prophets of Jerusalem is ungodliness gone forth into all the land. Thus saith Jehovah of hosts, Hearken not unto the words of the prophets that prophesy unto you: they teach you vanity; they speak a vision of their own heart, and not out of the Mouth of Jehovah. They say continually unto them that despise Me, Jehovah hath said, Ye shall have peace; and unto every one that walketh in the stubbornness of his own heart they say, No evil shall come upon you. For who hath stood in the council of Jehovah, that he should perceive and hear His Word? who hath marked My Word, and heard it? Behold, the Tempest of Jehovah, [even His] Wrath, is gone forth, yea, a whirling tempest: it shall burst upon the head of the wicked. The Anger of Jehovah shall not return, until He has executed, and till He has performed the intents of His Heart: in the latter days ye shall understand it perfectly. I sent not these prophets, yet they ran: I spake not unto them, yet they prophesied. But if they had stood in My Council, then had they caused My People to hear My Words, and had turned them from their evil way, and from the evil of their doings. Am I a God at hand, saith Jehovah, and not a God afar off? Can any hide himself in secret places so that I shall not see him? saith Jehovah. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith Jehovah. I have heard what the prophets have said, that prophesy lies in My Name, saying, I have dreamed, I have dreamed. How long shall this be in the heart of the prophets that prophesy lies, even the prophets of the deceit of their own heart that think to cause My People to forget My Name by their dreams which they tell every man to his neighbor, as their fathers forgat My Name for Baal. The prophet that hath a dream, let him tell a dream; and he that hath My Word, let him speak My Word faithfully. What is the straw to the wheat? saith Jehovah. Is not My Word like Fire? saith Jehovah; and like a Hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces? Therefore, behold, I am against the prophets, saith Jehovah, that steal My Words every one from his neighbor. Behold, I am against the prophets, saith Jehovah, that use their tongues, and say, He saith. Behold, I am against them that prophesy lying dreams, saith Jehovah, and do tell them, and cause My People to err by their lies, and by their vain boasting: yet I sent them not, nor commanded them; neither do they profit this people at all, saith Jehovah. And when this people, or the prophet, or a priest, shall ask thee, saying, What is the Burden of Jehovah? then shalt thou say unto them, What burden! I will cast you off, saith Jehovah. And as for the prophet, and the priest, and the people, that shall say, The Burden of Jehovah, I will even punish that man and his house. Thus shall ye say every one to his neighbor, and every one to his brother, What hath Jehovah answered? and, What hath Jehovah spoken? And the Burden of Jehovah shall ye mention no more: for every man’s own word shall be his burden; for ye have perverted the Words of the Living God, of Jehovah of Hosts our God. Thus shalt thou say to the prophet, What hath Jehovah answered thee? and, What hath Jehovah spoken? But if ye say, The Burden of Jehovah; therefore thus saith Jehovah: Because ye say this word, The Burden of Jehovah, and I have sent unto you, saying, Ye shall not say, The Burden of Jehovah; therefore, behold, I will utterly forget you, and I will cast you off, and the City that I gave unto you and to your fathers, away from My Presence: and I will bring an everlasting reproach upon you, and a perpetual shame, which shall not be forgotten.”

“Jehovah showed me (chapter 24), and, behold, two baskets of figs set before the Temple of Jehovah, after that Nebuchadrezzar King of Babylon had carried away captive Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, King of Judah, and the princes of Judah, with the craftsmen and smiths, from Jerusalem, and had brought them to Babylon. One basket had very good figs, like the figs that are first-ripe; and the other basket had very bad figs, which could not be eaten, they were so bad. Then said Jehovah unto me, What seest thou, Jeremiah? And I said, Figs; the good figs, very good; and the bad, very bad, that cannot be eaten, they are so bad. And the Word of Jehovah came unto me, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel: Like these good figs, so will I regard the captives of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place into the land of the Chaldeans, for good. For I will set Mine Eyes upon them for good, and I will bring them again to this Land: and I will build them, and not pull them down; and I will plant them, and not pluck them up. And I will give them a heart to know Me, that I am Jehovah: and they shall be My People, and I will be their God; for they shall return unto Me with their whole heart. And as the bad figs, which cannot be eaten, they are so bad, surely thus saith Jehovah, So will I give up Zedekiah the King of Judah, and his princes, and the residue of Jerusalem, that remain in this Land, and them that dwell in the land of Egypt, I will even give them up to be tossed to and fro among all the kingdoms of the earth for evil; to be a reproach and a proverb, a taunt and a curse, in all places whither I shall drive them. And I will send the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, among them, till they be consumed from off the Land that I gave unto them and to their fathers.”

The Word to Jeremiah (chapter 25) concerning all the People of Judah in the 4th year (or the 1st year of King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon) of Jehoiakim benJosiah, King of Judah: the Prophet Jeremiah spoke to all the People of Judah, & all the Inhabitants of Jerusalem: “From the thirteenth (13th) year of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, even unto this day, these three and twenty (23) years, the Word ofJehovah hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising up early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened. And Jehovah hath sent unto you all His Servants the Prophets, rising up early and sending them, (but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear,) saying, Return ye now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the Land that Jehovah hath given unto you and to your fathers, from of old and even for evermore; and go not after other `gods` to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the work of your hands; and I will do you no hurt. Yet ye have not hearkened unto Me, saith Jehovah; that ye may provoke Me to anger with the work of your hands to your own hurt. Therefore thus saith Jehovah of hosts: Because ye have not heard My Words, behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith Jehovah, and [I will send] unto Nebuchadrezzar the King of Babylon, My Servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations (Gentiles) round about; and I will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and a hissing, and perpetual desolations. Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the lamp. And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations (Gentiles) shall serve the King of Babylon `seventy years` (70 yrs). And it shall come to pass, when `seventy years` (70 yrs) are accomplished, that I will punish the King of Babylon, and that nation, saith Jehovah, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans; and I will make it desolate for ever. And I will bring upon that land all my words which I have pronounced against it, even all that is written in this Book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations (Gentiles). For many nations (Gentiles) and great kings shall make bondmen of them, even of them; and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the work of their hands. For thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, unto me: take this Cup of the Wine of Wrath at My Hand, and cause all the nations (Gentiles), to whom I send thee, to drink it. And they shall drink, and reel to and fro, and be mad, because of the sword that I will send among them. Then took I the Cup at Jehovah’s Hand, and made all the nations (Gentiles) to drink, unto whom Jehovah had sent me: [to wit], Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, a hissing, and a curse, as it is this day; Pharaoh King of Egypt, and his servants, and his princes, and all his people; and all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of the Uz, and all the kings of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Gaza, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod; Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon; and all the kings of Tyre, and all the kings of Sidon, and the kings of the isle which is beyond the sea; Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all that have the corners [of their hair] cut off; and all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mingled people that dwell in the wilderness; and all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes; and all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another; and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them. And thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: Drink ye, and be drunken, and spew, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you. And it shall be, if they refuse to take the Cup at thy hand to drink, then shalt thou say unto them, Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts: Ye shall surely drink. For, lo, I begin to work evil at the City which is called by My Name; and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished; for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith Jehovah of Hosts. Therefore prophesy thou against them all these Words, and say unto them, Jehovah will Roar from on High, and utter His Voice from his Holy Habitation; He will Mmightily Roar against His Fold; He will give a Shout, as they that tread [the grapes], against all the inhabitants of the earth. A noise shall come even to the end of the earth; for Jehovah hath a controversy with the nations (Gentiles); He will enter into judgment with all flesh: as for the wicked, He will give them to the sword, saith Jehovah. Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, Behold, evil shall go forth from nation to nation, and a great tempest shall be raised up from the uttermost parts of the earth. And the Slain of Jehovah shall be at that day from one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be Dung upon the face of the ground. Wail, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow [in ashes], ye principal of the flock; for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are fully come, and ye shall fall like a goodly vessel. And the shepherds shall have no way to flee, nor the principal of the flock to escape. A voice of the cry of the shepherds, and the wailing of the principal of the flock! for Jehovah layeth waste their pasture. And the peaceable folds are brought to silence because of the Fierce Anger of Jehovah. He hath left His Covert, as the Lion; for their land is become an astonishment because of the fierceness of the oppressing [sword], and because of His Fierce Anger.”

In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim benJosiah, King of Judah, the Lord’s Word to Jeremiah (chapter 26): “Stand in the Court of Jehovah’s House, and speak unto all the cities of Judah, which come to worship in Jehovah’s House, all the Words that I command thee to speak unto them; diminish not a Word. It may be they will hearken, and turn every man from his evil way; that I may repent Me of the evil which I purpose to do unto them because of the evil of their doings. And thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith Jehovah: If ye will not hearken to Me, to walk in My Law, which I have set before you, to hearken to the Words of My Servants the Prophets, whom I send unto you, even rising up early and sending them, but ye have not hearkened; then will I make this House like Shiloh, and will make this City a curse to all the nations (Gentiles) of the earth.” The Priests & the Prophets & all the People heard Jeremiah speaking these Words in the Lord’s House: when he finished speaking they lay hold on him, saying, ‘yu must die! Why did yu prophesy in the Lord’s Name that this House will be like Shiloh & this City desolate?’ The People were gathered to Jeremiah in the Lord’s House. The Princes of Judah heard & came from the King’s House to the Lord’s House sitting in the entry of the New Gate: the Priests & the Prophets said to the Princes & the People: ‘he deserves to die for his prophecy against this City.’ Jeremiah replied to the Princes & the People: ‘the Lord sent me to prophesy against this House & City with all the Words you have heard.’ Change your ways & works, obey the Lord’s Voice; that He may change the evil that He has pronounced against you. As for me, I am in your hand, do as you will; just remember that if you kill me, you are guilty of an innocent man’s blood, you & this City & all the occupants; for truly the Lord sent me to you to speak these Words. The Princes & the People said to the Priests & Prophets: ‘he does not deserve to die for speaking to us in the Lord’s God Name’. Certain Elders of the land spoke to the Assembly of the People: Micah the Morashite prophesied in the days of King Hezekiah of Judah, saying to the Jews: The Lord of Hosts says: “Zion shall be plowed as a field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps, and the mountainof the House as the High Places of a forest.” King Hezekiah of Judah & all Judah never put him to death; but with Fear of the Lord, he entreated for the Lord’s Favor; the Lord cancelled the Evil He determined against them: We too are about to be guilty. Also, a certain man prophesied in the Lord’s Name, Uriah benShemaiah of Kiriath-jearim, against this Land in like Words of Jeremiah. When King Jehoiakim, & his Mighty Men, & all the Princes, heard his words, the King tried to kill him; but Uriah in fear fled to Egypt. King Jehoiakim sent men to Egypt, with Elnathan benAchbor; and arrested Uriah, and brought him to King Jehoiakim, who slew him with the sword, and threw his carcass into the graves of the common people. But Ahikam benShaphan was with Jeremiah to preserve his life.
In the beginning of the reign of King Jehoiakim benJosiah of Judah, the Lord’s Word to Jeremiah: He said to me: “Make thee bonds and bars, and put them upon thy neck and send them to the King of Edom, and to the King of Moab, and to the King of the children of Ammon, and to the King of Tyre, and to the King of Sidon, by the hand of the messengers that come to Jerusalem unto Zedekiah King of Judah; and give them a charge unto their masters, saying, Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, Thus shall ye say unto your masters: I have made the earth, the men and the beasts that are upon the face of the earth, by My Great Power and by My Outstretched Arm; and I give it unto whom it seemeth right unto Me. And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the King of Babylon, My Servant; and the beasts of the field also have I given him to serve him. And all the nations (Gentiles) shall serve him, and his son, and his son’s son, until the time of his own land come: and then many nations (Gentiles) and great kings shall make him their bondman. And it shall come to pass, that the nation and the kingdom which will not serve the same Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon, and that will not put their neck under the yoke of the King of Babylon, that nation will I punish, saith Jehovah, with the sword, and with the famine, and with the pestilence, until I have consumed them by his hand. But as for you, hearken ye not to your prophets, nor to your diviners, nor to your dreams, nor to your soothsayers, nor to your sorcerers, that speak unto you, saying, Ye shall not serve the King of Babylon: for they prophesy a lie unto you, to remove you far from your land, and that I should drive you out, and ye should perish. But the nation that shall bring their neck under the yoke of the King of Babylon, and serve him, that [nation] will I let remain in their own land, saith Jehovah; and they shall till it, and dwell therein.” Jeremiah told King Zedekiah exactly these Words: Submit to the King of Babylon and live; reject the lies of the Prophets telling you in My Name not to submit; the Lord did not send them, but they will cause Me to destroy you. Jeremiah also told the Priests & the People: the Lord says not to listen to the Prophets prophesying the lie: The vessels of the Lord’s House shall soon return from Babylon. Don’t listen to their lies. These so-called Prophets claiming My Name, let them plead with Me not to let the remaining vessels in the Lord’s House, the King of Judah’s House, & what is in Jerusalem be taken to Babylon. Surely the pillars, sea-vessel, the bases, & the rest of the vessels in the City which King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon did not deport from Jerusalem to Babylon in the exile of Jeconiah benJehoiakim, King of Judah, & the the Nobles of Judah & Jerusalem, will be deported to Babylon, and remain there till I visit them, and return them to this Place.
The same year of the beginning of the reign of King Zedekiah of Judah, the 4them th year, 5th month, Hananiah benAzzur, the Prophet from Gibeon, told Jeremiah in the Lord’s House, in the presence of the Priests & People: The Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, says, “I have broken the yoke of the King of Babylon. Within two full years will I bring again into this Place all the vessels of Jehovah’s House, that Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon took away from this Place, and carried to Babylon: and I will bring again to this Place Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, King of Judah, with all the captives of Judah, that went to Babylon, saith Jehovah; for I will break the yoke of the King of Babylon.” Jeremiah immediately replied in all their presence: “Amen: Jehovah do so; Jehovah perform thy Words which thou hast prophesied, to bring again the vessels of Jehovah’s House, and all them of the Captivity, from Babylon unto this place. Nevertheless hear thou now this word that I speak in thine ears, and in the ears of all the people: The prophets that have been before me and before thee of old prophesied against many countries, and against great kingdoms, of war, and of evil, and of pestilence. The prophet that prophesieth of peace, when the word of the prophet shall come to pass, then shall the prophet be known, that Jehovah hath truly sent him.” Hananiah the Prophet removed the [wooden] bar from the Prophet Jeremiah’s neck & broke it, and said: the Lord says, so will I break the the yoke of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon within 2 full years off the neck of all the nations (Gentiles). Then the Prophet Jeremiah went his way. Then the Lord’s Word came to Jeremiah: “Go, and tell Hananiah, saying, Thus saith Jehovah: Thou hast broken the bars of wood; but thou hast made in their stead bars of iron. For thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: I have put a yoke of iron upon the neck of all these nations (Gentiles), that they may serve Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon; and they shall serve him: and I have given him the beasts of the field also. Then said the Prophet Jeremiah unto Hananiah the Prophet, Hear now, Hananiah: Jehovah hath not sent thee; but thou makest this People to trust in a lie. Therefore thus saith Jehovah, Behold, I will send thee away from off the face of the earth: this year thou shalt die, because thou hast spoken rebellion against Jehovah. So Hananiah the Prophet died the same year in the seventh month.”

Now these are the Words of the Letter the Prophet Jeremiah sent from Jerusalem to the rest of the Elders of the Captivity (chapter 29), to the Priests, the Prophets, & the People, whom Nebuchadnezzar exiled from Jerusalem to Babylon; (after King Jeconiah, the Queen-Mother, the Eunuchs, the Princes of Judah & Jerusalem, the Craftsmen, & the Smiths, were deported from Jerusalem,) by Elasah benShaphan, Gemariah benHilkiah, (whom King Zedekiah of Judah sent to Babylon to King Nebuchadnezzar) saying: “Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, unto all the Captivity, whom I have caused to be carried away captivefrom Jerusalem unto Babylon: Build ye houses, and dwell in them; and plant gardens, and eat the fruit of them. Take ye wives, and beget sons and daughters; and take wives for your sons, and give your daughters to husbands, that they may bear sons and daughters; and multiply ye there, and be not diminished. And seek the peace of the city whither I have caused you to be carried away captive, and pray unto Jehovah for it; for in the peace thereof shall ye have peace. For thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: Let not your prophets that are in the midst of you, and your diviners, deceive you; neither hearken ye to your dreams which ye cause to be dreamed. For they prophesy falsely unto you in My Name: I have not sent them, saith Jehovah. For thus saith Jehovah, After seventy (70) years are accomplished for Babylon, I will visit you, and perform My Good Word toward you, in causing you to return to this Place. For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith Jehovah, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you hope in your latter end. And ye shall call upon Me, and ye shall go and pray unto Me, and I will hearken unto you. And ye shall seek Me, and find Me, when ye shall search for Me with all your heart. And I will be found of you, saith Jehovah, and I will turn again your Captivity, and I will gather you from all the nations (Gentiles), and from all the places wither I have driven you, saith Jehovah; and I will bring you again unto the Place whence I caused you to be carried away captive. Because ye have said, Jehovah hath raised us up prophets in Babylon; thus saith Jehovah concerning the King that sitteth upon the Throne of David, and concerning all the people that dwell in this City, your brethren that are not gone forth with you into Captivity; thus saith Jehovah of Hosts; Behold, I will send upon them the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, and will make them like vile figs, that cannot be eaten, they are so bad. And I will pursue after them with the sword, with the famine, and with the pestilence, and will deliver them to be tossed to and fro among all the kingdoms of the earth, to be an execration, and an astonishment, and a hissing, and a reproach, among all the nations (Gentiles) whither I have driven them; because they have not hearkened to My Words, saith Jehovah, wherewith I sent unto them My Servants the Prophets, rising up early and sending them; but ye would not hear, saith Jehovah. Hear ye therefore the Word of Jehovah, all ye of the Captivity, whom I have sent away from Jerusalem to Babylon. Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, concerning Ahab the son of Kolaiah, and concerning Zedekiah the son of Maaseiah, who prophesy a lie unto you in My Name: Behold, I will deliver them into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar King of Babylon; and he shall slay them before your eyes; and of them shall be taken up a curse by all the captives of Judah that are in Babylon, saying, Jehovah make thee like Zedekiah and like Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire; because they have wrought folly in Israel, and have committed adultery with their neighbors’ wives, and have spoken words in My Name falsely, which I commanded them not; and I am He That knoweth, and am witness, saith Jehovah. And concerning Shemaiah the Nehelamite thou shalt speak, saying, Thus speaketh Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, saying, Because thou hast sent letters in thine own name unto all the people that are at Jerusalem, and to Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah, the priest, and to all the priests, saying, Jehovah hath made thee Priest in the stead of Jehoiada the Priest, that there may be officers in the House of Jehovah, for every man that is mad, and maketh himself a Prophet, that thou shouldest put him in the stocks and in shackles. Now therefore, why hast thou not rebuked Jeremiah of Anathoth, who maketh himself a Prophet to you, forasmuch as he hath sent unto us in Babylon, saying, [The Captivity] is long: build ye houses, and dwell in them; and plant gardens, and eat the fruit of them?” The Priest Zephaniah read this letter to the Prophet Jeremiah.
“Then came the word of Jehovah unto Jeremiah, saying, Send to all them of the Captivity, saying, Thus saith Jehovah concerning Shemaiah the Nehelamite: Because that Shemaiah hath prophesied unto you, and I sent him not, and he hath caused you to trust in a lie; therefore thus saith Jehovah, Behold, I will punish Shemaiah the Nehelamite, and his seed; he shall not have a man to dwell among this People, neither shall he behold the good that I will do unto My People, saith Jehovah, because he hath spoken rebellion against Jehovah.”

The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah (chapter 30): “Thus speaketh Jehovah, the God of Israel, saying, Write thee all the words that I have spoken unto thee in a book. For, lo, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will turn again the Captivity of My People Israel and Judah, saith Jehovah; and I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it. And these are the Words that Jehovah spake concerning Israel and concerning Judah. For thus saith Jehovah: We have heard a voice of trembling, of fear, and not of peace. Ask ye now, and see whether a man doth travail with child: wherefore do I see every man with his hands on his loins, as a woman in travail, and all faces are turned into paleness? Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob’s trouble; but he shall be saved out of it. And it shall come to pass in that day, saith Jehovah of Hosts, that I will break his yoke from off thy neck, and will burst thy bonds; and strangers shall no more make him their bondman; but they shall serve Jehovah their God, and David their King, whom I will raise up unto them. Therefore fear thou not, O Jacob My Servant, saith Jehovah; neither be dismayed, O Israel: for, lo, I will save thee from afar, and thy Seed from the land of their Captivity; and Jacob shall return, and shall be quiet and at ease, and none shall make him afraid. For I am with thee, saith Jehovah, to save thee: for I will make a full end of all the nations (Gentiles) whither I have scattered thee, but I will not make a full end of thee; but I will correct thee in measure, and will in no wise leave thee unpunished. For thus saith Jehovah, Thy hurt is incurable, and thy wound grievous. There is none to plead thy cause, that thou mayest be bound up: thou hast no healing medicines. All thy lovers have forgotten thee; they seek thee not: for I have wounded thee with the wound of an enemy, with the chastisement of a cruel one, for the greatness of thine iniquity, because thy sins were increased. Why criest thou for thy hurt? thy pain is incurable: for the greatness of thine iniquity, because thy sins were increased, I have done these things unto thee. Therefore all they that devour thee shall be devoured; and all thine adversaries, every one of them, shall go into Captivity; and they that despoil thee shall be a spoil, and all that prey upon thee will I give for a prey. For I will restore health unto thee, and I will heal thee of thy wounds, saith Jehovah; because they have called thee an Outcast, [saying], It is Zion, whom no man seeketh after. Thus saith Jehovah: Behold, I will turn again the Captivity of Jacob’s tents, and have compassion on his dwelling-places; and the city shall be builded upon its own hill, and the palace shall be inhabited after its own manner. And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving and the voice of them that make merry: and I will multiply them, and they shall not be few; I will also glorify them, and they shall not be small. Their children also shall be as aforetime, and their congregation shall be established before Me; and I will punish all that oppress them. And their prince shall be of themselves, and their ruler shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto Me: for who is he that hath had boldness to approach unto Me? saith Jehovah. And ye shall be My People, and I will be your God. Behold, the Tempest of Jehovah, [even His] Wrath, is gone forth, a sweeping tempest: it shall burst upon the head of the wicked. The Fierce Anger of Jehovah shall not return, until He have executed, and till He have performed the intents of His heart: in the Latter Days ye shall understand it.”
The Lord continues: “At that time, saith Jehovah, will I be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be My People. Thus saith Jehovah, The people that were left of the sword found favor in the wilderness; even Israel, when I went to cause him to rest. Jehovah appeared of old unto me [Israel & Judah, the Jews], [saying], Yea, I have loved thee with an everlasting love: therefore with lovingkindness have I drawn thee. Again will I build thee, and thou shalt be built, O Virgin of Israel: again shalt thou be adorned with thy tabrets, and shalt go forth in the dances of them that make merry. Again shalt thou plant vineyards upon the mountains of Samaria; the planters shall plant, and shall enjoy [the fruit thereof]. For there shall be a day, that the watchmen upon the hills of Ephraim shall cry, Arise ye, and let us go up to Zion unto Jehovah our God. For thus saith Jehovah, Sing with gladness for Jacob, and shout for the chief of the nations: publish ye, praise ye, and say, O Jehovah, save Thy People, the Remnant of Israel. Behold, I will bring them from the north country, and gather them from the uttermost parts of the earth, [and] with them the blind and the lame, the woman with child and her that travaileth with child together: a great company shall they return hither. They shall come with weeping; and with supplications will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by rivers of waters, in a straight way wherein they shall not stumble; for I am a Father to Israel, and Ephraim is My First-born. Hear the Word of Jehovah, O ye nations (Gentiles), and declare it in the isles afar off; and say, He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as Shepherd doth His Flock. For Jehovah hath ransomed Jacob, and redeemed him from the hand of him that was stronger than he. And they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall flow unto the Goodness of Jehovah, to the grain, and to the new wine, and to the oil, and to the young of the flock and of the herd: and their soul shall be as a watered garden; and they shall not sorrow any more at all. Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, and the young men and the old together; for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow. And I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness, and My People shall be satisfied with My Goodness, saith Jehovah. Thus saith Jehovah: A voice is heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping, Rachel weeping for her children; she refuseth to be comforted for her children, because they are not. Thus saith Jehovah: Refrain thy voice from weeping, and thine eyes from tears; for thy work shall be rewarded, saith Jehovah; and they shall come again from the land of the enemy. And there is hope for thy latter end, saith Jehovah; and [thy] children shall come again to their own border. I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself [thus], Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a calf unaccustomed [to the yoke]: turn Thou me, and I shall be turned; for Thou art Jehovah my God. Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth. Is Ephraim my dear son? is he a darling child? for as often as I speak against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore My Heart yearneth for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith Jehovah. Set thee up waymarks, make thee guide-posts; set thy heart toward the highway, even the way by which thou wentest: turn again, O Virgin of Israel, turn again to these thy cities. How long wilt thou go hither and thither, O thou Backsliding Daughter? for Jehovah hath created a new thing in the earth: a woman shall encompass a man. Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, Yet again shall they use this speech in the land of Judah and in the cities thereof, when I shall bring again their Captivity: Jehovah bless thee, O Habitation of Righteousness, O Mountain of Holiness. And Judah and all the cities thereof shall dwell therein together, the husbandmen, and they that go about with flocks. For I have satiated the weary soul, and every sorrowful soul have I replenished. Upon this I awaked, and beheld; and my sleep was sweet unto me. Behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will sow the House of Israel and the House of Judah with the seed of man, and with the seed of beast. And it shall come to pass that, like as I have watched over them to pluck up and to break down and to overthrow and to destroy and to afflict, so will I watch over them to build and to plant, saith Jehovah. In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children’s teeth are set on edge. But every one shall die for his own iniquity: every man that eateth the sour grapes, his teeth shall be set on edge. Behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will make a New Covenant with the House of Israel, and with the House of Judah: not according to the Covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which My Covenant they brake, although I was a Husband unto them, saith Jehovah. But this is the Covenant that I will make with the House of Israel after those days, saith Jehovah: I will put My Law in their inward parts, and in their heart will I write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My People: and they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know Jehovah; for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith Jehovah: for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin will I remember no more. Thus saith Jehovah, who giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, who stirreth up the sea, so that the waves thereof roar; Jehovah of Hosts is His Name: If these ordinances depart from before Me, saith Jehovah, then the Seed of Israel also shall cease from being a Nation before Me for ever. Thus saith Jehovah: If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, then will I also cast off all the Seed of Israel for all that they have done, saith Jehovah. Behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that the city shall be built to Jehovah from the Tower of Hananel unto the Gate of the Corner. And the measuring line shall go out further straight onward unto the Hill Gareb, and shall turn about unto Goah. And the whole valley of the dead bodies and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the Brook Kidron, unto the corner of the Horse Gate toward the east, shall be holy unto Jehovah; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever.”

The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah (chapter 32) in the 10th year of King Zedekiah of Judah, which was the 18th year of Nebuchadrezzar: The King of Babylon’s army was besieging Jerusalem; the Prophet Jeremiah was imprisoned in the Court of the Guard, which was in the King of Judah’s House; King Zedekiah jailed him saying, Why do yu prophesy: ‘The Lord says: I will surrender this City to the King of Babylon to capture. King Zedekiah will not escape from the Chaldeans; the King of Babylon will speak mouth to mouth, his eyes will look into his eyes; he will deport Zedekiah to Babylon, and there he’ll stay till I visit him; though you fight with the Chaldeans, you will not prosper’. Jeremiah: The Lord’s Word: ‘Hanamel benShallum, yur uncle, shall ask yu: Buy my field in Anathoth, for the right of redemption is yurs.’ Hanamel, my cousin, came to me in the Court of the Guard according to the Lord’s Word, to sell me the field in Anathoth of Benjamin according to the the right of inheritance & redemption.’ So I knew it was the Lord’s Word. I bought the property from my cousin Hanamel, I weighed the money, 17 silver shekels; I signed the deed, sealed it, called the witnesses, weighed the the money in the scales. I took the deed of purchase, the sealed one according to the law & custom, and the one which was open; I gave the deed of purchase to Baruch benNeriah, benMahseiah, in the presence of my cousin Hanamel & the witnesses who subscribed the deed of purchase, before all the Jews that sat in the Court of Guard. I charged Baruch before them: ‘The Lord of Hosts, Israel’s God, says: Take these deeds, the sealed deed of purchase, and the open one, put them in an earthen jar, that they may continue many days. For the Lord says: Houses & fields & vineyards shall again be purchased in this land.’
After I delivered the deed of purchase to Baruch benNeriah, I prayed to the Lord: “Ah Lord Jehovah! behold, Thou hast made the heavens and the earth by Thy great power and by Thine Outstretched Arm; there is nothing too hard for Thee, who showest lovingkindness unto thousands, and recompensest the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them; the Great, the Mighty God, Jehovah of Hosts is His Name; great in counsel, and mighty in work; Whose Eyes are open upon all the ways of the sons of men, to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings: Who didst set signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, even unto this day, both in Israel and among [other] men; and madest Thee a Name, as at this day; and didst bring forth Thy People Israel out of the land of Egypt with signs, and with wonders, and with a Strong Hand, and with an Outstretched Arm, and with Great Terror; and gavest them this Land, which Thou didst swear to their fathers to give them, a land flowing with milk and honey; and they came in, and possessed it, but they obeyed not Thy Voice, neither walked in Thy Law; they have done nothing of all that Thou commandedst them to do: therefore Thou hast caused all this evil to come upon them. Behold, the mounds, they are come unto the city to take it; and the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans that fight against it, because of the sword, and of the famine, and of the pestilence; and what Thou hast spoken is come to pass; and, behold, Thou seest it. And Thou hast said unto me, O Lord Jehovah, Buy thee the field for money, and call witnesses; whereas the City is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.”
The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah: “Behold, I am Jehovah, the God of All Flesh: is there anything too hard for Me? Therefore thus saith Jehovah: Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the Chaldeans, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar King of Babylon, and he shall take it: and the Chaldeans, that fight against this city, shall come and set this city on fire, and burn it, with the houses, upon whose roofs they have offered incense unto Baal, and poured out drink-offerings unto other `gods`, to provoke Me to anger. For the Children of Israel and the Children of Judah have done only that which was evil in My Sight from their youth; for the Children of Israel have only provoked Me to anger with the work of their hands, saith Jehovah. For this city hath been to Me a provocation of Mine Anger and of My Wrath from the day that they built it even unto this day; that I should remove it from before My Face, because of all the evil of the children of Israel and of the children of Judah, which they have done to provoke Me to anger, they, their kings, their princes, their priests, and their prophets, and the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And they have turned unto Me the back, and not the face: and though I taught them, rising up early and teaching them, yet they have not hearkened to receive instruction. But they set their abominations in the House which is called by My Name, to defile it. And they built the high places of Baal, which are in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through [the fire] unto Molech; which I commanded them not, neither came it into My Mind, that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin. And now therefore thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, concerning this city, whereof ye say, It is given into the hand of the King of Babylon by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence: Behold, I will gather them out of all the countries, whither I have driven them in Mine Anger, and in My Wrath, and in Great Indignation; and I will bring them again unto this place, and I will cause them to dwell safely: and they shall be My People, and I will be their God: and I will give them one heart and one way, that they may fear Me for ever, for the good of them, and of their children after them: and I will make an Everlasting Covenant with them, that I will not turn away from following them, to do them good; and I will put My Fear in their hearts, that they may not depart from Me. Yea, I will rejoice over them to do them good, and I will plant them in this Land assuredly with My Whole Heart and with My Whole Soul. For thus saith Jehovah: Like as I have brought all this great evil upon this People, so will I bring upon them all the good that I have promised them. And fields shall be bought in this land, whereof ye say, It is desolate, without man or beast; it is given into the hand of the Chaldeans. Men shall buy fields for money, and subscribe the deeds, and seal them, and call witnesses, in the land of Benjamin, and in the places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, and in the cities of the hill-country, and in the cities of the lowland, and in the cities of the South: for I will cause their Captivity to return, saith Jehovah.”

The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah (chapter 33), the 2nd time, while he was still imprisoned in the Court of the Guard: “Thus saith Jehovah That doeth it, Jehovah That formeth it to establish it; Jehovah is His Name. Call unto Me, and I will answer thee, and will show thee great things, and difficult, which thou knowest not. For thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, concerning the houses of this city, and concerning the houses of the kings of Judah, which are broken down [to make a defence] against the mounds and against the sword; while [men] come to fight with the Chaldeans, and to fill them with the dead bodies of men, whom I have slain in Mine Anger and in My Wrath, and for all whose wickedness I have hid My Face from this City: Behold, I will bring it health and cure, and I will cure them; and I will reveal unto them abundance of peace and truth. And I will cause the Captivity of Judah and the Captivity of Israel to return, and will build them, as at the first. And I will cleanse them from all their iniquity, whereby they have sinned against Me; and I will pardon all their iniquities, whereby they have sinned against Me, and whereby they have transgressed against Me. And [this City] shall be to Me for a Name of Joy, for a Praise and for a Glory, before all the nations (Gentiles) of the earth, which shall hear all the good that I do unto them, and shall fear and tremble for all the good and for all the peace that I procure unto it. Thus saith Jehovah: Yet again there shall be heard in this Place, whereof ye say, It is waste, without man and without beast, even in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, that are desolate, without man and without inhabitant and without beast, the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the voice of them that say, Give thanks to Jehovah of Hosts, for Jehovah is Good, for His Lovingkindness [endureth] for ever; [and of them] that bring [sacrifices of] thanksgiving into the House of Jehovah. For I will cause the Captivity of the land to return as at the first, saith Jehovah. Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts: Yet again shall there be in this place, which is waste, without man and without beast, and in all the cities thereof, a habitation of shepherds causing their flocks to lie down. In the cities of the hill-country, in the cities of the lowland, and in the cities of the South, and in the land of Benjamin, and in the places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, shall the flocks again pass under the hands of him that numbereth them, saith Jehovah. Behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will perform that Good Word which I have spoken concerning the House of Israel and concerning the House of Judah. In those days, and at that time, will I cause a Branch of Righteousness to grow up unto David; and He shall execute justice and righteousness in the land. In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely; and this is [the Name] whereby (she, He) shall be called: Jehovah our Righteousness. For thus saith Jehovah: David shall never want a man to sit upon the Throne of the House of Israel; neither shall the priests the Levites want a man before Me to offer burnt-offerings, and to burn meal-offerings, and to do sacrifice continually.”
The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah: “Thus saith Jehovah: If ye can break My Covenant of the day, and My Covenant of the night, so that there shall not be day and night in their season; then may also My Covenant be broken with David My Servant, that he shall not have a son to reign upon his Throne; and with the Levites the Priests, My Ministers. As the Host of Heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured; so will I multiply the Seed of David My Servant, and the Levites that minister unto Me.”
The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah: “Considerest thou not what this people have spoken, saying, The two families which Jehovah did choose, he hath cast them off? thus do they despise My People, that they should be no more a nation before them. Thus saith Jehovah: If My Covenant of day and night [stand] not, if I have not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth; then will I also cast away the Seed of Jacob, and of David My Servant, so that I will not take of his Seed to be rulers over the Seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: for I will cause their Captivity to return, and will have mercy on them.”

The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah (chapter 34) when King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, with his army, and the kingdoms of the earth subject to him, and all the peoples, fighting against Jerusalem and its cities: “The word which came unto Jeremiah from Jehovah, when Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and all his army, and all the kingdoms of the earth that were under his dominion, and all the peoples, were fighting against Jerusalem, and against all the cities thereof, saying: Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, Go, and speak to Zedekiah King of Judah, and tell him, Thus saith Jehovah, Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the King of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire: and thou shalt not escape out of his hand, but shalt surely be taken, and delivered into his hand; and thine eyes shall behold the eyes of the king of Babylon, and he shall speak with thee mouth to mouth, and thou shalt go to Babylon. Yet hear the word of Jehovah, O Zedekiah King of Judah: thus saith Jehovah concerning thee, Thou shalt not die by the sword; thou shalt die in peace; and with the burnings of thy fathers, the former kings that were before thee, so shall they make a burning for thee; and they shall lament thee, [saying], Ah Lord! for I have spoken the Word, saith Jehovah.” The Prophet Jeremiah spake all these Words unto King Zedekiah of Judah in Jerusalem, when the King of Babylon’s army was fighting against Jerusalem, and against all the cities of Judah that were left, against Lachish and against Azekah; for these [alone] remained of the cities of Judah [as] fortified cities.
The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah after King Zediakiah covenated with the Jerusalem residents to proclaim liberty to them: All male or female servants (slaves, bond-servants), a Hebrew or Hebrewess, (all Jews), to be free from bonds or acts or contracts of slavery, or perpetual servitude as brethren. The princes & the people agreed & entered into covenant to free, emancipate, or liberate their servants, (slaves), & handmaids. But afterwards they broke the covenant and reenslaved them, bringing them back to perpetual servitude. The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah: “Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel: I made a Covenant with your fathers in the day that I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the House of Bondage, saying, At the end of seven years ye shall let go every man his brother that is a Hebrew, that hath been sold unto thee, and hath served thee six years, thou shalt let him go free from thee: but your fathers hearkened not unto Me, neither inclined their ear. And ye were now turned, and had done that which is right in Mine Eyes, in proclaiming liberty every man to his neighbor; and ye had made a Covenant before Me in the House which is called by My Name: but ye turned and profaned My Name, and caused every man his servant, and every man his handmaid, whom ye had let go free at their pleasure, to return; and ye brought them into subjection, to be unto you for servants and for handmaids. Therefore thus saith Jehovah: ye have not hearkened unto Me, to proclaim liberty, every man to his brother, and every man to his neighbor: behold, I proclaim unto you a liberty, saith Jehovah, to the sword, to the pestilence, and to the famine; and I will make you to be tossed to and fro among all the kingdoms of the earth. And I will give the men that have transgressed My Covenant, that have not performed the Words of the Covenant which they made before Me, when they cut the calf in twain and passed between the parts thereof; the princes of Judah, and the princes of Jerusalem, the eunuchs, and the priests, and all the people of the land, that passed between the parts of the calf; I will even give them into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of them that seek their life; and their dead bodies shall be for food unto the birds of the heavens, and to the beasts of the earth. And Zedekiah King of Judah and his princes will I give into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of them that seek their life, and into the hand of the King of Babylon’s army, that are gone away from you. Behold, I will Command, saith Jehovah, and cause them to return to this city; and they shall fight against it, and take it, and burn it with fire: and I will make the cities of Judah a desolation, without inhabitant.”

The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah in the days of King Jehoiakim benJosiah of Judah (chapter 35): Go to the House of the Rechabites, speak to them, bring into the Lord’s House, in one of the chambers, give them wine to drink. I took Jaazaniah benJeremiah, benHabazziniah, & his brothers, his sons, & the entire House of the Rechabites; I brought them into the Lord’s House, into the chamber of the sons of Hanan benIgdaliah, the Man of God, near to the chamber of the princes, above the chamber of Maaseiah benShallum, Keeper of the Threshold. I set it before the House of the Recabites, and told them to drink wine. They refused, saying their father Jonadab benRechab (a Kenite tribe, of which Jethro the Midianite, Moses father-in-law, was a member; Rechab assisted Jehu (the 10th King of the Northern Kingdom of Israel & Samaria) who exterminated the House of Omri in Ahab & Jezebel) commanded them never to drink wine, or build houses, sow seed, plant vineyard, or own such; but only to live in tents while they are sojourners in a foreign land. We have all obeyed ever since. When King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon invaded we decided to come to Jerusalem for refuge from the Chaldeans & the Syrian army; so we have resided in Jerusalem. The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah: “Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: Go, and say to the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, Will ye not receive instruction to hearken to My Words? saith Jehovah. The words of Jonadab the son of Rechab, that he commanded his sons, not to drink wine, are performed; and unto this day they drink none, for they obey their father’s commandment: but I have spoken unto you, rising up early and speaking; and ye have not hearkened unto Me. I have sent also unto you all My Servants the Prophets, rising up early and sending them, saying, Return ye now every man from his evil way, and amend your doings, and go not after other `gods` to serve them, and ye shall dwell in the land which I have given to you and to your fathers: but ye have not inclined your ear, nor hearkened unto Me. Forasmuch as the sons of Jonadab the son of Rechab have performed the commandment of their father which he commanded them, but this people hath not hearkened unto Me; therefore thus saith Jehovah, the God of Hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will bring upon Judah and upon all the inhabitants of Jerusalem all the evil that I have pronounced against them; because I have spoken unto them, but they have not heard; and I have called unto them, but they have not answered. And Jeremiah said unto the House of the Rechabites, Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: Because ye have obeyed the commandment of Jonadab your father, and kept all his precepts, and done according unto all that he commanded you; therefore thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: Jonadab the son of Rechab shall not want a man to stand before Me for ever.”

In the 4th year of King Jehoiakim benJosiah of Judah (chapter 36): the Lord’s Word to Jeremiah: “Take thee a Roll of a Book, and write therein all the Words that I have spoken unto thee against Israel, and against Judah, and against all the Nations (Gentiles), from the day I spake unto thee, from the days of Josiah, even unto this day. It may be that the House of Judah will hear all the evil which I purpose to do unto them; that they may return every man from his evil way; that I may forgive their iniquity and their sin.” Jeremiah called Baruch benNeriah: Baruch wrote at Jeremiah’s dictation the Lord’s Word on the Scroll. Jeremiah, being imprisoned, commanded Baruch to go & read the Written Words of the Lord on the Scroll to the People in the Lord’s House on the Fast-Day, and to all Judah (Jews) from other cities. Perhaps they will be suppliant before the Lord, return from their evil ways; for the Lord’s Anger & Wrath is great against this People. Baruch did as he was instructed by the Prophet Jeremiah. In the 5th year of King Jehoiakim benJosiah of Judah, in the 9th month, the People (Jews) from the cities of Judah came to Jerusalem, and proclaimed a Fast before the Lord. Baruch read to all the People in the Book Jeremiah’s words in the Lord’s House, in the chamber of Gemariah benShaphan, the Scribe, in the Upper Court, at the entry of the New Gate of the Lord’s House. Micaiah benGemariah, benShaphan, heard the Reading from the Book the Lord’s Word, he went to the King’s House, into the Scribe’s Chamber; the princes were sitting there: Elishama the Scribe, Delaiah benShemaiah, Elnathan benAchbor, Gemariah benShaphan, Zedekiah benHananiah, with all the princes. Micaiah reported Baruch’s Reading of the Book of the Lord’s Words to the people. The princes sent Jehudi benNethaniah, benShelemiah, benCushi, to Baruch, saying: Bring the Scroll yu have read to the people. Baruch benNeriah did; they told him to sit down and read it; so he did. They heard and became afraid, looking at each other, told Baruch that they will report to the King the Words (Reading). They asked Baruch he wrote the Words that was dictated. He replied, he spoke the Words and I wrote them down with ink in the Book. The princes told Baruch that he & Jeremiah must go hide themselves without anyone knowing. They went into the court, but the Scroll they put in the chamber of Elishama the Scribe; and they reported the Words to the King. The King sent Jehudi to bring the Scroll to him; he did, and read it to the King, and to princes with him. The King was sitting in the winter-house in the 9th month, a fire was in the fire-place; as Jehudi read 3 or 4 leaves, the King cut off the leaves from the Scroll with his penknife, and threw it in the fire till the entire Scroll was burnt up. They were not afraid, and did not tear their clothes, neither did the servants who heard the Words. Elnathan, Delaiah, & Gemariah pleaded with the King not to burn the Scroll to no avail. The King commanded Jerameel the King’s son, Seraiah benAzriel, & Shelemiah benAbdeel, to arrest Baruch the Scribe & Jeremiah the Prophet; but the Lord hid them. The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah after the King burned the Scroll, and the Words which Baruch wrote at Jeremiah’s dictation: “Take thee again another Roll (Scroll), and write in it all the former words that were in the first Roll, which Jehoiakim the King of Judah hath burned. And concerning Jehoiakim King of Judah thou shalt say, Thus saith Jehovah: Thou hast burned this Roll, saying, Why hast thou written therein, saying, The King of Babylon shall certainly come and destroy this Land, and shall cause to cease from thence man and beast? Therefore thus saith Jehovah concerning Jehoiakim King of Judah: He shall have none to sit upon the Throne of David; and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost. And I will punish him and his seed and his servants for their iniquity; and I will bring upon them, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and upon the men of Judah, all the evil that I have pronounced against them, but they hearkened not.” Then took Jeremiah another Scroll, and gave it to Scribe Baruch the benNeriah, who wrote at Jeremiah’s dictation all the Words of the Book which King Jehoiakim of Judah had burned in the fire; and there were added besides unto them many like Words.

Zedekiah benJosiah reigned as King in the place of Coniah benJehoiakim (chapter 37), whom King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon enthroned as King in the Land of Judah. He, his servants, and the people, refused to listen to the Lord’s Words spoken by the Prophet Jeremiah. King Zedekiah, Jehucal benShelemiah, and Zephaniah benMaaseiah, the Priest, to the Prophet Jeremiah, saying: Pray to the Lord our God for us. Jeremiah freely moved among the people, not yet being imprisoned. Pharaoh’s army had come from Egypt, the Chaldeans besieging Jerusalem heard the news, and discontinued the assault on Jerusalem.
The Lord’s Word to the Prophet Jeremiah: “Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, Thus shall ye say to the King of Judah, that sent you unto Me to inquire of Me: Behold, Pharaoh’s army, which is come forth to help you, shall return to Egypt into their own land. And the Chaldeans shall come again, and fight against this City; and they shall take it, and burn it with fire. Thus saith Jehovah, Deceive not yourselves, saying, The Chaldeans shall surely depart from us; for they shall not depart.For though ye had smitten the whole army of the Chaldeans that fight against you, and there remained but wounded men among them, yet would they rise up every man in his tent, and burn this city with fire.” After the Chaldeans stopped their assault on Jerusalem for fear of the Egyptian’s army, Jeremiah left Jerusalem and went into the land of Benjamin to his lot among the people. When he was in the Gate of Benjamin, a Captain of the Ward, Irijah benShelemiah, benHananiah, arrested the Prophet Jeremiah, accusing him of desertion to the Chaldeans. Jeremiah denied it; but they refused to listen to him; Irijah arrested Jeremiah and brought him to the princes. The princes were angry with Jeremiah, and struck him, and jailed him in the house of Jonathan the Scribe; for they made that the prison. Jeremiah was put in the dungeon-house, into the cells, and stayed there many days. King Zedekiah brought him out, secretly asking if there is any Word from the Lord. Jeremiah replied: “Thou shalt be delivered into the the hand of the King of Babylon.” Jeremiah complained to King Zedekiah: How have I wronged yu, or yur servants, or the people, to be imprisoned? Where are your prophets that prophesied: ‘The King of Babylon shall not come against you, nor against this land”? Please listen, O Lord my King: let my supplication, be presented before yu, that I not be returned to die in the house of the Scribe Jonathan.’ King Zedekiah commanded to commit Jeremiah into the Court of the Guard; and to give him a daily loaf of bread out of the baker’s street, till the city was out of bread. So they did to him.
Shephatiah benMattan, Gedaliah benPashur, & Pashur benMalchijah, heard Jeremiah’s Words to the people: “Thus saith Jehovah, He that abideth in this city shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence; but he that goeth forth to the Chaldeans shall live, and his life shall be unto him for a prey, and he shall live. Thus saith Jehovah, This City shall surely be given into the hand of the army of the king of Babylon, and he shall take it.” The princes ask the King: Let him be put to death, for he weakens the warriors in the city, and the people, in his subversive words to harm the people. King Zedekiah replied: do as you wish, I cannot stop you. They put Jeremiah down by ropes into the dungeon of Malchijah the King’s son in the Court of the Guard. The dungeon had no water, only mud, and Jeremiah sank in the mud. The Ethiopian eunuch Ebed-melech in the King’s House heard of this, and while the King was sitting in the gate of Benjamin, he left the King’s House and went to plead with the King: these men are doing great wrong against the Prophet Jeremiah, to make him die by starvation in the dungeon. The King commanded him to take 30 men to help get Jeremiah out of the dungeon before he die. They went into the King’s House under the Treasury, using rags & old clothes took up Jeremiah by the armpits out of the dungeon; and he stayed in the Court of the Guard. King Zedekiah took the Prophet Jeremiah into the 3rd entry in the Lord’s House to ask him something confidential: Jeremiah replied: If I tell yu, yu’ll put me to death; and if I counsel yu, yu’ll not listen. King Zedekiah swore secretly to Jeremiah, as the Lord lives, Who made this soul, I will not kill yu, neither hand yu over to those who want to kill yu. “Then said Jeremiah unto Zedekiah, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Hosts, the God of Israel: If thou wilt go forth unto the King of Babylon’s princes, then thy soul shall live, and this City shall not be burned with fire; and thou shalt live, and thy House. But if thou wilt not go forth to the King of Babylon’s princes, then shall this City be given into the hand of the Chaldeans, and they shall burn it with fire, and thou shalt not escape out of their hand.” King Zedekiah replied to Jeremiah: I’m afraid of those Jews who have deserted to the Chaldeans, who will betray & mock me. Jeremiah answered: they will not; obey the Lord’s Voice, in what I have spoken, and it will be well, & yu’ll live. But if yu refuse to submit, this is the Lord’s Word: “Behold, all the women that are left in the King of Judah’s House shall be brought forth to the King of Babylon’s princes,and those women shall say, Thy familiar friends have set thee on, and have prevailed over thee: [now that] thy feet are sunk in the mire, they are turned away back. And they shall bring out all thy wives and thy children to the Chaldeans; and thou shalt not escape out of their hand, but shalt be taken by the hand of the King of Babylon: and thou shalt cause this City to be burned with fire.” Zedekiah to Jeremiah: Let no one know of these words, and yu’ll not die. If the princes suspect something, and ask yu what yu said to the King, and what the King said to yu; tell them yu presented a supplication to not be returned to Jonathan’s house to die. The princes asked Jeremiah, and he answered as the King instructed him; so nothing was detected. Jeremiah stayed in the Court of the Guard till Jerusalem was captured.

Jerusalem was Captured (chapter 39): In 9th year of King Zedekiah of Judah, in the 10th Month, King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon with all his army came against Jerusalem and besieged it. In the 11th Year of Zedekiah, in the 4th month, a breach was made in the City. The princes of the King of Babylon came in, sat in the middle gate: Nergal-sharezer, Samgar-nebo, Sarsechim, Rab-saris, Nergal-sharezer, Rab-mag, with other princes of the King of Babylon. King Zedekiah of Judah and the warriors, fled by night by way of the King’s Garden, between the two walls of the gate, leaving the city toward the Arabah (Desert, South). The Chaldeans’ army pursued & caught Zedekiah in the Plains of Jericho (some 5 miles away); they brought him to King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; and there he judged him (Jerusalem to Riblah north of Damascus is some 270 miles). He slew Zedekiah’s sons as he watched, he slew Judah’s nobles; he put out Zedekiah’s eyes, he shackled him, & took him to Babylon (Riblah to Babylon is some 450 miles). The Chaldeans torched the King’s House, and the houses of the people; they demolished Jerusalem’s walls. Nebuzaradan the Captain of the Guard deported captives to Babylon the Remnant the Jews of the city, also the deserters, & any other Jews. But he left the poorest of the people, the homeless or landless, of Judah, giving them vineyards & fields. King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon charged Nebuzaradan the Guard Captain concerning Jeremiah: Treat him well; let go where he please. He with Nebushazban, Rab-saris, Nergal-sharezer, & Rab-mag, sent & took Jeremiah from the Court of the Guard, entrusting him to the care of Gedaliah benAhikam, benShaphan, to take him home; so he lived among the people. The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah when he was jailed in the Court of the Guard: Tell Ebed-melech the Ethiopian: “Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will bring My Words upon this City for evil, and not for good; and they shall be accomplished before thee in that day. But I will deliver thee in that day, saith Jehovah; and thou shalt not be given into the hand of the men of whom thou art afraid. For I will surely save thee, and thou shalt not fall by the sword, but thy life shall be for a prey unto thee; because thou hast put thy trust in Me, saith Jehovah.”
The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah after Nebuzaradan the Guard Captain released him at Ramah from his chains among the captives of Jerusalem & Judah being deported to Babylon. The Guard Captain said to Jeremiah: The Lord yur God pronounced this doom on this place; the Lord has done it as He said because you have sinned against the Lord, and disobeyed His Voice. I now release yu from yur chains to go where yu please: yu may come with me to Babylon, where I will treat yu well, or go anywhere in the entire land before yu. Further he said to Gedaliah benAhikam, benShaphan, whom the King of Babylon made Governor over the cities of Judah, stay with him among the people anywhere yu please. So the Guard Captain gave to him provisions & a gift, & released him. Jeremiah went & stayed with Gedaliah benAhikam. The captains of the forces in the fields (resistance fighters) & their men heard that the King of Babylon had made Gedaliah benAhikam Governor in the land, to care for the men, women, & children, the poorest of the land, the Remnant who were not deported captives to Babylon; they came to Gedaliah to Mizpah: Ishmael benNethaniah, Johanan & Jonathan beniKareah, Seraiah benTanhumeth, beniEphai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah benMaacathite, with all their men. Gedaliah swore an oath to them: Do not fear to serve the Chaldeans: reside in the land, serve the King of Babylon and it will be well. I must stay at Mizpah to answer to the Chaldeans when they come; but you may gather wine, summer fruits, & oil in vessels, and take them to the cities you have chosen. When the Jews that were in Moab, and those among the children of Ammon, and in Edom, and in all the surrounding countries, heard that the King of Babylon had left a Remnant in Judah, and set over them Gedaliah benAhikam, benShaphan; all the Jews returned from the places they fled to; they came to Judah. Johanan benKareah, with his resistance fighting captains, came to Gedaliah at Mizpah, saying: King Baalis of the children of Ammon sent Ishmael benNethaniah to kill yu. Gedaliah did not believe them. Johanan spoke with Gedaliah in private, saying: let me go kill Ishmael secretly; why should he kill yu that the Jews governed be scattered, and the Remnant of Judah perish. But he refused, and replied that he was lying about Ishmael.
In the 7th month Ishmael benNethaniah, benElishama, of the royal seed, and of the chief officers of the King, came with 10 men to Gedaliah benAhikam at Mizpah, to eat bread together. Ishmael & his men slew by sword Gedaliah the appointed Governor by the King of Babylon; he also killed the Jews with him at Mizpah, with the Chaldean warriors there. No one knowing of the slaughter for two days: Men from Shechem, Shiloh, & Samaria, some 80 men, their beards shaven & their clothes torn, with bodies cut, with meal-offerings & frankincense in their hands came to bring to the Lord’s House. Ishmael met them with tears as he approached, saying, Come to Gedaliah benAhikam. They all came into the city, Ishmael killed them, and threw all of them into the pit. But 10 of the 80 men said to Ishmael: Do not kill us, we have supplies hidden in the fields, of wheat, barley, oil, & honey; so he spared them. The pit where the dead bodies where cast, was the pit that King Asa made when he was afraid of King Baasha of Israel. Ishmael led captive all remnant of the people at Mizpah: the King’s daughters, the common people that Nebuzaradan the Guard captain committed to the governship of Gedaliah, these he took with him to escape to children of Ammon. Johanan benKareah with his captains of the warriors heard of it, they pursued Ishmael and found him at the waters of Gibeon (about 5 miles from Jerusalem). The people captured by Ishmael were glad on seeing Johanan, and they turned back to go to Johanan. Ishmael escaped with 8 men to the children of Ammon. Johanan, the captains of the warriors, and the Remnant of the common folks he recovered from Ishmael: the warriors, women, children, and eunuchs; they all went & lived in Geruth Chimham near Beth-lehem to go into Egypt, because they were afraid of the Chaldeans, because Ishmael had murdered Gedaliah the Governor appointed by the King of Babylon.
The captains of the warriors, Johanan benKareah, Jezaniah benHoshaiah, and all the rest of the people, the common to the noble, came to the Prophet Jeremiah, saying: Please accept our supplication, and pray for us to the Lord yur God, for this small Remnant: that the Lord God may show us which way to walk & what to do. He replied: I will pray to the Lord your God with your words; whatever He says I will tell you exactly. They replied: The Lord be a True & Faithful Witness of us if we do not the Word the Lord yur God send to us; whether good or bad, we will obey the Voice of the Lord our God, that it go well with us. After 10 days the Lord’s Word to Jeremiah: he gathered to him Johanan, the warrior captains, and all the rest of the people, saying to them: The Lord God of Israel to Whom you sent Me to present your supplication, says: “If ye will still abide in this land, then will I build you, and not pull you down, and I will plant you, and not pluck you up; for I repent Me of the evil that I have done unto you. Be not afraid of the King of Babylon, of whom ye are afraid; be not afraid of him, saith Jehovah: for I am with you to save you, and to deliver you from his hand. And I will grant you mercy, that he may have mercy upon you, and cause you to return to your own Land. But if ye say, We will not dwell in this Land; so that ye obey not the Voice of Jehovah your God, saying, No; but we will go into the land of Egypt, where we shall see no war, nor hear the sound of the trumpet, nor have hunger of bread; and there will we dwell: now therefore hear ye the Word of Jehovah, O Remnant of Judah: Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, If ye indeed set your faces to enter into Egypt, and go to sojourn there; then it shall come to pass, that the sword, which ye fear, shall overtake you there in the land of Egypt; and the famine, whereof ye are afraid, shall follow hard after you there in Egypt; and there ye shall die. So shall it be with all the men that set their faces to go into Egypt to sojourn there: they shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence; and none of them shall remain or escape from the evil that I will bring upon them. For thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: As Mine Anger and My Wrath hath been poured forth upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so shall My Wrath be poured forth upon you, when ye shall enter into Egypt; and ye shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach; and ye shall see this place no more.” Jeremiah adds: “Jehovah hath spoken concerning you, O Remnant of Judah, Go ye not into Egypt: know certainly that I have testified unto you this day. For ye have dealt deceitfully against your own souls; for ye sent me unto Jehovah your God, saying, Pray for us unto Jehovah our God; and according unto all that Jehovah our God shall say, so declare unto us, and we will do it: and I have this day declared it to you; but ye have not obeyed the voice of Jehovah your God in anything for which he hath sent me unto you. Now therefore know certainly that ye shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence, in the place whither ye desire to go to sojourn there.”
After Jeremiah ended his words to the people: Azariah benHoshaiah, Johanan benKareah, and the proud men, said to Jeremiah: Yur lying; the Lord God did not say: Ye shall not go into Egypt to sojourn; but Baruch bebNeriah sets yu against us, to deliver us to Chaldeans to be put to death & deported to Babylon. So they refused to obey the Lord’s Voice to stay in Judah; but they took all the Jews, remnant and all, with Jeremiah & Baruch, and came into the land of Egypt at Tahpanhes (some 250 miles away). The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah in Tahpanhes: “Take great stones in thy hand, and hide them in mortar in the brickwork, which is at the entry of Pharaoh’s house in Tahpanhes, in the sight of the men of Judah; and say unto them, Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will send and take Nebuchadrezzar the King of Babylon, My Servant, and will set his throne upon these stones that I have hid; and he shall spread his royal pavilion over them. And he shall come, and shall smite the land of Egypt; such as are for death [shall be given] to death, and such as are for captivity to captivity, and such as are for the sword to the sword. And I will kindle a fire in the houses of the `gods` of Egypt; and he shall burn them, and carry them away captive: and he shall array himself with the land of Egypt, as a shepherd putteth on his garment; and he shall go forth from thence in peace. He shall also break the pillars of Beth-shemesh, that is in the land of Egypt; and the houses of the `gods` of Egypt shall he burn with fire.”
The Word to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews that dwelt in the land of Egypt, at Migdol, at Tahpanhes, at Memphis, and in the country of Pathros: “Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: Ye have seen all the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem,and upon all the cities of Judah; and, behold, this day they are a desolation, and no man dwelleth therein, because of their wickedness which they have committed to provoke Me to anger, in that they went to burn incense, [and] to serve other `gods`, that they knew not, neither they, nor ye, nor your fathers. Howbeit I sent unto you all My Servants the Prophets, rising up early and sending them, saying, Oh, do not this abominable thing that I hate. But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear to turn from their wickedness, to burn no incense unto other `gods`. Wherefore My Wrath and Mine Anger was poured forth, and was kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted and desolate, as it is this day. Therefore now thus saith Jehovah, the God of Hosts, the God of Israel: Wherefore commit ye [this] great evil against your own souls, to cut off from you man and woman, infant and suckling, out of the midst of Judah, to leave you none remaining; in that ye provoke Me unto anger with the works of your hands, burning incense unto other `gods` in the land of Egypt, whither ye are gone to sojourn; that ye may be cut off, and that ye may be a curse and a reproach among all the Nations (Gentiles) of the earth? Have ye forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, and the wickedness of the kings of Judah, and the wickedness of their wives, and your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives which they committed in the land of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem? They are not humbled even unto this day, neither have they feared, nor walked in My Law, nor in My Statutes, that I set before you and before your fathers. Therefore thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will set My Face against you for evil, even to cut off all Judah. And I will take the Remnant of Judah, that have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they shall all be consumed; in the land of Egypt shall they fall; they shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine; they shall die, from the least even unto the greatest, by the sword and by the famine; and they shall be an execration, [and] an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach. For I will punish them that dwell in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence; so that none of the Remnant of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or be left, to return into the land of Judah, to which they have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return save such as shall escape.”
The men who knew that their wives burned incense unto other `gods`, and the women that stood by, a great assembly, even all the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying: As for the Word yu spoke to us in the Name of Jehovah, we will not listen to yu. We will certainly perform every word we have spoken: to burn incense to the Queen of Heaven, to pour out drink-offerings to her, as we have done, we and our fathers, our kings and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem; for then had we plenty of provisions, and were well, and saw no evil. But since we left off burning incense to the Queen of Heaven, and pouring out drink-offerings to her, we have lacked all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine. And when we burned incense to the Queen of Heaven, and poured out drink-offerings to her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink-offerings to her, without our husbands?
Jeremiah said to the people, to the men, the women, to all the people that had given him that answer, saying: The incense that ye burned in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, ye and your fathers, your kings and your princes, and the people of the land, did not Jehovah remember them, and came it not into His Mind? so that Jehovah could not longer bear, because of the evil of your doings, and because of the abominations which ye have committed; therefore is your land become a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without inhabitant to this day. Because ye have burned incense, and because ye have sinned against Jehovah, and have not obeyed the Voice of Jehovah, nor walked in His Law, nor in His Statutes, nor in His Testimonies; therefore this calamity is happened to you to this day. Jeremiah said to the people, and to the women: Hear the Word of Jehovah, all Judah that are in the land of Egypt: Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, saying: “Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and with your hands have fulfilled it, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the Queen of Heaven, and to pour out drink-offerings unto her: establish then your vows, and perform your vows. Therefore hear ye the Word of Jehovah, all Judah that dwell in the land of Egypt: Behold, I have sworn by My Great Name, saith Jehovah, that My Name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, As the Lord Jehovah liveth. Behold, I watch over them for evil, and not for good; and all the men of Judah that are in the land of Egypt shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine, until there be an end of them. And they that escape the sword shall return out of the land of Egypt into the land of Judah, few in number; and all the remnant of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose word shall stand, Mine, or theirs. And this shall be the Sign unto you, saith Jehovah, that I will punish you in this place, that ye may know that my Words shall surely stand against you for evil: Thus saith Jehovah, Behold, I will give Pharaoh Hophra King of Egypt into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah King of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar King of Babylon, who was his enemy, and sought his life.”

The Word the Prophet Jeremiah spoke to Baruch benNeriah (chapter 45), when he wrote these Words in a Book at the Lord’s Mouth, in the 4th year of King Jehoiakim benJosiah of Judah: “Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, unto thee, O Baruch: Thou didst say, Woe is me now! for Jehovah hath added sorrow to my pain; I am weary with my groaning, and I find no rest. Thus shalt thou say unto him, Thus saith Jehovah: Behold, that which I have built will I break down, and that which I have planted I will pluck up; and this in the whole Land. And seekest thou great things for thyself? seek them not; for, behold, I will bring evil upon all flesh, saith Jehovah; but thy life will I give unto thee for a prey in all places whither thou goest.”

The Lord’s Word to the Prophet Jeremiah concerning the Nations (Gentiles):
Concerning Egypt (Egyptians) (chapter 46): Concerning the army of King Pharaoh-neco King Egypt, which was by the River Euphrates in Carchemish, which King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon smote in the 4th year of King Jehoiakim benJosiah of Judah: “Prepare ye the buckler and shield, and draw near to battle. Harness the horses, and get up, ye horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, put on the coats of mail. Wherefore have I seen it? they are dismayed and are turned backward; and their mighty ones are beaten down, and are fled apace, and look not back: terror is on every side, saith Jehovah. Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; in the north by the River Euphrates have they stumbled and fallen. Who is this that riseth up like the Nile, whose waters toss themselves like the rivers? Egypt riseth up like the Nile, and his waters toss themselves like the rivers: and he saith, I will rise up, I will cover the earth; I will destroy cities and the inhabitants thereof. Go up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men go forth: Cush and Put, that handle the shield; and the Ludim, that handle and bend the bow. For that day is [a day] of the Lord, Jehovah of Hosts, a day of vengeance, that He may avenge Him of His adversaries: and the sword shall devour and be satiate, and shall drink its fill of their blood; for the Lord, Jehovah of Hosts, hath a sacrifice in the north country by the River Euphrates. Go up into Gilead, and take balm, O Virgin Daughter of Egypt: in vain dost thou use many medicines; there is no healing for thee. The nations (Gentiles) have heard of thy shame, and the earth is full of thy cry; for the mighty man hath stumbled against the mighty, they are fallen both of them together.” The Lord’s Word to the Prophet Jeremiah that King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon should come and smite the land of Egypt: “Declare ye in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Memphis and in Tahpanhes: say ye, Stand forth, and prepare thee; for the sword hath devoured round about thee. Why are thy strong ones swept away? they stood not, because Jehovah did drive them. He made many to stumble, yea, they fell one upon another: and they said, Arise, and let us go again to our own people, and to the land of our nativity, from the oppressing sword. They cried there, King Pharaoh of Egypt is but a noise; he hath let the appointed time pass by. As I live, saith the King, Whose Name is Jehovah of Hosts, surely like Tabor among the mountains, and like Carmel by the sea, so shall he come. O thou Daughter that dwellest in Egypt, furnish thyself to go into Captivity; for Memphis shall become a desolation, and shall be burnt up, without inhabitant. Egypt is a very fair heifer; [but] destruction out of the north is come, it is come. Also her hired men in the midst of her are like calves of the stall; for they also are turned back, they are fled away together, they did not stand: for the day of their calamity is come upon them, the time of their visitation. The sound thereof shall go like the serpent; for they shall march with an army, and come against her with axes, as hewers of wood. They shall cut down her forest, saith Jehovah, though it cannot be searched; because they are more than the locusts, and are innumerable. The Daughter of Egypt shall be put to shame; she shall be delivered into the hand of the people of the north. Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, saith: Behold, I will punish Amon of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with her `gods`, and her kings; even Pharaoh, and them that trust in him: and I will deliver them into the hand of those that seek their lives, and into the hand of King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon, and into the hand of his servants; and afterwards it shall be inhabited, as in the days of old, saith Jehovah. But fear not thou, O Jacob My Servant, neither be dismayed, O Israel: for, lo, I will save thee from afar, and thy Seed from the land of their Captivity; and Jacob shall return, and shall be quiet and at ease, and none shall make him afraid. Fear not thou, O Jacob My Servant, saith Jehovah; for I am with thee: for I will make a full end of all the nations (Gentiles) whither I have driven thee; but I will not make a full end of thee, but I will correct thee in measure, and will in no wise leave thee unpunished.”
The Lord’s Word to Jeremiah concerning the Philistines before Pharaoh struck Gaza: “Thus saith Jehovah: Behold, waters rise up out of the north, and shall become an overflowing stream, and shall overflow the land and all that is therein, the city and them that dwell therein; and the men shall cry, and all the inhabitants of the land shall wail. At the noise of the stamping of the hoofs of his strong ones, at the rushing of his chariots, at the rumbling of his wheels, the fathers look not back to their children for feebleness of hands; because of the day that cometh to destroy all the Philistines, to cut off from Tyre and Sidon every helper that remaineth: for Jehovah will destroy the Philistines, the remnant of the isle of Caphtor. Baldness is come upon Gaza; Ashkelon is brought to nought, the remnant of their valley: how long wilt thou cut thyself? O thou Sword of Jehovah, how long will it be ere thou be quiet? put up thyself into thy scabbard; rest, and be still. How canst thou be quiet, seeing Jehovah hath given thee a charge? Against Ashkelon, and against the sea-shore, there hath he appointed it.”
Concerning Moab (Moabites): “Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: Woe unto Nebo! for it is laid waste; Kiriathaim is put to shame, it is taken; Misgab is put to shame and broken down. The praise of Moab is no more; in Heshbon they have devised evil against her: Come, and let us cut her off from being a nation. Thou also, O Madmen, shalt be brought to silence: the sword shall pursue thee. The sound of a cry from Horonaim, desolation and great destruction! Moab is destroyed; her little ones have caused a cry to be heard. For by the ascent of Luhith with continual weeping shall they go up; for at the descent of Horonaim they have heard the distress of the cry of destruction. Flee, save your lives, and be like the heath in the wilderness. For, because thou hast trusted in thy works and in thy treasures, thou also shalt be taken: and Chemosh shall go forth into Captivity, his priests and his princes together. And the destroyer shall come upon every city, and no city shall escape; the valley also shall perish, and the plain shall be destroyed; as Jehovah hath spoken. Give wings unto Moab, that she may fly and get her away: and her cities shall become a desolation, without any to dwell therein. Cursed be he that doeth the work of Jehovah negligently; and cursed be he that keepeth back his sword from blood. Moab hath been at ease from his youth, and he hath settled on his lees, and hath not been emptied from vessel to vessel, neither hath he gone into Captivity: therefore his taste remaineth in him, and his scent is not changed. Therefore, behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will send unto him them that pour off, and they shall pour him off; and they shall empty his vessels, and break their bottles in pieces. And Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as the House of Israel was ashamed of Beth-el their confidence. How say ye, We are mighty men, and valiant men for the war? Moab is laid waste, and they are gone up into his cities, and his chosen young men are gone down to the slaughter, saith the King, Whose Name is Jehovah of Hosts. The calamity of Moab is near to come, and his affliction hasteth fast. All ye that are round about him, bemoan him, and all ye that know his name; say, How is the strong staff broken, the beautiful rod! O thou Daughter that dwellest in Dibon, come down from thy glory, and sit in thirst; for the destroyer of Moab is come up against thee, he hath destroyed thy strongholds. O inhabitant of Aroer, stand by the way, and watch: ask him that fleeth, and her that escapeth; say, What hath been done? Moab is put to shame; for it is broken down: wail and cry; tell ye it by the Arnon, that Moab is laid waste. And judgment is come upon the plain country, upon Holon, and upon Jahzah, and upon Mephaath, and upon Dibon, and upon Nebo, and upon Beth-diblathaim, and upon Kiriathaim, and upon Beth-gamul, and upon Beth-meon, and upon Kerioth, and upon Bozrah, and upon all the cities of the land of Moab, far or near. The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken, saith Jehovah. Make ye him drunken; for he magnified himself against Jehovah: and Moab shall wallow in his vomit, and he also shall be in derision. For was not Israel a derision unto thee? was he found among thieves? for as often as thou speakest of him, thou waggest the head. O ye inhabitants of Moab, leave the cities, and dwell in the rock; and be like the dove that maketh her nest over the mouth of the abyss. We have heard of the pride of Moab, [that] he is very proud; his loftiness, and his pride, and his arrogancy, and the haughtiness of his heart. I know his wrath, saith Jehovah, that it is nought; his boastings have wrought nothing. Therefore will I wail for Moab; yea, I will cry out for all Moab: for the men of Kir-heres shall they mourn. With more than the weeping of Jazer will I weep for thee, O Vine of Sibmah: thy branches passed over the sea, they reached even to the sea of Jazer: upon thy summer fruits and upon thy vintage the destroyer is fallen. And gladness and joy is taken away from the fruitful field and from the land of Moab; and I have caused wine to cease from the winepresses: none shall tread with shouting; the shouting shall be no shouting. From the cry of Heshbon even unto Elealeh, even unto Jahaz have they uttered their voice, from Zoar even unto Horonaim, to Eglath-shelishiyah: for the waters of Nimrim also shall become desolate. Moreover I will cause to cease in Moab, saith Jehovah, him that offereth in the high place, and him that burneth incense to his `gods`. Therefore my heart soundeth for Moab like pipes, and my heart soundeth like pipes for the men of Kir-heres: therefore the abundance that he hath gotten is perished. For every head is bald, and every beard clipped: upon all the hands are cuttings, and upon the loins sackcloth. On all the housetops of Moab and in the streets thereof there is lamentation every where; for I have broken Moab like a vessel wherein none delighteth, saith Jehovah. How is it broken down! [how] do they wail! how hath Moab turned the back with shame! so shall Moab become a derision and a terror to all that are round about him. For thus saith Jehovah: Behold, he shall fly as an eagle, and shall spread out his wings against Moab. Kerioth is taken, and the strongholds are seized, and the heart of the mighty men of Moab at that day shall be as the heart of a woman in her pangs. And Moab shall be destroyed from being a people, because he hath magnified himself against Jehovah. Fear, and the pit, and the snare, are upon thee, O inhabitant of Moab, saith Jehovah. He that fleeth from the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that getteth up out of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for I will bring upon him, even upon Moab, the year of their visitation, saith Jehovah. They that fled stand without strength under the shadow of Heshbon; for a fire is gone forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and hath devoured the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones. Woe unto thee, O Moab! the people of Chemosh is undone; for thy sons are taken away captive, and thy daughters into Captivity. Yet will I bring back the Captivity of Moab in the latter days, saith Jehovah. Thus far is the judgment of Moab.”
Concerning the Children of Ammon (Ammonites): “Of the children of Ammon. Thus saith Jehovah: Hath Israel no sons? hath he no heir? why then doth Malcam possess Gad, and his people dwell in the cities thereof? Therefore, behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard against Rabbah of the children of Ammon; and it shall become a desolate heap, and her daughters shall be burned with fire: then shall Israel possess them that did possess him, saith Jehovah. Wail, O Heshbon, for Ai is laid waste; cry, ye daughters of Rabbah, gird you with sackcloth: lament, and run to and fro among the fences; for Malcam shall go into captivity, his priests and his princes together. Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding Daughter? that trusted in her treasures, [saying], Who shall come unto me? Behold, I will bring a fear upon thee, saith the Lord, Jehovah of Hosts, from all that are round about thee; and ye shall be driven out every man right forth, and there shall be none to gather together the fugitives. But afterward I will bring back the Captivity of the children of Ammon, saith Jehovah.”
Concerning Edom (Edomites): “Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts: Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent? is their wisdom vanished? Flee ye, turn back, dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of Dedan; for I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, the time that I shall visit him. If grape-gatherers came to thee, would they not leave some gleaning grapes? if thieves by night, would they not destroy till they had enough? But I have made Esau bare, I have uncovered his secret places, and he shall not be able to hide himself: his seed is destroyed, and his brethren, and his neighbors; and he is not. Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let thy widows trust in Me. For thus saith Jehovah: Behold, they to whom it pertained not to drink of the cup shall assuredly drink; and art thou he that shall altogether go unpunished? thou shalt not go unpunished, but thou shalt surely drink. For I have sworn by Myself, saith Jehovah, that Bozrah shall become an astonishment, a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes. I have heard tidings from Jehovah, and an ambassador is sent among the nations (Gentiles), [saying], Gather yourselves together, and come against her, and rise up to the battle. For, behold, I have made thee small among the nations (Gentiles), and despised among men. As for thy terribleness, the pride of thy heart hath deceived thee, O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill: though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the eagle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith Jehovah. And Edom shall become an astonishment: every one that passeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss at all the plagues thereof. As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbor cities thereof, saith Jehovah, no man shall dwell there, neither shall any son of man sojourn therein. Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the pride of the Jordan against the strong habitation: for I will suddenly make them run away from it; and whoso is chosen, him will I appoint over it: for who is like Me? and who will appoint Me a time? and who is the shepherd that will stand before Me? Therefore hear ye the counsel of Jehovah, that He hath taken against Edom; and His Purposes, that He hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely they shall drag them away, [even] the little ones of the flock; surely He shall make their habitation desolate over them. The earth trembleth at the noise of their fall; there is a cry, the noise whereof is heard in the Red Sea (Yam Suph, Gulf of Aqaba, Ezion-geber). Behold, he shall come up and fly as the eagle, and spread out his wings against Bozrah (25 miles south of the Dead Sea; so the desolation here covers some 100-150 mile along the King’s Highway): and the heart of the mighty men of Edom at that day shall be as the heart of a woman in her pangs.”
Concerning Damascus (Syrians): “Hamath is confounded, and Arpad; for they have heard evil tidings, they are melted away: there is sorrow on the sea; it cannot be quiet. Damascus is waxed feeble, she turneth herself to flee, and trembling hath seized on her: anguish and sorrows have taken hold of her, as of a woman in travail. How is the city of praise not forsaken, the city of my joy? Therefore her young men shall fall in her streets, and all the men of war shall be brought to silence in that day, saith Jehovah of Hosts. And I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, and it shall devour the palaces of Ben-hadad.” Concerning Kedar, and of the kingdoms of Hazor, [Arabians] which King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon smote: “Thus saith Jehovah: Arise ye, go up to Kedar, and destroy the children of the east. Their tents and their flocks shall they take; they shall carry away for themselves their curtains, and all their vessels, and their camels; and they shall cry unto them, Terror on every side! Flee ye, wander far off, dwell in the depths, O ye inhabitants of Hazor, saith Jehovah; for King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon hath taken counsel against you, and hath conceived a purpose against you. Arise, get you up unto a nation that is at ease, that dwelleth without care, saith Jehovah; that have neither gates nor bars, that dwell alone. And their camels shall be a booty, and the multitude of their cattle a spoil: and I will scatter unto all winds them that have the corners [of their hair] cut off; and I will bring their calamity from every side of them, saith Jehovah. And Hazor shall be a dwelling-place of jackals, a desolation for ever: no man shall dwell there, neither shall any son of man sojourn therein.”
The Lord’s Word to the Prophet Jeremiah concerning Elam (Elamites) in the beginning of the reign of King Zedekiah of Judah: “Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts: Behold, I will break the bow of Elam, the chief of their might. And upon Elam will I bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and will scatter them toward all those winds; and there shall be no nation whither the outcasts of Elam shall not come. And I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies, and before them that seek their life; and I will bring evil upon them, even My Fierce Anger, saith Jehovah; and I will send the sword after them, till I have consumed them; and I will set My Throne in Elam, and will destroy from thence king and princes, saith Jehovah. But it shall come to pass in the latter days, that I will bring back the captivity of Elam, saith Jehovah.”
The Lord’s Word concerning Babylon (Chaldeans), concerning the Land of the Chaldeans, to the Prophet Jeremiah: “Declare ye among the nations (Gentiles) and publish, and set up a standard; publish, and conceal not: say, Babylon is taken, Bel is put to shame, Merodach is dismayed; her images are put to shame, her idols are dismayed. For out of the north there cometh up a nation against her (Median-Persian, Achaemenid Empire), which shall make her land desolate, and none shall dwell therein: they are fled, they are gone, both man and beast. In those days, and in that time, saith Jehovah, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together; they shall go on their way weeping, and shall seek Jehovah their God. They shall inquire concerning Zion with their faces thitherward, [saying], Come ye, and join yourselves to Jehovah in an Everlasting Covenant that shall not be forgotten. My People have been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray; they have turned them away on the mountains; they have gone from mountain to hill; they have forgotten their resting-place. All that found them have devoured them; and their adversaries said, We are not guilty, because they have sinned against Jehovah, the Habitation of Righteousness, even Jehovah, the Hope of their fathers. Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and go forth out of the land of the Chaldeans, and be as the he-goats before the flocks. For, lo, I will stir up and cause to come up against Babylon a company of great nations (Gentiles) from the north country; and they shall set themselves in array against her; from thence she shall be taken: their arrows shall be as of an expert mighty man; none shall return in vain. And Chaldea shall be a prey: all that prey upon her shall be satisfied, saith Jehovah. Because ye are glad, because ye rejoice, O ye that plunder My Heritage, because ye are wanton as a heifer that treadeth out [the grain], and neigh as strong horses; your mother shall be utterly put to shame; she that bare you shall be confounded: behold, she shall be the hindermost of the nations (Gentiles), a wilderness, a dry land, and a desert. Because of the Wrath of Jehovah she shall not be inhabited, but she shall be wholly desolate: every one that goeth by Babylon shall be astonished, and hiss at all her plagues. Set yourselves in array against Babylon round about, all ye that bend the bow; shoot at her, spare no arrows: for she hath sinned against Jehovah. Shout against her round about: she hath submitted herself; her bulwarks are fallen, her walls are thrown down; for it is the Vengeance of Jehovah: take vengeance upon her; as she hath done, do unto her. Cut off the sower from Babylon, and him that handleth the sickle in the time of harvest: for fear of the oppressing sword they shall turn every one to his people, and they shall flee every one to his own land. Israel is a hunted sheep; the lions have driven him away: first, the King of Assyria devoured him; and now at last Nebuchadrezzar King of Babylon hath broken his bones. Therefore thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: “Behold, I will punish the King of Babylon and his land, as I have punished the King of Assyria. And I will bring Israel again to his pasture, and he shall feed on Carmel and Bashan, and his soul shall be satisfied upon the hills of Ephraim and in Gilead. In those days, and in that time, saith Jehovah, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found: for I will pardon them whom I leave as a Remnant. Go up against the land of Merathaim, even against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod: slay and utterly destroy after them, saith Jehovah, and do according to all that I have commanded thee. A sound of battle is in the land, and of great destruction. How is the Hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations (Gentiles)! I have laid a snare for thee, and thou art also taken, O Babylon, and thou wast not aware: thou art found, and also caught, because thou hast striven against Jehovah. Jehovah hath opened His Armory, and hath brought forth the weapons of His Indignation; for the Lord, Jehovah of Hosts, hath a work [to do] in the land of the Chaldeans. Come against her from the utmost border; open her store-houses; cast her up as heaps, and destroy her utterly; let nothing of her be left. Slay all her bullocks; let them go down to the slaughter: woe unto them! for their day is come, the time of their visitation. The voice of them that flee and escape out of the land of Babylon, to declare in Zion the vengeance of Jehovah our God, the Vengeance of His Temple. Call together the archers against Babylon, all them that bend the bow; encamp against her round about; let none thereof escape: recompense her according to her work; according to all that she hath done, do unto her; for she hath been proud against Jehovah, against the Holy One of Israel. Therefore shall her young men fall in her streets, and all her men of war shall be brought to silence in that day, saith Jehovah. Behold, I am against thee, O thou proud one, saith the Lord, Jehovah of Hosts; for thy day is come, the time that I will visit thee. And the proud one shall stumble and fall, and none shall raise him up; and I will kindle a fire in his cities, and it shall devour all that are round about him. Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts: The children of Israel and the children of Judah are oppressed together; and all that took them captive hold them fast; they refuse to let them go. Their Redeemer is strong; Jehovah of Hosts is His Name: He will thoroughly plead their cause, that He may give rest to the earth, and disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon. A sword is upon the Chaldeans, saith Jehovah, and upon the inhabitants of Babylon, and upon her princes, and upon her wise men. A sword is upon the boasters, and they shall become fools; a sword is upon her mighty men, and they shall be dismayed. A sword is upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all the mingled people that are in the midst of her; and they shall become as women: a sword is upon her treasures, and they shall be robbed. A drought is upon her waters, and they shall be dried up; for it is a land of graven images, and they are mad over idols. Therefore the wild beasts of the desert with the wolves shall dwell there, and the ostriches shall dwell therein: and it shall be no more inhabited for ever; neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation. As when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbor cities thereof, saith Jehovah, so shall no man dwell there, neither shall any son of man sojourn therein. Behold, a people cometh from the north; and a great nation and many kings shall be stirred up from the uttermost parts of the earth. They lay hold on bow and spear; they are cruel, and have no mercy; their voice roareth like the sea; and they ride upon horses, every one set in array, as a man to the battle, against thee, O Daughter of Babylon. The King of Babylon hath heard the tidings of them, and his hands wax feeble: anguish hath taken hold of him, [and] pangs as of a woman in travail. Behold, [the enemy] shall come up like a lion from the pride of the Jordan against the strong habitation: for I will suddenly make them run away from it; and whoso is chosen, him will I appoint over it: for who is like Me? and who will appoint Me a time? and who is the shepherd that can stand before Me? Therefore hear ye the counsel of Jehovah, that He hath taken against Babylon; and His Purposes, that he hath purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: Surely they shall drag them away, [even] the little ones of the flock; surely He shall make their habitation desolate over them. At the noise of the taking of Babylon the earth trembleth, and the cry is heard among the nations (Gentiles).”
The Lord continues: “Behold, I will raise up against Babylon, and against them that dwell in Leb-kamai, a destroying wind. And I will send unto Babylon strangers, that shall winnow her; and they shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about. Against [him that] bendeth let the archer bend his bow, and against [him that] lifteth himself up in his coat of mail: and spare ye not her young men; destroy ye utterly all her host. And they shall fall down slain in the land of the Chaldeans, and thrust through in her streets.” For Israel is not forsaken, nor Judah, of his God, of Jehovah of Hosts; though their land is full of guilt against the Holy One of Israel. Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and save every man his life; be not cut off in her iniquity: for it is the time of Jehovah’s Vengeance; He will render unto her a recompense. Babylon hath been a Golden Cup in Jehovah’s Hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations (Gentiles) have drunk of her wine; therefore the nations (Gentiles) are mad. Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: wail for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed. We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed: forsake her, and let us go every one into his own country; for her judgment reacheth unto heaven, and is lifted up even to the skies. Jehovah hath brought forth our righteousness: come, and let us declare in Zion the Work of Jehovah our God. Make sharp the arrows; hold firm the shields: Jehovah hath stirred up the spirit of the kings of the Medes; because His Purpose is against Babylon, to destroy it: for it is the Vengeance of Jehovah, the Vengeance of His Temple. Set up a standard against the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set the watchmen, prepare the ambushes; for Jehovah hath both purposed and done that which He spake concerning the inhabitants of Babylon. O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, the measure of thy covetousness. Jehovah of Hosts hath sworn by Himself, [saying], “Surely I will fill thee with men, as with the canker-worm; and they shall lift up a shout against thee”. He hath made the earth by His Power, He hath established the world by His Wisdom, and by His Understanding hath He stretched out the heavens: when He uttereth His Voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens, and He causeth the vapors to ascend from the ends of the earth; He maketh lightnings for the rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of His Treasuries. Every man is become brutish [and is] without knowledge; every goldsmith is put to shame by his image; for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them. They are vanity, a work of delusion: in the time of their visitation they shall perish. The Portion of Jacob is not like these; for He is the Former of all things; and [Israel] is the Tribe of His Inheritance: Jehovah of Hosts is His Name. Thou art My Battle-axe and Weapons of War: and with Thee will I break in pieces the nations (Gentiles); and with Thee will I destroy kingdoms; and with Thee will I break in pieces the horse and his rider; and with Thee will I break in pieces the chariot and him that rideth therein; and with Thee will I break in pieces man and woman; and with Thee will I break in pieces the old man and the youth; and with Thee will I break in pieces the young man and the virgin; and with Thee will I break in pieces the shepherd and his flock; and with Thee will I break in pieces the husbandman and his yoke [of oxen]; and with Thee will I break in pieces governors and deputies. And I will render unto Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight, saith Jehovah. Behold, I am against thee, O Destroying Mountain, saith Jehovah, which destroyest all the earth; and I will stretch out My Hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain. And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith Jehovah. Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations (Gentiles), prepare the nations (Gentiles) against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz: appoint a marshal against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough canker-worm. Prepare against her the nations (Gentiles), the kings of the Medes, the governors thereof, and all the deputies thereof, and all the land of their dominion. And the land trembleth and is in pain; for the purposes of Jehovah against Babylon do stand, to make the land of Babylon a desolation, without inhabitant. The mighty men of Babylon have forborne to fight, they remain in their strongholds; their might hath failed; they are become as women: her dwelling-places are set on fire; her bars are broken. One post shall run to meet another, and one messenger to met another, to show the King of Babylon that his city is taken on every quarter: and the passages are seized, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted. For thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel: The Daughter of Babylon is like a threshing-floor at the time when it is trodden; yet a little while, and the time of harvest shall come for her. Nebuchadrezzar the King of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath, like a monster, swallowed me up, he hath filled his maw (jaws) with my delicacies; he hath cast me out. The violence done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon, shall the inhabitant of Zion say; and, My blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea, shall Jerusalem say. Therefore thus saith Jehovah: Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her fountain dry. And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwelling-place for jackals, an astonishment, and a hissing, without inhabitant. They shall roar together like young lions; they shall growl as lions’ whelps. When they are heated, I will make their feast, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith Jehovah. I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter, like rams with he-goats. How is Sheshach taken! and the praise of the whole earth seized! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations (Gentiles)! The sea is come up upon Babylon; she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof. Her cities are become a desolation, a dry land, and a desert, a land wherein no man dwelleth, neither doth any son of man pass thereby. And I will execute judgment upon Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up; and the nations (Gentiles) shall not flow any more unto him: yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall. My People, go ye out of the midst of her, and save yourselves every man from the Fierce Anger of Jehovah. And let not your heart faint, neither fear ye for the tidings that shall be heard in the land; for tidings shall come one year, and after that in another year [shall come] tidings, and violence in the land, ruler against ruler. Therefore, behold, the days come, that I will execute judgment upon the graven images of Babylon; and her whole land shall be confounded; and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her. Then the heavens and the earth, and all that is therein, shall sing for joy over Babylon; for the destroyers shall come unto her from the north, saith Jehovah. As Babylon hath caused the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the land. Ye that have escaped the sword, go ye, stand not still; remember Jehovah from afar, and let Jerusalem come into your mind. We are confounded, because we have heard reproach; confusion hath covered our faces: for strangers are come into the Sanctuaries of Jehovah’s House. Wherefore, behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will execute judgment upon her graven images; and through all her land the wounded shall groan. Though Babylon should mount up to heaven, and though she should fortify the height of her strength, yet from Me shall destroyers come unto her, saith Jehovah. The sound of a cry from Babylon, and of great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans! For Jehovah layeth Babylon waste, and destroyeth out of her the great voice; and their waves roar like many waters; the noise of their voice is uttered: for the destroyer is come upon her, even upon Babylon, and her mighty men are taken, their bows are broken in pieces; for Jehovah is a God of recompenses, he will surely requite. And I will make drunk her princes and her wise men, her governors and her deputies, and her mighty men; and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, Whose Name is Jehovah of Hosts. Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts: The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly overthrown, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the peoples shall labor for vanity, and the nations (Gentiles) for the fire; and they shall be weary.”
The Word the Prophet Jeremiah spoke to Seraiah: When yu get to Babylon, read all these Words saying: Lord Yu have spoken concerning this place, to cut it off, that nothing live in it, no man or beast, but it will be ever desolate. After yu have read this Book, bind it a stone and throw it into the Euphrates River, saying: Thus shall Babylon sink, never to rise again because the doom I will bring on her, and they will be exhausted. The end of Jeremiah’s Words.

Zedekiah was 21 years old when he began to reign (chapter 52); he reigned 11 years in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was Hamutal bathJeremiah of Libnah. He did evil in the Lord’s Sight, like Jehoiakim did; so the Lord’s Anger (destroyed) Jerusalem & Judah, and exiled them from His Presence. Zedekiah rebelled against the King of Babylon: In the 9th year of his reign, the 10th month, 10th day of the month, King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon came, with all his army, against Jerusalem, and encamped against it; and they built forts against it round about. So the city was besieged to the 11th year of King Zedekiah. In the 4th month, the 9th day of the month, the famine was severe in the City, so that there was no bread for the people of the Land. A breach was made in the City, and all the men of war fled, and went forth out of the City by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the King’s Garden; (now the Chaldeans were against the city round about;) and they went toward the Arabah (Desert, South). The army of the Chaldeans pursued after the King, and overtook Zedekiah in the Plains of Jericho (some 5 miles from Jerusalem); and all his army was scattered from him. They took the King, and carried him up unto the King of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath (some 270 miles away); he gave judgment upon him. The King of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah. He put out the eyes of Zedekiah; the King of Babylon bound him in chains, and carried him to Babylon, and put him in prison till the day of his death. In the 5th month, in the 10th day of the month, the 19th year of King Nebuchadrezzar, King of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan the Captain of the Guard, who stood before the King of Babylon, into Jerusalem: and he burned the Lord’s House, and the King’s House; and all the houses of Jerusalem, every great house, burned he with fire. And the army of the Chaldeans with the Captain of the Guard, brake down all the Walls of Jerusalem round about. Nebuzaradan deported as captives the poorest of the people, and the Remnant of the people that were left in the City, and the deserters, that deserted to the King of Babylon, and the Remnant of the multitude. Nebuzaradan left of the poorest of the land to be vineyardmen and farmers. The Pillars of Brass that were in the Lord’s House, and the bases and the brazen sea that were in the Lord’s House, did the Chaldeans break in pieces, and carried all the brass of them to Babylon. The pots, shovels, snuffers, basins, spoons, and all the utensils of brass of service, took they away. The cups, firepans, basins, pots, candlesticks (lampstand), spoons, and bowls –what was of gold, in gold, what was of silver, in silver,– the Captain of the Guard removed. The two pillars, the one sea, and the twelve brazen bulls that were under the bases, which King Solomon had made for the Lord’s House –the brass of all these utensils was without weight; and the pillars: the height of the one pillar was 18 cubits; and a line of 12 cubits did compass it; and the thickness thereof was four fingers: it was hollow; a capital of brass was on it; and the height of the one capital was 5 cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the capital around, all of brass: the second pillar was like these; and pomegranates. There were 96 pomegranates on the sides; all the pomegranates were 100 on the network around. The Guard Captain took Chief Priest Seraiah, the second Priest Zephaniah, and the three keepers of the threshold: and out of the City he took an officer that was set over the men of war; and seven men of them that saw the King’s face, that were found in the City; and the Scribe of the Captain of the Host, who mustered the people of the Land; and 60 men of the people of the Land, that were found in the midst of the City. Nebuzaradan the Guard Captain took them, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah (270 miles away). The king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was exiled captive out of his Land. The people whom Nebuchadrezzar carried away captive: in the 7th year 3,020 Jews and 23 (others); in the 18th year of Nebuchadrezzar he deported captive from Jerusalem 832 persons; in the 23rd year of Nebuchadrezzar Nebuzaradan the Guard Captain deported captive of the Jews 745 persons: all the persons were 4,600. In the 37th year of the Captivity of King Jehoiachin of Judah, in the 12th month, in the 25th day of the month, King Evil-merodach of Babylon, in the [1st] year of his reign, he exalted King Jehoiachin of Judah, and brought him out of prison; and he spake kindly to him, and set his Throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon, and changed his prison garments. And [Jehoiachin] did eat bread before him continually all the days of his life: and for his allowance, there was a continual allowance given him by the King of Babylon, every day a portion, while he lived, till the day of his death.

Jeremiah’s Lamentations Concerning Judah & Jerusalem, the Promised Land, the City of God, the Lord’s Zion & House: Destruction, Desolation, Captivity, etc. (Selections from the 5 chapters illustrative of the whole, presented in poetic form.)

The City sit solitary, once full of people!
She is a Widow, once great among the Gentiles!
She was a Princess among the provinces now tributary!
She weeps in the night, her tears are on her cheeks:
Among all her lovers is none to comfort her:
All her friends deal treacherously with her; they are her enemies.
Judah is in Captivity because of affliction, because of great servitude:
She dwells among the Gentiles, she finds no rest:
All her persecutors overtook her within the straits.
The ways of Zion do mourn, none come to the solemn assembly:
All her gates are desolate, her priests do sigh:
Her virgins are afflicted, she herself is in bitterness.
Her adversaries are the head, her enemies prosper:
The Lord has afflicted her for the multitude of her transgressions:
Her young children are in Captivity with the adversary.
From the Daughter of Zion all her majesty is departed:
Her princes are like harts that find no pasture:
And they are without strength before the pursuer.
Jerusalem remembers in the days of her affliction:
And of her miseries all her pleasant things from the days of old:
Her people fell into the hand of the adversary, none did help her.
The adversaries saw her, they mock at her desolations.
Jerusalem hath grievously sinned; she is as an unclean thing:
All that honored her despise her, they see her nakedness:
Yea, she sighs, & turns backward.
Her filthiness was in her skirts; she remembered not her latter end:
She has come down wonderfully; she has no comforter:
Look, Lord , my affliction; the enemy has magnified himself.
The adversary has spread out his hand on all her pleasant things:
She has seen the Gentiles entered into her Sanctuary:
Concerning whom Thou did command that they should not enter into Thine Assembly.
All her people sigh, they seek bread:
They have given their pleasant things for food to refresh the soul:
See, Lord, and behold; for I am become abject.

For these things I weep; my eye, my eye runs with tears:
Because the Comforter to refresh my soul is far from me:
My children are desolate, because the enemy hath prevailed.

They heard I sigh; there is none to comfort me:
All my enemies heard of my trouble; they are glad Thou has done it:
Thou will bring the day Thou has proclaimed, they shall be like unto me.
Let all their wickedness come before Thee:
Do to them, as Thou has done to me for all my transgressions:
My sighs are many, and my heart is faint.

What shall I testify unto thee? what shall I liken to thee, Daughter of Jerusalem?
What shall I compare to thee, that I may comfort thee, O Virgin Daughter of Zion?
Thy breach is great like the sea: who can heal thee?
Thy prophets have seen for thee false & foolish visions:
They have not uncovered thine iniquity, to bring back thy Captivity:
But seen false oracles & causes of banishment.

I am the man that has seen affliction by the Rod of His Wrath.
He hath led me & caused me to walk in darkness, not in light.
Against me He turns His Hand again & again all the day.
My flesh & my skin has He made old; He has broken my bones.
He has built against me, & compassed me with gall & travail.
He has made me to dwell in dark places, as those long dead.
He walled me about, I can’t go forth; He has made my chain heavy.
Yea, when I cry, & call for help, He shuts out my prayer.

Let us search & try our ways, & turn again to the Lord.
Let us lift up our heart with our hands to God in the heavens.
We have transgressed & have rebelled: Thou has not pardoned.
Thou art covered with anger & pursued us; Thou hast slain, Thou has not pitied.
Thou has covered Thyself with a cloud, that no prayer can pass through.

I called on Thy Name, Lord, out of the lowest dungeon.
Thou heard my voice; hide not Thine ear at my breathing, at my cry.
Thou drew near in the day that I called on Thee; Thou saidst, Fear not.
Lord, Thou has pleaded the causes of my soul; Thou hast redeemed my life.
Lord, Thou has seen my wrong; judge Thou my cause.
Thou hast seen all their vengeance & all their devices against me.
Thou hast heard their reproach, Lord, & all their devices against me:
The lips of those that rose up against me, and their device against me all the day.
Behold Thou their sitting down, & their rising up; I am their song.
Thou will render to them a recompense, Lord, according to the work of their hands.
Thou will give them hardness of heart, Thy curse to them.
Thou will pursue them in anger, & destroy them from under the Heavens of the Lord.

The Lord has accomplished His Wrath, He has poured out His Fierce Anger:
He has kindled a fire in Zion, which hath devoured the foundations thereof.
The kings of the earth believed not, neither all the inhabitants of the world:
That the adversary & the enemy would enter into the gates of Jerusalem:
Because of the sins of her prophets, & the iniquities of her priests:
That shed the blood of the just in the midst of her.

Thou, Lord, abide for ever; Thy Throne is from generation to generation.
Why does Thou forget us always, & forsake us so long time?
Turn Thou us unto Thee, O Lord, & we shall be turned: Renew our days as of old.
But Thou has utterly rejected us; Thou are very wroth against us.

We have now completed our survey & digest of the Book of Jeremiah and his Lamentations in the Major Prophets of the Old Testament; wherein we have discovered that the Book of Jeremiah & his Lamentations are 20 % or 1/5th longer than the Book of Isaiah. Although Isaiah has 66 chapters, and Jeremiah 52, and his Lamentations 5, totaling 57; yet Jeremiah is the longer. If we print the Text of Isaiah in a given font, without notes & comments, we may take 100 pages; but Jeremiah & Lamentations will take 120 pages. We discovered and made known that the Divine Inspiration of the Holy Bible, Sacred Scriptures, determined to display the two dispensational Covenants of the Old & New Testaments in the 66 Chapters of Isaiah, to reveal & reflect the 66 Books of Scripture. We agreed with & allowed that the Book of Isaiah in its content has two great divisions, or partitions, that many scholars have discovered, and in deference to some of them we adopted that these divisions could be designated Isaiah 1 & Isaiah 2. We did not agree to or allow the notion & doctrine that these designations of the Book of Isaiah suggested two Isaiahs. We discovered that Isaiah reveals a greater or fuller dispensational spectrum than either Jeremiah or Ezekiel, of which we will see more clearly shortly. And as Jeremiah builds on & reflects the books the came before, so he would in turn influence those who follow. But more than this, is the Key Books of the Old Testament, namely, Genesis, Deuteronomy, Psalms, & Isaiah would generate in Jeremiah a distinct ministry and prophetic style as the Lord’s Word would come to him.
The structure of the Book of Jeremiah & his Lamentations is seen in the words designating the Lord’s Word & Jeremiah’s Prophecy to Judah, Jerusalem, the nations (Gentiles), a specific nation, an individual, etc. The direct Words of the Lord God from Himself to the Prophet, or the words of the Prophet intertwined with the Divine Message, or Jeremiah’s words of himself, or of Jerusalem, Judah, Israel, the people, leaders, etc., are indicative & subjunctive of the revelation in its totality. At times the transition is impossible to distinguish, at other times very clear; the representation of Jeremiah the man, a Jew or Israelite, to Jeremiah the type of the Nation, of Judah or Israel, is blended that both figures must be considered in the interpretation & application of Scripture. We have tried to help in this regard by the use of the colored fonts in the verses or paragraphs or chapters in this Book more carefully. And although it is a longer Book than Isaiah, yet the Messianic emphasis is much lesser than the other.
The prophetic words of Jeremiah contains at times much historic details, facts essential to the prophecy. As Isaiah was privileged to minister under King Hezekiah, so Jeremiah was blest to serve under King Josiah. His life and ministry would revolve around Jerusalem, extending thence to Judaea, Benjamin, Israel, and the nations near & far. Seventy (70) years has passed from Isaiah’s death to Jeremiah’s call. King Hezekiah’s son Manasseh became King at twelve (12) and ruled as a most wicked King for some 55 years, confirming the Divine Judgment of the Nation’s Desolation & Captivity. The Lord indeed sought to avert the doom, recalling the people to repentance & obedience, but to no avail. From the days of Moses to the days of Josiah & Jeremiah Israel continually failed in their covenantal relationship with the Lord their God. The nation as a whole or in division as two kingdoms, were not ever able to continue to be a people or nation to satisfy the Lord as a Husband & Provider, and even as their Father the relationship was constantly strained as was seen in Isaiah. Thus arose the need to save a part for the whole. All the nation as the Israel of God, from Moses to Samuel, must in turn be evaluated as the Houses of Israel & Judah during the monarchy from David to the Captivity. Both Houses being destroyed, the Land desolated, the People exiled, the Temple desecrated & dismantled, the City destroyed, the Walls demolished, left but a Remnant to salvage. That Remnant in Jeremiah continued to shrink to a questionable state of existence as a nation, a Jewish nation & people.

The Lord’s Word comes to Jeremiah in his youth, a member of a doomed nation, a citizen of a rebellious & obstinate people hell-bent on self-destruction. An order of Prophets with their attendant schools of disciples competed with an even larger body false prophets & priests, worshippers of idols & abominations. The Instrument of punishment was to be the Gentiles, the very Gentiles the people & nation of Israel had followed in their idolatry, wickedness, and immorality. God in truth had never completely abandoned the world – world that He so loved, that He created good, that was His family destined for eternity & immortality– which He often had occasion to interact with, with His people. The world has continued to expand & develope on exponential scale that made it difficult to predict, or foresee the immediate future, or the inevitable finality. Jeremiah was very much unqualified to be a Prophet to the Gentiles and the Monarchical Kingdoms as Assyria, Egypt, & Babylon. But since God was in charge, since the Lord was Lord over the nations & kingdoms, His chosen voice & servant was more than adequate to the end desired: ‘to pluck up, to break, down to destroy, to overthrow; to build & to plant’. For the next 40 years Jeremiah would labor to reconcile the nation to God.
Jeremiah sees a Almond Tree Rod and Boiling Cauldron facing north signifying that the Lord’s Word of Judgment will certainly be executed, and the northern power will invade and destroy Jerusalem & Judah. Jeremiah is to be a witness against all ranks of the Jews. Israel’s idolatry is an apostasy from the original 1st love with the Lord at the time of the Exodus & wilderness wanderings. From the time of the entrance into Canaan they have rebelled against the Lord & polluted the land. The entire land & nation, from north to south, from west to east; from Assyria to Egypt, from the Great Sea to Arabian deserts; is filled with idolatry; they have exchanged Glory for vanity, the Lord God for broken cisterns (the idols). The House of Israel has become a divorced adulteress Harlot, that despite their shameless immorality, the Lord desires to draw them back to Himself in holy matrimony.

The two Houses of Israel & Judah are Two Harlot Sisters married to the Lord, Whom they have despised, betrayed, abandoned, dishonored, & embarrassed among the Gentiles. The older sister, Israel, first committed adultery in their idolatry & abominations & total depravity; causing Him to divorce Israel by their Exile & Captivity. Judah, knowing this, chose to be more treacherous in following her older sister’s example, but pretending to still be a faithful wife; thus making her sister look pretty innocent in comparison. So the Lord invites the Remnant of the House of Israel to repent & return to Him, and He will reverse their Exile & Captivity. This restoration that is offered is a dispensational change from the Old Covenant to a New Covenant, with new relationship & responsibility. The Exodus will no longer be the Memorial of their liberty & blessing, but rather the Exile & Captivity. The Ark of the Covenant is replaced by the Throne of the Lord, with the Gentiles sharing in the new dispensation. The Houses of Israel & Judah shall be reunited, the people regathered to their homeland. But they will not have it. The Lord Messiah offers them a new age, a new millennium, in His Salvation & Kingdom. But they refuse. They will be like the Creation that was formed out of ruin & devastation due to the Lord’s Anger. Israel is such, a ruined & desolate Harlot still pretending to be attractive to seduce her lovers.
The Lord would pardon Jerusalem even this late of the day & hour if He could find just one Jew that was righteous & true in the streets of the City. Jeremiah tests this dire accusation from the Lord against His people; and he could not find none among the common people or from among the nobles. The state of Israel in adultery, idolatry, immorality, depravity, & treachery was like men at a whore’s tent, lined up like adulteress horses. The condition was now incurable & terminal. The Prophet sees only tragedy, calamity, & ruin as a gleaned vine on a people who have rejected the Lord’s Word & Law; they are dross & useless refuse.

The Lord’s House, the Temple of God, is not exempt in the denunciation and the condemnation of the prophetic Word. The call was to obedience to the Lord’s Way as found in the Law of Moses given to them to train & regulate their behavior to each other, to God, and to the Gentiles. Their righteousness to be externally expressed in love, kindness, caring, providing, sharing with their neighbor as members of the Divine Family. Their love to God in worship, service, ministry or liturgy or ritual; in submission & obedience to His Will & Word; namely to Him, for Him, & with Him in all things. Their relationship with the Gentiles, both near & far, limited & defined according to the Law, and at times the laws of peace & war, or at times by priestly injunctions, or by the prophetic word. These things would assure their protection & favor with the Lord. But the very opposite was the truth, and His House was made a Den of Robbers, and worse than at Shiloh. The Lord in His patience has continued to address the apostasy & depravity of the nation by sending to them His Servants the Prophets, one after another, from the Exodus to the Prophet Jeremiah. The places of sacrifices, offerings, and idolatry will soon be the Valley of Slaughter. From Dan to Jordan to Jerusalem all is hopeless, depraved, wicked, unredeemable. In Jeremiah the state & condition of the nation reached a point of lamentations, weeping, regret, grief, and despair or depression. The Prophet identifies with his people to suffer the Divine Wrath & and to appeal to God for reprieve. In this Jeremiah becomes the Type of the Messiah Christ, Who, in order to save them, must first visit in Divine Judgment, sharing in the sufferings, then judge the Gentiles in the same visitation, to allow all men to see the Lord as loving, just, & righteous, and treats all men the same according to their deeds & hearts. For though the Gentiles had long ago rejected God, become apostate & depraved according Genesis – Isaiah and Romans 2, and in turn God rejected the Nations as a whole, yet He called Abram from among the Gentiles to secure a holy people & nation for Himself. Israel was to be His Witness & Glory to the Gentiles, a light to the world, to support & anchor truth on earth. The world having turned the image & likeness of God to idols & vanities, made of stone, wood, iron, and clay; worshipping images of their imagination, ascribing honor & power to stupid objects that see nothing, hear nothing, know nothing, and can do nothing; instead of attributing to the Living God, the Lord & King of the world & creation. But Messiah will be like a Shepherd to His people and to the nations. Yet for all this Israel rejects & refuse salvation. But in Jeremiah Messiah is seen in the desire & the attempt to murder the Prophet that brought to them the Words of Deliverance & Salvation & Restoration. So the Lord must judge His people in order to save some of them.

The Lord’s Girdle-belt around His waist was the Nation of Israel of both Houses, to give Him honor & glory in the eyes of the world, but they satiated themselves with the Gentiles till they became deformed & useless to Him. They chose darkness instead of light; vanity instead of the Lord. They are without shame or humility; full of pride & boast; they love to entice & seduce; woe unto them. The Lord will no longer tolerate their worship, celebration, and festive days; He refuses to hear prayers for them; their prophets are liars & deceivers; their priests useless; all that is left is to shed tears at their doom. But Jeremiah as a Type of the Christ, intercedes on Israel’s behalf, that the Covenant would be remembered, and restoration still possible. The nation has become so evil that Moses or Samuel would not persuade the Lord to avert the coming destruction & desolation; what has been determined since the days of Manasseh, King Hezekiah’s son, whose wickedness sealed the nation’s fate beyond forgiveness or mercy. The righteous will find help in the midst of the fiery judgment, for the Lord remembers His promises. The Lord will side with those who side with Him. The times are such that a normal godly family cannot be raised, so the Prophet is forbidden to marry in his homeland which will soon be devastated. Neither should the Prophet socialize with those who feast & party, for loss, bereavement, & slavery awaits them. Soon the Old Covenant will end in disappointment, followed by those who shall fish & hunt their lives. In the aweful end shall the truth be known, and the Lord alone be seen, and His name known.
As in Psalm 1 the godly will be blest, the wicked judged, so in Jeremiah’s days, as in Isaiah’s days. The Prophet need not fear, the Lord will deliver him from all evil. The Sabbath is holy, a day to please the Lord by rest & relaxation, but they commercialized the Sabbath to their ruin in flames.

The lesson from the Potter’s House is the same for the nation that is no longer pleasing to the Lord. If a people, nation, kingdom determined or destined for destruction by the Lord, and the Lord’s Word comes to them to turn them from their evil ways, and they listen & obey the Word, then the Lord will change His intentions and pardon them, and will do good to them. But those who refuse, reject, and despise the Word of mercy shall receive the calamity, and the Lord will turn His back to them. The people have become annoyed at the Prophet for this constant opposition to their ways; they desire to murder him to silence him. He pleads his case to the Lord that he has often mediated on their behalf to avert judgment, but they are ungrateful; so he pleads for their utter destruction, children and all.
So too the lesson from the Potter’s Earthen Jar, which unlike the unfinished clay vessel able to be remade anew, the finished hardened earthen jar will not be good for anything once shattered to pieces. The Jews have become undesirable, the vessel contaminated, the bottle stained beyond cleansing; from kings to citizens, from Rehoboam to Josiah the Throne & the Kingdom have forsaken & estranged the Lord from all that belongs to Him. So He will smash the jar to pieces, and the People & the City will be no more.
The Chief Priest heard the Prophet Jeremiah, and he struck him, and jailed him; in turn Jeremiah predicts to him the Captivity of Jerusalem to the King of Babylon, and there he and all his friends will die as false prophets. Jeremiah takes the occasion to pray, and to praise the Lord for his vindication & protection; but still the Prophet is overwhelmed into depression like the experience of Job. King Zedekiah confronted with approach of the King of Babylon and possible siege of Jerusalem sends messengers to Jeremiah to inquire of the Lord. The Prophet predicts the King of Babylon will conquer Jerusalem, take the Jews into Captivity in Babylon; he will destroy the City, and burn the houses, and desolate the land. The Lord offers only one option to the Jews of Judaea & Jerusalem: surrender to the King of Babylon & the Chaldean army, submit to their Captivity that they may live; or choose the fire that will consume them.

The Lord considers a deal with the Jewish Monarch of the Davidic Throne: reform your ways, repent with good works, help the oppressed, give justice & equity to victims, violated, travelers & visitors, orphans & widows, or anyone innocent. In return the Lord will permit the continuance of the Davidic Throne & House instead of the doom; or choose the fire. Their ruin is due to their sins; there is no remedy for their sickness. King Josiah’s son, Shallum, will go into Captivity, never to return, his son will never sit on David’s Throne or live in David’s House. Unlike good King Josiah, Shallum will be cast out. The Shepherds of Israel, God’s Flock, will likewise be visited in Divine Judgment & Punishment. “And I will gather the Remnant of My Flock out of all the countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them again to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and multiply. And I will set up shepherds over them, who shall feed them; and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall any be lacking, saith Jehovah. Behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will raise unto David a Righteous Branch, and He shall reign as King and deal wisely, and shall execute justice and righteousness in the land. In His days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely; and this is His Name whereby He shall be called: Jehovah our Righteousness. Therefore, behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that they shall no more say, As Jehovah liveth, who brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt; but, As Jehovah liveth, Who brought up and Who led the seed of the House of Israel out of the north country, and from all the countries whither I had driven them. And they shall dwell in their own Land. ”
Jeremiah in response says: “My heart within me is broken, all my bones shake; I am like a drunken man, and like a man whom wine hath overcome, because of Jehovah, and because of His Holy Words. For the Land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the Land mourneth; the pastures of the wilderness are dried up. And their course is evil, and their might is not right; for both prophet and priest are profane.” The Lord’s House has been desecrated by the prophets & priests both before in Samaria of the Northern Kingdom of Israel; and now the same exists in Jerusalem, so that they are the new Sodom & Gomorrah in regards to the prophetic ministry of the Divine Word revealed to the people to turn them to the Lord –a horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies; and they strengthen the hands of evil-doers, so that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them become unto Me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah. The adulteration of the prophetic ministry was the final stage of apostasy; first the monarchy, then the priesthood, and the prophets. The apostasy was slowly developing into a useless substitution of the truth, climaxing in the death of the Divine Messenger & Visitor in the Christ, He Who was the Prophet, Priest, and King. John the Baptist the last of those Old Covenant Prophets, and Herod the alien false King of the Jews; the priesthood into a Sadducean pollution of unbelief, hypocrisy, and stupidity –judged by the standards of the Pharisees. The Lord at this time alters the prophetic office in its formal appearance so that the form it’s been taken from Isaiah to Jeremiah would no longer be acceptable. The prophetic office had gone through two distinct changes in the period of the Judges from Joshua to Samuel when the Mosaic Law was in the care of the House of Aaron & Priesthood of the Levites; then the period during the Monarchy in the Davidic Throne, prophets like Nathan of the old order (those who deferred to the Priests who consulted the Urim & Thumim) to radical changes in the dramatic display of the ministries of Elijah & Elisha to the prophets who began to write out their prophecies which would become Scripture, Isaiah being the greatest of them all. The Word, that is, Scripture, must now be guarded against the charlatan pseudo-prophets who were liars, dreamers, half-insane, or just plain deceivers & hypocrites speaking out of their own head as if it was heaven. But these false prophets had they really accomplished righteousness, truth, obedience to the Law, or a people practicing morality & virtue then even they would be acceptable to the Lord as not being injurious to the Divine Revelation or the nature of inspiration. The Lord’s Name & Word suffered by these madmen telling their dreams & hallucinating thoughts. Therefore they no longer are allowed to say, “the Burden of the Lord”, whether people, prophet, or priest will be punished by the Lord for saying the “the Lord’s Burden”.

So too are the Two Baskets of Figs, one with good figs, the other with bad figs, set before the Lord’s Temple. The Remnant in Captivity will be preserved, and in time return to the promised land; but the Remnant who followed the King in refusal to submit will be destroyed completely.

The Lord has sent Jeremiah for 23 years now to recall the Jews to reform & return, just like He has for many more years by His Servants the Prophets before Jeremiah & King Josiah. Therefore the Lord has determined to give to His Servant, the King of Babylon, the entire land & all the nations nearby, to destroy & conquer all the Gentiles, for 70 years. But after the 70 years the Lord will in turn execute judgment on Babylon & the Chaldeans. The Lord has given the Cup of the Wine of Wrath to all the Gentiles along with the Jews, to intoxicate them to desolation & death. From Egypt to Syria, from the Great Sea to Trans-Jordan, the Arabians, Elam, Medes, north to south, nations near & far, namely all the kingdoms of the world on earth. all will drink and become drunk with the Wine from the Cup of Wrath; and He will tread them all. The judgment of God will extend to many generations till nothing is left.

Again the Lord seeking to turn Israel back to Himself sends His Word through Jeremiah to the Jews in the reign of King Jehoiakim, King Josiah’s son, with all his court of his House & the Lord’s House. The message is the same repent, reform, return; but with this threat that the Lord will make the House like He did at Shiloh in utter destruction, and the City a curse even among all the Gentiles on earth. The People, the Prophets, the Priests, and the Princes arrest Jeremiah and to declare a death sentence upon him for prophesying the doom of the Temple like in Shiloh and the City in desolation. Jeremiah insists to them that the Lord has sent him to them these words & to turn them about. The Priests & the Prophets insist he must die, but the Princes & the People change their opinion and agree that Jeremiah must not die for speaking to them the Lord’s Word. Two examples are given by some Elders: Micah the Morashite in the days of King Hezekiah who prophesied against the City & the House; but Hezekiah never attempted to put him to death. And Uriah prophesied very similar to Jeremiah not long ago, and when King Jehoiakim & his court of Princes & Warriors heard his words they attempted to kill him, but he fled in fear to Egypt, but Jehoiakim sent men to arrest him, and they brought him back to the King, who put him to death in a shameful way. Ahikam benShaphan persuaded the decision not to put Jeremiah to death. We learn from this case that the Priests & the Prophets were the most resistant to the prophetic ministry of Jeremiah, influencing the People and the Throne in the evil of adultery, idolatry, immorality, and evey shameful vice; or on the other hand, not leading them to virtue, faith, truth, love, obedience, and every good deed.
Another prophecy is recorded that was given during the reign of King Jehoiakim concerning Bonds & Bars as applicable to the near nations of Edom, Moab, Ammon, Tyre, & Sidon; and now applied to the reign of King Zedekiah (some dozen years later). The prophecy predicts the King of Babylon conquering all the region in its imperial expansion from Mesopotamia; that the Divine Favor & Choice was towards Babylon & the Chaldeans to subdue or destroy all the nations within its grasp, from Egypt to Syria, from the great Sea to the Arabian deserts, all the nations on either side of the Jordan River; and any nation along the way that would not surrender, submit, or cooperate with Babylon. The yoke of Babylon would be made of iron instead of wood; and those nations which yield to Babylon’s yoke will survive & thrive in their Captivity & Restoration. Jeremiah pleads with King Zedekiah to submit to the Chaldeans, and not to listen to the lying prophets who predict escape from the hands of the King of Babylon. This is further emphasized & reinforced in the 4th year of King Zedekiah (some 7 years from the end of Jerusalem & the Temple, from the Exile & Captivity), by the Prophet Hananiah of Gibeon prophesying in the Lord’s House to Jeremiah & the Priests & the People that the Lord will break the yoke of the King of Babylon within two years, and cause the Jews & the Temple vessels to return to Jerusalem & Judah. Jeremiah gives his ‘amen’ to Hananiah’s words, that the Lord would so do it. But added that the prophets who have predicted peace & short Captivity will be known to be true or liars when their predictions are fulfilled. Hananiah removed the wooden yoke from Jeremiah & broke it to signify what will happen to Babylon. The Lord Sends word to Jeremiah for this false prophet: he has broken a wooden yoke, but an iron one will replace it; and Hananiah will die in two months.

Jeremiah sent a letter to the deported captives after King Jeconiah, the Queen-Mother, along with his court, craftsmen, and smiths, had been taken to Babylon, during the reign of King Zedekiah, saying: the Jews should make home in Babylon, increase & prosper, and pray for Babylon. Disregard the lying & deceiving prophets in Babylon who predict a short duration for the Captivity; for the Exile will continue till 70 years is completed before the Jews are restored to the promised Land & the holy City from among the Gentiles near & far. But if they refuse to heed these instructions, then doo, destruction, and desolation awaits them. Neither will Shemaiah & Zephaniah & the priests escape Divine Wrath for sending letters opposing Jeremiah’s prophecy.

We are coming to the close of Jeremiah’s prophetic ministry in which all dispensational options & opportunities are exhausted. Jeremiah is told to Record in Book, that is on a Scroll, all the Prophetic Revelation that has been given to Israel & the Gentiles; so that the hope of the Restoration might sustain the Remnant during the Captivity. The Lord promises that after Jacob’s Trouble there will be a new age of liberty; the Babylonian yoke of Captivity & Slavery will be broken, that Israel may serve the Lord their God and David their King, Who will be raised up to them. He promises to remember them in their Captivity & Diaspora, wherever they have been dispersed among the Gentiles; and the Gentiles will suffer retribution to their termination of dominance in the world government; once the Divine Punishment on the Nation of Israel is fully meted out. The Lord as God must judge sin in all its forms, in each man, people, nation, and in the world. But the means whereby He chastises one He must judge the evil in them, and so recompence the Divine Retribution throughout earth. The Lord’s People may be Lo-Ammi, Outcasts & Rejected, in judgment, yet in the grace of salvation, in mercy & forgiveness, He will help them in their sufferings. One day in the future, near or far, in the latter days these things will be seen & understood; namely, in the days of Messiah. “At that time, saith Jehovah, will I be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be My People.” The Lord will yet have a People unto Himself from the Remnant of Israel & Judah, and of the two He will reunite into one; Ephraim & Samaria will be one with Judah & Jerusalem as one flock with One Shepherd: “for I am a Father to Israel, and Ephraim is My First-born.” When the Lord restores Israel & Judah there will great joy & celebration, the Gentiles will see the Lord’s Goodness & Glory. Rachel will no longer weep for her lost children; Ephraim will be found & return. At that time the Lord will make a New Covenant with both Houses not like the former Covenant that they violated; but the New Covenant will be constituted internally, the Lord’s Law written within in the hearts; the Lord’s people will know Him personally & experientially as the saved, redeemed, restored, as in a new birth. The promises of God fulfilled; the blessings of God multiplied forever.

We come to the last year before Jerusalem’s destruction by the King of Babylon, it is the 10th year of King Zedekiah and the 18th year of King Nebuchadrezzar; in one year hence Jerusalem would fall, and its citizens, King and all, would go into Captivity. The Chaldeans were besieging the City, and the Prophet Jeremiah jailed in the Guard Court for predicting the Exile & Captivity. The Lord tells Jeremiah to redeem from his cousin the field in Anathoth of Benjamin and have it sealed with witnesses; then put the document in an earthen jar to preserve the deed for many years; this to signify that after the Captivity there will be a Restoration to a life in the Promised Land & City. Jeremiah responds to the Lord in confession & praise, reminding the Lord of all He has done from the Exodus to the present; yet is perplexed of the promise of future Restoration at the doorsteps of Destruction. The Lord responds to Jeremiah: Nothing is too hard for the Lord to accomplish; Jerusalem & Judah must be destroyed and the Land desolated, and the People reduced to a small Remnant, for all their sins, vice, violence, idolatry, abomination to Molech, provocation, and disobedience from the City’s founding in the days of David to this very hour. This destruction will be the Divine Judgment at the hands of the King of Babylon. Yet despite the Divine Punishment & Retribution on His People, the Lord promises to save them, to gather them from their Captivity among the Gentiles, to bless them, and to restore them to their Land & City to have a life of joy & peace.

A further Word to Jeremiah at that time: The Lord will certainly bring about a full & complete Restoration in every way throughout Jerusalem Judah, and Israel. It will be so wonderful that the Gentiles will hear of it in shock & admiration of the Lord’s Power & Grace. In that day Messiah will be a Branch of Righteousness (Jehovah our Righteousness) grown to David, for justice, righteousness, and salvation, to establish an everlasting Kingdom throughout Israel. The Davidic Covenant shall not be annulled but David’s Throne will be established as the heavens & the earth are ordered; the priesthood will minister to the Lord. Again, so too the Abrahamic Covenant will not be forgotten, but the Seed of Abraham shall be released from their Captivity.

During the siege of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans & other nations with the King of Babylon the Lord tells Jeremiah to reassure King Zedekiah, that in the Captivity he will not be killed, but will die in peace with a king’s memorial. During the time of the siege King Zedekiah covenanted to release the Hebrew slaves & Jewish bond-servants, male & female, which was in accordance to the Law of Moses given by the Lord; but soon afterward they broke their covenant and reenslaved them. The Lord was very displeased, and sent Word by Jeremiah reminding them of the Exodus, and of the Law demanding the Hebrew slaves & servants be released in the 7th year service. This Covenant with God they violated by depriving the Hebrew & Jewish slaves & servants of their freedom by reenslaving them. The Lord therefore determines death to those with King Zedekiah his court & nobles; yet Zedekiah, as promised, will not be put to death, but it will cost him his eyes.

We return to the days of King Jehoiakim some 20 years earlier; the Lord tells Jeremiah to go to the House of the Rechabites, and bring them into the Lord’s House to drink wine; but they refused because their father Jonadab, Rechab’s son, had strictly commanded them not to drink wine, build houses, sow or plant, or even have vineyards, but only to dwell in tents as pilgrims & sojourners during the oppression. They migrated to Jerusalem in fear of the Chaldeans & Syrians invasion of the Northern Kingdom. The Lord so admired the Rechabites for their obedience & faithfulness that He regrets that He wished His People would be such with Him. But they are doomed. The Lord tells Jeremiah that the Rechabites will never cease to exist & stand in the Lord’s Presence.

Again in those days, in the 4th year of King Jehoiakim, the Lord tells Jeremiah to record all the prophetic words spoken against Israel, Judah, & the Gentiles from the days of Josiah to Jehoiakim; perhaps this will turn them to the Lord. Jeremiah dictated the prophecies to Baruch who recorded them on a scroll, then afterwards had him read it in the Lord’s House on the Fast-Day; (in the 5th year, 9th month, of King Jehoikam the Reading took place) Jeremiah himself still imprisoned, Baruch read Book of Prophecies to people in the Lord’s House. Some who heard the Scroll read by Baruch reported to those of the King’s court, they had Baruch come to their chamber and read the Scroll. They said they would report the Reading to the King, but first wanted to know how he exactly wrote the words of Jeremiah, and Baruch told them he dictated to him word by word. The princes told Baruch that he & Jeremiah to hide themselves where no one knows; and princes put the Scroll in a safe place. The King demanded the Scroll be brought to him; as it was being read the King cut off 3 or 4 leaves at a time and threw them in the fire till the entire Scroll was consumed by fire. They showed no fear, remorse, or regret for what they did. The King ordered the arrest of Jeremiah & Baruch, but the Lord hid them. Soon the Lord told Jeremiah to take another Scroll and record all the prophetic words formerly written in the Book. The Lord further told Jeremiah to tell King Jehoiakim that though he has burned the Scroll that predicted the King of Babylon destruction of Jerusalem, it will most certainly happen as recorded. The King himself will die childless without a heir to the Throne. So Jeremiah & Baruch reproduced the prophecies and added additional prophecies to the Book.

King Zedekiah, King Josiah’s youngest son, sat on the Throne in place of Coniah, King Jehoiakim’s son, whom King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon enthroned. Zedekiah and his court asked the Prophet Jeremiah to pray for them. Soon news came that Pharaoh’s army was advancing from Egypt, so the Chaldeans discontinued their siege & assault on Jerusalem.
The Lord responds to the King & court, and tells the Prophet Jeremiah: Egypt will not save you from the Chaldeans who shall return and destroy the City; and even if just a few wounded Chaldeans should remain, they will rise to burn the City. Jeremiah at this time left Jerusalem and returned to his home in Benjamin. When he reached the gate he was arrested as traitor, which he denied; he was brought to the princes who struck him, and jailed him, and confined him in the dungeon-house. King Zedekiah secretly brought him to ask him for any Word from the Lord; Jeremiah told him he would be taken captive by the King of Babylon. Jeremiah further complained about the prophets who prophesied of peace, safety, and deliverance from the King of Babylon; also he asked why he is imprisoned; also he requested not to be returned to die in the house of the Scribe Jonathan. The King granted that he be kept in the Guard Court, and daily bread be provided for him till there was none. Three of the court princes heard Jeremiah’s words against the City, and demanded the King put him to death for subverting the warriors to harm the people. The King consented to them throwing Jeremiah into a dungeon of mud to die. The Ethiopian Eunuch in the King’s House, Ebed-melech, petitioned the King to save Jeremiah before he dies, the King orders him, with 30 warriors to rescue the Prophet; and they returned him to the Guard Court. Zedekiah privately consults Jeremiah as to a Word from the Lord; Jeremiah is reluctant to seek or speak, being in fear of being put to death; the King swears to in the Lord’s Name that he will not allow him to be killed. Jeremiah tells him the Lord says to submit and live; but if you refuse & resist you will no escape. The King says he fears the deserters will turn on him, mock & abuse him to the Chaldeans. He refuses the warning, so Jeremiah told him the Lord says that even the women & children of the King’s House will be taken captive to the princes of Babylon, and the City burnt. The King forbids Jeremiah to disclose their talk, and advises him what to say if asked. So Jeremiah remained a prisoner till the Captivity.

Jerusalem was besieged in the 9th year, 10th month, of King Zedekiah, and captured in 11th year, 4th month, by King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon; whose princes seated themselves in the middle gate of the city. King Zedekiah with his warriors fled by way of King’s Garden towards the Arabah southward, but the Chaldeans caught him in the Plains of Jericho about 5 miles from Jerusalem. They brought King Zedekiah, all those with him, with other captives, to King Nebuchadrezzar at Riblah some 270 miles north. He put to death Zedekiah’s sons in his presence, and the nobles; he put out Zedekiah’s eyes & chained him, and took him to Babylon some 450 miles away. The Chaldeans completely destroyed the City, torched the King’s House & the houses of the nobles, and demolished the walls of the city. The Guard Captain Nebuzaradan deported the captives of the remnant of the Jews of Jerusalem, deserters, and others. He left the poorest & homeless to work the land. While Jeremiah was till imprisoned the Lord tells him to tell the Ethiopian Ebed-melech that he will be protected & preserved during the fall of the city, since he has trusted in the Lord.
The Lord Word again comes to Jeremiah after his release from jail by Guard Captain. The Guard Captain relates to Jeremiah that the Jews & Jerusalem’s destruction is due their sins against the Lord; but he released Jeremiah to go free wherever he desired. He further told Gedaliah, the Governor over Judah, appointed by the King of Babylon, that he & Jeremiah may go where they please in the land; and he gave Jeremiah a gift. Now those who resisted the Chaldeans (Ishmael & his warriors), escaping to neighboring cities & states heard that Gedaliah was appointed Governor, they came to him at Mizpah. Gedaliah swore to them that if they submit & serve the King of Babylon it will go well for them. But soon word spread that Ishmael planned to murder Gedaliah the Governor; but Johanan with his fighters warned Gedaliah that King Baalis of the Ammonites has sent Ishmael to kill him, and so doom the Jews. He ask to allow him to go and kill Ishmael first; but Gedaliah rejected the news, calling it a lie. In the 7th month Ishmael of King’s court, and of the royal family, along with 10 men, came and murdered Gedaliah, also he murdered those with him, and the Chaldean warriors. It was not known when 80 men from Shechem, Shiloh, and Samaria came to offer sacrifices in the Lord’s House, so he deceived them and murdered them also. Two of them pleaded for their life saying they had supplies hidden away, so he spared them; but he dumped the bodies in the pit that King Asa made when he was afraid of King Baasha of Israel. Ishmael then took as captives the remnant of those at Mizpah, including the King’s daughter to escape to the Ammonites; but Johanan with his warriors pursued them, and caught him about 5 miles from Jerusalem at the waters of Gibeon. The captured people where glad to see Johanan & his men; Ishmael & 8 men escaped to Ammon-Jordan; and Johanan recovered all that Ishmael took captive. But Johanan & his men, and the Jews were afraid to stay in Jerusalem & Judah because of the Chaldeans & what Ishmael did, so they stayed in Bethlehem planning to flee to Egypt. Johanan & Jews ask Jeremiah to pray for them, and ask the Lord for direction, promising obedience. Jeremiah reluctantly agrees. The Lord 10 days later tells him to tell them that if they abide in the Land they will prosper & increase & He will protect them from the King of Babylon; but if they refuse, and flee into Egypt they will utterly be destroyed in Egypt. Jeremiah added further reproof, that they sent him to intercede & mediate on their behalf, promising to obey, but they refuse to obey the Lord, so they will die in Egypt. When Jeremiah finished his reproof, Johanan & his men responded that Jeremiah was lying, that Baruch has set him against the Jews for their ruin. They then took all Jews, remnant and all, with Jeremiah & Baruch, and lead them into Egypt, to Tahpanes some 250 miles south. The Lord there told Jeremiah to take large stones and set them up in morter in the brickwork at the entry of Pharaoh’s House in Tahpanes in public view; then tell them that He will set the Throne of the King of Babylon on these very stones; and he will destroy Egypt, take captives & kill many; the Lord will torch the houses of the idols of Egypt.

The Lord gives the Word to Jeremiah concerning the Jews in Egypt at Migdol, Tahpanes, Memphis, and Pathros concerning His destruction & desolation of Jerusalem & Judah because of their wickedness & idolatry, despite all the warnings by the Lord’s Prophets. Now they again show their rebellion & disobedience by migrating to Egypt; they still reject & ignore His Law & Statutes; therefore they will be reduced to a very few remnant. The idolaters whose wives worshipped the Queen of Heaven declared their opposition to the Prophet Jeremiah, claiming that when they were faithful to her all was well, but since neglecting her worship disaster has come. Jeremiah rebuked them for their sins, abominations, and idolatry, for which cause Divine Judgment & Retribution has come. Therefore the Lord will destroy the Jews & the Egyptians in Egypt, and King Pharaoh Hophra of Egypt will be given to King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon just like King Zedekiah of Judah.

The Lord tells Jeremiah in the 4th year of King Jehoiakim concerning Baruch who had written out the words of Jeremiah: Why are you seeking great things; do not seek them; the Lord will spare yur life in the midst of the destruction.

The Lord’s Word concerning the Gentiles:
Egypt: King Pharaoh Neco’s army was in Carchemish near the River Euphrates, King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon smote them in the 4th year of King Jehoiakim: Prepare for the battle; you will be defeated by the River; Egypt rises as the Nile but will fall like other rivers, the earth will be flooded: Cush, Put, Gilead, will be overrun. The Lord’s Word of Egypt’s demise: Let the news be spread in Egypt, Migdol, Memphis, Tahpanes, that the Lord is against Egypt, they shall be driven in fear; Pharaoh will not avail as help, or deliver from Captivity. The Lord will punish Amon of No, Pharaoh, and Egypt with her idols, by the King of Babylon. But He will spare His people after He makes a full end of all the Gentiles that rule them, He will return them to the Promised Land.
The Philistines: before Pharaoh attacked Gaza: destruction & desolation like a flood will overrun the Philistines, Tyre, Sidon, Caphtor, Gaza, Ashkelon, and the sea-coast; the Lord’s Sword will devour.
Moab: Nebo, Kiriathaim, Misgab, Moab, Heshbon, Madmen, Horonaim, Luhith, Chemosh, Dibon, Aroer, Arnon (River), Holon, Jahzah, Mephaath, Beth-diblathaim, Beth-gamul, Beth-meon, Kerioth, Bozrah, Kir-heres, Jazer, Elealeh, Zoar, Eglath-shelishiyah, Nimrim: woe, ruin, shame, demolished, humbled, cut off, destroyed, distress, etc.; they will be taken in Captivity,Chemosh and all his princes & priests; all Moab will be desolate & ashamed. There is no escape, no deliverance, only tears, sorrow, and wrath; from north to south tragedy, calamity, and misery. This is the judgment on Moab.
Ammon: Malcam, Rabbah, Ammon, Ai: Malcam possesses Gad of Israel; war comes on Ammon, he shall not escape, but will go into Captivity. But afterwards the Lord will restore the Ammonites.
Edom: Teman, Dedan, Esau (Edom), Southern Arabah below Dead Sea, Bozrah (along Kings Highway, 100 miles south to north), Jordan (River): The wisdom of Edom shall be confounded, Esau will be stripped naked, let the women & children trust in the Lord; the nations will gather against Edom and reduce them to nothing, an empty desert, as Sodom & Gomorrah, a desolate wilderness.
Damascus: Hamath, Arpad, Damascus: Damascus will be confounded, as a pregnant woman they will be troubled & torched; the palaces of Ben-hadad will be devoured.
Kedar, the kingdoms of Hazor, (the Arabians, the children of the east): Destroy them, make them cry & flee; King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon comes against you, you will be made desolate.
Elam: Elam will be scattered among the nations, dismayed, outcasts, consumed by the sword; but in the future times I will restore Elam.
Babylon (Chaldeans): Let all the Gentiles know the news: Babylon is taken; her idols, Bel & Merodach, and her images, are all put to shame & dismayed. A northern power (Median-Persian, the Achaemenid Empire) will invade & capture Babylon. Israel & Judah will be allowed to return to their Homeland, Zion. Chaldea will be requited for all the evil committed against the Lord’s People; the nations will oppress her. As Assyria was repaid for what they did to Israel, so Babylon will be recompensed for what they did to Judah. Israel & Judah will enjoy their land from north to south, from east to west; the Remnant shall be saved & restored. The Lord’s Vengeance for Zion & for His Temple; Babylon is fallen, Israel is delivered. The sword devours Babylon & Chaldea, famine & drought is upon them; they are ruined as Sodom & Gomorrah forever. The Daughter of Babylon is besieged; the King of Babylon is as a pregnant woman in labor. The Lord’s intent is against Babylon, all the nations (Gentiles) will hear the news. The Lord will utterly destroy Babylon & Chaldea. Let Israel & Judah flee from Babylon in the land of the Chaldeans, the Golden Cup in the Lord’s Hand, that intoxicated the earth and the nations. Babylon is fallen & destroyed, let the captives return to their homeland; the Medes have come against Babylon with the Lord’s Vengeance. The Lord is God over all His Works, He has made all things by Wisdom & Understanding & Power, He speaks, and it is done; idols & images are vanities. Israel is the Lord’s Tool & Weapon of war & conquest. The Lord is against Babylon the Mountain that destroys the earth; let the Gentiles come against her, the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, Ashkenaz, (the northern powers under the Medes & Persians); let them desolate her. The Daughter of Babylon will be as in the harvest, trodden & threshed; let couriers run to relay that the nations are at the gates. The King of Babylon has devoured Israel, now the Gentiles will destroy the Chaldeans; they will come against Babylon on all sides; Sheshack is taken, Bell in Babylon will vomit, the walls demolished. Let the Lord’s People escape from Babylon, from the news of destruction & slaughter; let the heavens rejoice that Babylon is destroyed, her idols judged, her lan confounded. It is time for the Lord’s Judgment on Babylon, the God of Recompence to requite; He will intoxicate Babylon’s wise, governors, deputies, and warriors; they will sleep forever. Babylon’s broad walls will be demolished, her high gates burnt; her peoples labor for vanity, the nations for fire, till they are exhausted.
The Prophet Jeremiah told Seraiahto read all these words on arrival to Babylon, and to say: “Lord Yu have spoken concerning this place, to cut it off, that nothing live in it, no man or beast, but it will be ever desolate.” After reading the Book or Scroll, tie it to a stone and throw it into the Euphrates River, saying: “Thus shall Babylon sink, never to rise again because the doom I will bring on her, and they will be exhausted.”
The end of Jeremiah’s Words.

King Zedekiah was 21 years old when he was enthroned, he ruled 11 years in Jerusalem; he was evil like Jehoiakim, and because of him the Lord destroyed Jerusalem & Judah, and exiled them to Captivity. Zedekiah rebelled against the King of Babylon, so in the 9th year, 10th month, 10th day King Nebuchadrezzar started to besiege Jerusalem, and in the 11th year of Zedekiah the City was besieged; in the 4th month, 9th day, the famine was so severe that the bread ran out in the City. When the walls were breached they all fled by way of the King’s Garden, going south towards the Arabah. The Chaldeans pursued, caught them in the Plains of Jericho, some 5 miles from Jerusalem, and his warriors deserted him. They took the King and carried him to the King of Babylon at Riblah some 270 miles north to be judged. The King of Babylon put to death Zedekiah’s sons in his presence, and all the princes of Judah; he put out Zedekiah’s eyes, put him in chains, took him to Babylon and imprisoned him till the day of his death. The Guard Captain of King of Babylon, Nebuzaradan, he torched the Lord’s House & the King’s House, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the great houses. The walls of Jerusalem were demolished; he deported from Jerusalem the poorest, the Remnant, the deserters; but left the poorest of the land to tend to vineyards & farms. He dismantled the Lord’s House, the Temple, to transport the valuables to Babylon: the Pillars of Brass, bases, brazen sea, pots, shovels, snuffers, basins, candlesticks (lampstands), spoons, and bowls; ––golden things, silver things, brass things, etc. The things that King Solomon had made for the Lord’s House were taken ––the Temple was desecrated, pilfered, pillaged, and torn apart. The Guard Captain took captive the Chief Priest Seraiah, the second Priest Zephaniah, and the three keepers of the entrance: and out of the City he took an officer that was set over the men of war; and seven men of them that saw the King’s face, that were found in the City; and the Scribe of the Captain of the Host, who mustered the people of the Land; and 60 men of the Land, that were found in the City. He took them, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah some 270 miles away. The King of Babylon put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was exiled captive out of his Land. The people whom Nebuchadrezzar carried away captive: in the 7th year 3,020 Jews and 23 (others); in the 18th year of Nebuchadrezzar he deported captive from Jerusalem 832 persons; in the 23rd year of Nebuchadrezzar Nebuzaradan the Guard Captain deported captive of the Jews 745 persons: all the persons were 4,600. In the 37th year of the Captivity of King Jehoiachin of Judah, in the 12th month, in the 25th day of the month, King Evil-merodach of Babylon, in the [1st] year of his reign, he exalted King Jehoiachin of Judah, and brought him out of prison; and he spake kindly to him, and set his Throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon, and changed his prison garments. And [Jehoiachin] did eat bread before him continually all the days of his life: and for his allowance, there was a continual allowance given him by the King of Babylon, every day a portion, while he lived, till the day of his death.

Jeremiah’s Lamentations Concerning Judah & Jerusalem, the Promised Land, the City of God, the Lord’s Zion & House: Destruction, Desolation, Captivity; deserted City, a Widowed Princess, tears & sorrows; forgotten by lovers, betrayed by friends, afflicted & enslaved in Captivity, an alien & stranger among the Gentiles, persecuted, forsaken, despised; mourners of Zion & the feasts, restless, anxious, bitter, adversity, calamity, tragedy; priests sigh, majesty gone, famished princes; rejected, dishonored, divorced, shamed, etc., etc., etc.

We will now bring some of these things together to keep before our eyes the development in the prophetic office in the ministry of Isaiah and Jeremiah in order to move on to Ezekiel. The world was getting larger & larger, mankind was no longer restricted to a few places near rivers & lakes. Mesopotamia & Egypt was being resisted & challenged by new races & nations. Small nations were learning the art of war and the use of weapons to wage significant assaults on the super nations like Egypt, Assyria, and Babylon. Human progress & achievements were miraculous in comparison to older generations. The use of reading & writing was changing civilization in ways never dreamed of by former times. In regard to God’s Interest & Testimony the world had become alienated by wickedness & idolatry, man had become more apostate. The Monarchy was responsible to guide the nation in God’s Way, Law, and Will; but Monarchy soon became the greatest hindrance to repentance, reformation, and revival. From King David to King Uzziah, some 200 years, the Monarchy deteriorated in Judah into something alien to God. The Northern Kingdom with its subversive Monarchy from Jeroboam I to Jeroboam II, also about 200 years, had reached the state where the Lord would no longer tolerate the monarchical rule, so He sent to them the early Minor Prophets like Jonah, Joel, Amos, Hosea, and Micah, in hopes of drawing them back to Himself. Judah was becoming like Samaria; the House of David was following the ways of the House of Joseph. In this tragic trajectory of apostasy He sent Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel; both to warn them, and to reveal the changes in the dispensation as related to the Covenant & the Gentiles. The failure of Israel, the Jewish Nation, was to allow God to interact with the Gentiles in special friendly manner; Israel having become no different than the Gentiles, and at times worse. Friendship is offered to the Gentiles if in the Divine Judgment they treat the Jew fairly & properly; but if they do not, then enmity will be maintained till the appointed time. An example of what we speak is found in King Cyrus the Lord’s Anointed treating the Jews well; but in the King of Babylon the enmity became deadly.
We have already given our Reflections on the Book of Isaiah, so we are here concerned with the Book of Jeremiah in his ministry, testimony, and experience of his prophetic office. The Prophet Jeremiah was called to witness for the Lord against Jerusalem & Judah, and with them, against Samaria & Ephraim as the Remnant, the House of Joseph having been taken into Captivity some 80 years before Jeremiah was called & sent. Judah, like Ephraim, must come to an end, but within the dispensational conditions of the broken covenant. Good King Uzziah was a foolish King to intrude on the priesthood, for which he was a leper till his death, thus becoming useless in the Monarchy, his court & son using the Throne. Idolatry as adultery in immorality was the condition of the People & the State. The Signs & Symbols (Almond Tree Rod, Boiling Cauldron, Two Harlot Sisters, Girdle-belt, etc.) was to depict their condition & their punishment, that is, the symptom. The relations, that is the relationship, between God and His People is seen in the Husband of a Wife; this relationship existed in the Covenant made on Sinai, the Covenant they continually broke & despised. The Prophet Jeremiah, like Isaiah before him, must stand in the Lord’s stead, and must speak as the Lord to the Nation. Because of this, as we have repeatedly pointed in in both Books of Isaiah & Jeremiah; the transition from the Prophet to Lord because difficult to distinguish between, and often signifies Messiah. As in the Psalms where we saw David is the Beloved, the Lord Christ.
Although restoration is often added to the Captivity & Doom, it is not the emphasis or focus, not even in the very passage when it is revealed, but as reminder the Faithful God will never forget His promises to fathers of previous generations. Jeremiah eventually learns the reality of this, and it depresses him, bringing to frequent tears; much like Jonah in his refusal to offer repentance & mercy to Nineveh. What perplexes Jeremiah is the place the Gentiles occupy in the Divine Economy, the administration of providential grace to idolaters. That Israel must be punished is understandable, for the violated the Covenant, that is they committed adultery against the Lord; but how taking up the Gentiles in favour, or service, is not just as defiling. The Prophet, as a Jew, has lost sight of the creation, that God is the God of the Gentiles too, who long ago strayed from Him, and in blindness, darkness, and ignorance needed Him. Though Isaiah clearly spoke of these things, the Prophet in himself, overwhelm in sorrow, traumatized by tragedy & calamity, one after another, had not yet learned these things in his youth and early ministry. Nor did he understand that salvation is dependent on judgment, as grace is on justice. There are those who hearing the prophecies of Jeremiah did turn to the Lord, did draw near to God, and they were blest as is said in the Psalms. Not even Moses & Samuel, representing the Law & the Monarchy, would mitigate the offence to the Lord for what King Manasseh, son of King Hezekiah, grandfather of King Josiah, did in Jerusalem & Judah, and of whom Jewish tradition says he murdered Isaiah by sawing him in half. Though the Nation was like a Belt around the Lord’s waist, they had become deformed & useless.
The Gentiles are treated like Israel as to the Lord, as Jehovah, Who is God of all the earth. As the Potter so all His vessels, that is, His creatures, His creation, may respond to His Word then the Lord will respond to them in kind. Individual Gentiles like Naaman the Syrian, like the Ethiopian Edom-melech, like Ruth the Moabite, like Rahab of Jericho, and many others. The Gentile peoples as nations, states, or governments, as kingdoms & empires, are given opportunity to make the Lord as their God, right along the side of God’s Chosen People. Israel had become an undesirable to the Lord, and the Gentiles were no longer despised as enemies, but were to be treated more like Egypt was on account of Israel being a stranger & resident in Egypt. This Gentile favor did not sit well with the Jew or Israel from the Crown to the common folks the Gentiles could never be on equal status to the House of Abraham Isaac, and Jacob. Neither Assyria nor Babylon could ever be God’s Servants; especially against Israel. As the years passed, as the months passed, as the weeks passed, and as the days passed, the alienation between the Lord and Israel continued to widen & intensify. In the center of this heart-break was the Remnant in whom the Promises would be kept, fulfilled, and enlarged.
The Monarchy in Israel established in the Davidic Throne guaranteed that the Seed of David would spring forth to fulfill the terms of the Covenant. All the Promises of God would be answered in the Messiah, Who was demanded by the Law, built on the Patriarchal Promises that all nations, the Gentiles, and all families of mankind, would be blessed in Him, the Seed of Abraham and the Seed of David. Israel was the nursery for the Branch of Righteousness, Jehovah Tsidkenu, the Shepherd of the Remnant, the King and Prince, and many such Names. The priests & prophets were to help the people draw near to God; the King & his house, his court, and his army, was to defend, protect, lead, and shepherd the nation for God to have a Place & People to live with. But Jeremiah found it very difficult to minister to a doomed corrupt nation, on whom the Divine Wrath is meted out in full measure. God had rejected Zion, and gone off to the Clouds, roaming around the Gentiles, an Alien & Stranger like His People, an Exile in Captivity of homelessness without His Family. The Punisher is punished.
The Remnant as good & bad figs will be evaluated in the crucible fire, testing their heart in their fear. Half of Jeremiah’s ministry has been fruitless in gaining fruit from the fig tree, and the figs that were picked and put in the basket were mostly bad, undesirable to sight & taste. It was time to get rid of the bad figs. The Babylonian Power was rising to overthrow the Assyrian Power, Daniel & Ezekiel will soon be in Captivity in Babylon, the 70 years Captivity will reduce the nation to a remnant in need of rescue. As Babylon emerges in its Imperial place, the Chaldeans invade, subjugate, and expand in the Mediterranean world, including the land of Israel and all her neighbors. Both by conquest and alliance the King of Babylon, as the Lord’s Servant, would rule as the most dominate power of the Middle East. Therefore the Lord must deal with & negotiate with this Government of the world; and we will see in Daniel the fuller significance of all this in the Times of the Gentiles. Jeremiah’s active ministry was closing, his passive ministry will continue another 15 years. The latter chapters are concerned with the details of the destruction of Israel and the nations about her, with the desecration of the Temple, with demolishing of the walls and defenses, with elimination & with termination of the authorities & leadership of the kingdoms not in alliance with Babylon, and with the Exile & Captivity of the peoples. The land of Israel and the Middle East is changed, a new civilization is emerging in the dispensation of the Sons of Noah. As the Lord’s Word was despised and put to the fire, so too the Monarchy is rejected & put to flames.
The nations are intoxicated for destruction in the Divine Judgment of the World, and Babylon also is judged and requited for their ways & cruelty. Another world imperial power will destroy Babylon & Chaldea; and in turn, Daniel shows, another will replace that power, and another after that, etc. Yet through all this a Remnant will survive, saved by mercy, preserved by Divine Power interfering in world affairs. The Mountains of the World Powers & Governments will themselves turned into valleys. No more Babylon, no more Medes & Persians, no more Greeks, or Romans, etc.
This picture painted in the Book of Jeremiah makes weep, his lamentations becomes our lamentations. What Jeremiah says of his people, his land, and his home, make us consider our times in light of God’s Judgment, The God of Jeremiah is very terrifying in judgment & the punishment of His people. As we progress through Ezekiel into Daniel we will see the Times He has determined on the whole world, and the significance for the End Times.

Here are the Selections that I found very useful to explore the Book of Jeremiah and his Lamentations. I have not tried to insert objections to those things in these writings that I reject or object to, but both the good and the bad to present a fuller picture in the hermeneutics of the Prophet and his Prophecies.

Jeremiah’s Selections (10): Jeremiah’s & Lamentations Selections: Blayney, Henderson, Naegelsbach (Lange’s-Schaff), Keil-Delitzsch, Streane (CBS), Wordsworth, Smith (Scot), Driver, Brown, & Binns.

About mjmselim

Male, 65, born in Jamaica, USA since 1961, citizen in 2002; cobbler for 40 plus years, Christian since 1969; married to same wife since 1979; 6 daughters and 2 sons, with 7 grandkids. Slowly adapting to the digital world of computers and internet; hobby in digital editing.
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